Publications by authors named "Reihaneh Mousavi"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Metabolic and hormonal effects of melatonin and/or magnesium supplementation in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

Nutr Metab (Lond) 2021 Jun 6;18(1):57. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Nutrition, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders among women of reproductive age. This study was designed to investigate the effects of melatonin and/or magnesium supplementation on metabolic profile and levels of sex hormones in PCOS women.

Methods: In an 8-week randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial, 84 subjects with PCOS aged 18-40 years were randomly assigned based on the random block procedure to take magnesium, melatonin, magnesium plus melatonin, and placebo. Fasting blood samples were obtained at the beginning and end of the study.

Results: After intervention, the mean Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index score decreased significantly in both co-supplementation and melatonin groups (P < 0.001). Magnesium supplementation in combination with melatonin resulted in a significant greater decrease in testosterone concentrations compared with the placebo (P < 0.05). Co-supplementation of magnesium-melatonin had significantly reduced serum insulin levels (geometric means difference: - 1.11 (mIU/mL) (percent change: - 15.99)), homeostasis model of assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) (- 0.28 (- 18.66)), serum cholesterol (mean difference: - 16.08 (mg/dl) [95% CI - 24.24, - 7.92]), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) - 18.96 (mg/dl) [- 28.73, - 9.20]) and testosterone levels (- 0.09 (ng/ml) (- 25.00)), as compared to the baseline values (P < 0.05). An increase in serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels was also observed following the administration of the melatonin alone (2.76 (mg/dl) [0.57, 4.95]) or in combination with magnesium (2.19 (mg/dl) [0.61, 3.77]) (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: Co-supplementation with magnesium and melatonin had beneficial effects on sleep quality and total testosterone. Additionally, melatonin supplementation alone was found to be associated with a significant reduction in PSQI score. Moreover, combined melatonin and magnesium supplementation was more effective in improving serum levels of cholesterol, LDL-C, HDL-C and insulin, and HOMA-IR.

Trial Registration: Iranian Registry of Clinical Trial. http://www.irct.ir : IRCT20191130045556N1, January 2020.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12986-021-00586-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8183043PMC
June 2021

Effects of Melatonin and/or Magnesium Supplementation on Biomarkers of Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: a Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2021 May 19. Epub 2021 May 19.

Nutrition and Metabolic Disease Research Center, Clinical Science Research Institute, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Science, Ahvaz, Iran.

Magnesium and melatonin are known to exert multiple beneficial effects including anti-inflammatory and antioxidant actions. This study was designed to determine the effects of magnesium and/or melatonin supplementation on metabolic profiles in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted among 84 subjects with PCOS aged 18-40 years old. Patients were randomly assigned based on the random block procedure to take magnesium, melatonin, magnesium plus melatonin, or placebo for 8 weeks. Fasting blood samples were taken at baseline and after the intervention to quantify related variables. After the 8-week intervention, an insignificant marginal difference was seen in waist circumference (WC) between groups (P = 0.085). Magnesium-melatonin co-supplementation resulted in more reductions in hirsutism compared with other groups (P < 0.001). Serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) declined significantly in the melatonin and co-supplementation groups compared to baseline (P < 0.05). Also, magnesium plus melatonin was associated with a more increase in total antioxidant capacity (TAC) levels, as compared to the other treatment groups (P = 0.001). Overall, we found a favorable effect of co-supplementation of magnesium and melatonin for 8 weeks in women with PCOS on hirsutism, serum TNF-α, and TAC levels. Furthermore, melatonin independently contributed to decreased serum values of TNF-α.Clinical trial registration number http://www.irct.ir : IRCT20191130045556N1, January 2020.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12011-021-02725-yDOI Listing
May 2021
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