Publications by authors named "Rebecca Schüler"

14 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Nox2+ myeloid cells drive vascular inflammation and endothelial dysfunction in heart failure after myocardial infarction via angiotensin II receptor type 1.

Cardiovasc Res 2021 Jan;117(1):162-177

Center for Thrombosis and Haemostasis, University Medical Center Mainz, Langenbeckstraße 1, 55131 Mainz, Germany.

Aims: Heart failure (HF) ensuing myocardial infarction (MI) is characterized by the initiation of a systemic inflammatory response. We aimed to elucidate the impact of myelomonocytic cells and their activation by angiotensin II on vascular endothelial function in a mouse model of HF after MI.

Methods And Results: HF was induced in male C57BL/6J mice by permanent ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Compared to sham, HF mice had significantly impaired endothelial function accompanied by enhanced mobilization of Sca-1+c-Kit+ haematopoietic stem cells and Sca-1-c-Kit+ common myeloid and granulocyte-macrophage progenitors in the bone marrow as well as increased vascular infiltration of CD11b+Ly6G-Ly6Chigh monocytes and accumulation of CD11b+ F4/80+ macrophages, assessed by flow cytometry. Using mice with Cre-inducible expression of diphtheria toxin receptor in myeloid cells, we selectively depleted lysozyme M+ myelomonocytic cells for 10 days starting 28 days after MI. While the cardiac phenotype remained unaltered until 38 days post-MI, myeloid cell depletion attenuated vascular accumulation of Nox2+CD45+ cells, endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and vascular expression of adhesion molecules and angiotensin II receptor type 1 (AT1R). Pharmacological blockade of this receptor for 4 weeks did not significantly alter cardiac function, but mimicked the effects of myeloid cell depletion: telmisartan (20 mg/kg/day, fed to C57BL/6J mice) diminished bone marrow myelopoesis and myeloid reactive oxygen species production, attenuated endothelial leucocyte rolling and vascular accumulation of CD11b+Ly6G-Ly6Chigh monocytes and macrophages, resulting in improved vascular function with less abundance of Nox2+CD45+ cells.

Conclusion: Endothelial dysfunction in HF ensuing MI is mediated by inflammatory Nox2+ myeloid cells infiltrating the vessel wall that can be targeted by AT1R blockade.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cvr/cvaa042DOI Listing
January 2021

Cutting Edge: IL-6-Driven Immune Dysregulation Is Strictly Dependent on IL-6R α-Chain Expression.

J Immunol 2020 02 10;204(4):747-751. Epub 2020 Jan 10.

Institute for Molecular Medicine, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, 55131 Mainz, Germany.

IL-6 binds to the IL-6R α-chain (IL-6Rα) and signals via the signal transducer gp130. Recently, IL-6 was found to also bind to the cell surface glycoprotein CD5, which would then engage gp130 in the absence of IL-6Rα. However, the biological relevance of this alternative pathway is under debate. In this study, we developed a mouse model, in which murine IL-6 is overexpressed in a CD11c-Cre-dependent manner. Transgenic mice developed a lethal immune dysregulation syndrome with increased numbers of Ly-6G neutrophils and Ly-6C monocytes/macrophages. IL-6 overexpression promoted activation of CD4 T cells while suppressing CD5 B-1a cell development. However, additional ablation of IL-6Rα protected IL-6-overexpressing mice from IL-6-triggered inflammation and fully phenocopied IL-6Rα-deficient mice without IL-6 overexpression. Mechanistically, IL-6Rα deficiency completely prevented downstream activation of STAT3 in response to IL-6. Altogether, our data clarify that IL-6Rα is the only biologically relevant receptor for IL-6 in mice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1900876DOI Listing
February 2020

Age-Dependent and -Independent Effects of Perivascular Adipose Tissue and Its Paracrine Activities during Neointima Formation.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Dec 31;21(1). Epub 2019 Dec 31.

Center for Cardiology, Cardiology I, University Medical Center Mainz, D-55131 Mainz, Germany.

Cardiovascular risk factors may act by modulating the composition and function of the adventitia. Here we examine how age affects perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) and its paracrine activities during neointima formation. Aortic tissue and PVAT or primary aortic smooth muscle cells from male C57BL/6JRj mice aged 52 weeks ("middle-aged") were compared to tissue or cells from mice aged 16 weeks ("adult"). Vascular injury was induced at the carotid artery using 10% ferric chloride. Carotid arteries from the middle-aged mice exhibited smooth muscle de-differentiation and elevated senescence marker expression, and vascular injury further aggravated media and adventitia thickening. Perivascular transplantation of PVAT had no effect on these parameters, but age-independently reduced neointima formation and lumen stenosis. Quantitative PCR analysis revealed a blunted increase in senescence-associated proinflammatory changes in perivascular tissue compared to visceral adipose tissue and higher expression of mediators attenuating neointima formation. Elevated levels of protein inhibitor of activated STAT1 (PIAS1) and lower expression of STAT1- or NFκB-regulated genes involved in adipocyte differentiation, inflammation, and apoptosis/senescence were present in mouse PVAT, whereas PIAS1 was reduced in the PVAT of patients with atherosclerotic vessel disease. Our findings suggest that age affects adipose tissue and its paracrine vascular activities in a depot-specific manner. PIAS1 may mediate the age-independent vasculoprotective effects of perivascular fat.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms21010282DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6981748PMC
December 2019

Telmisartan Lowers Elevated Blood Pressure in Psoriatic Mice without Attenuating Vascular Dysfunction and Inflammation.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Aug 30;20(17). Epub 2019 Aug 30.

Center for Cardiology-Cardiology I, University Medical Center Mainz, 55131 Mainz, Germany.

Background: Psoriasis is hallmarked by vascular dysfunction, arterial hypertension, and an increased risk for cardiovascular diseases. We have shown recently that skin-driven interleukin (IL)-17A expression promotes psoriasis-like disease in mice, and this is associated with vascular inflammation, vascular dysfunction, and hypertension. As an intensive risk-factor reduction is recommended for psoriasis patients, we aimed to elucidate the impact of the angiotensin II receptor type 1 (AT1) antagonist telmisartan in a mouse model of severe psoriasis-like skin disease.

Methods And Results: Elevated blood pressure measured by tail-cuff plethysmography in mice with keratinocyte-specific IL-17A overexpression (K14-IL-17A mice) was significantly reduced in response to telmisartan. Importantly, vascular dysfunction, as assessed by isometric tension studies of isolated aortic rings, vascular inflammation measured by flow cytometry analysis of CD45CD11b immune cells, as well as the increased peripheral oxidative stress levels assessed by L-012-enhanced chemiluminescence were not attenuated by telmisartan treatment of K14-IL-17A mice, nor was the persisting skin inflammation.

Conclusion: We provide first evidence for an effective antihypertensive treatment in experimental psoriasis by AT1 blockade, but without any impact on vascular inflammation and dysfunction in our mouse model of severe psoriasis-like skin disease. This suggests that vascular function and inflammation in psoriasis might not be attenuated as long as skin inflammation persists.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20174261DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6747395PMC
August 2019

T Cell-Derived IL-17A Induces Vascular Dysfunction via Perivascular Fibrosis Formation and Dysregulation of NO/cGMP Signaling.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2019 18;2019:6721531. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

Center for Thrombosis and Hemostasis (CTH), University Medical Center Mainz, Mainz, Germany.

Aims: The neutrophil recruiting cytokine Interleukin-17A (IL-17A) is a key component in vascular dysfunction and arterial hypertension. Moreover, IL-17A has a central role for the vascular infiltration of myeloid cells into the arterial wall in Angiotensin II-induced vascular inflammation. The intention of our study was to analyze the impact of T cell-derived IL-17A on hypertension, vascular function, and inflammation.

Methods And Results: Chronic IL-17A overexpression in T cells (CD4-IL-17A mice) resulted in elevated reactive oxygen species in the peripheral blood and a significant vascular dysfunction compared to control mice. The vascular dysfunction seen in the CD4-IL-17A mice was only accompanied by a modest and nonsignificant accumulation of inflammatory cells within the vessel wall. Therefore, infiltrating myeloid cells did not serve as an explanation of the vascular dysfunction seen in a chronic IL-17A-driven mouse model. In addition to vascular dysfunction, CD4-IL-17A mice displayed vascular fibrosis with highly proliferative fibroblasts. This fibroblast proliferation was induced by exposure to IL-17A as confirmed by experiments with primary murine fibroblastic cells. We also found that the NO/cGMP pathway was downregulated in the vasculature of the CD4-IL-17A mice, while levels of protein tyrosine kinase 2 (PYK2), an oxidative stress-triggered process associated with T cell activation, were upregulated in the perivascular fat tissue (PVAT).

Conclusions: Our data demonstrate that T cell-derived IL-17A elicits vascular dysfunction by mediating proliferation of fibroblasts and subsequent vascular fibrosis associated with PYK2 upregulation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6721531DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6668561PMC
January 2020

A sequential interferon gamma directed chemotactic cellular immune response determines survival and cardiac function post-myocardial infarction.

Cardiovasc Res 2019 Nov;115(13):1907-1917

Center for Cardiology-Cardiology I, University Medical Center Mainz, Langenbeckstraße 1, Mainz, Germany.

Aims: Myelomonocytic cells are critical in injury and healing post-myocardial infarction (MI). Mechanisms of regulation, however, are incompletely understood. The aim of the study was to elucidate the role of interferon gamma (IFN-γ) in the orchestrated inflammatory response in a murine model of MI.

Methods And Results: MI was induced in 8- to 12-week-old male mice (C57BL/6 background) by permanent ligation of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery. Lysozyme M (LysM)+ cell-depleted LysMiDTR transgenic mice displayed a reduced influx of CD45.2+/CD3-/CD11b+/Gr-1high neutrophils into infarcted myocardium 1 day post-MI compared with infarcted controls, paralleled by decreased cardiac mRNA levels of IFN-γ and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). Mortality after MI was significantly increased in LysM+ cell-depleted mice within 28 days post-MI. To more specifically address the role of neutrophils, we depleted C57BL/6 mice with a monoclonal anti-Gr-1 antibody and found increased mortality, deteriorated cardiac function as well as decreased cardiac IFN-γ mRNA expression early after MI. Ccl2, Cxcl1, Cx3cl1, and Il12b mRNA were reduced 3 days after MI, as was the amount of CD11b+/Ly-6G-/Ly-6Chigh inflammatory monocytes. LAD-ligated Cramp-/- mice lacking cathelicidin important in neutrophil-dependent monocyte chemotaxis as well as IFNγ-/- and TNFα-/- mice phenocopied Gr-1+ cell-depleted mice, supporting a regulatory role of IFN-γ impacting on both the sequence of inflammatory cell invasion and cardiac outcome early after MI. The use of conditional IFN-γ receptor deficient mice indicated a direct effect of IFN-γ on LysM+ cells in cardiac injury post-MI. Using IFN-γ reporter mice and flow cytometry, we identified cardiac lymphoid cells (CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and natural killer cells) as primary source of this cytokine in the cardiac inflammatory response post-MI.

Conclusion: IFN-γ directs a sequential chemotactic cellular immune response and determines survival and cardiac function post-MI.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cvr/cvz092DOI Listing
November 2019

Antagonization of IL-17A Attenuates Skin Inflammation and Vascular Dysfunction in Mouse Models of Psoriasis.

J Invest Dermatol 2019 03 24;139(3):638-647. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Center of Cardiology, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Center of Thrombosis and Hemostasis, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Mainz, Germany; German Center of Cardiovascular Research (Deutsches Zentrum für Herz-Kreislauf-Forschung, DZHK), Rhine-Main, Germany. Electronic address:

Besides skin inflammation, patients with severe psoriasis suffer from an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality. IL-17A plays a central role in the development of psoriasis and might connect skin and vascular disease. The aim of this study was to clarify whether anti-IL-17A therapy could also ameliorate the vascular dysfunction associated with severe psoriasis. We analyzed three murine models with varying severities of psoriasis-like skin disease concerning their vascular function and inflammation: (i) K14-IL-17A mice with keratinocyte-specific IL-17A overexpression and an early-onset severe psoriasis-like phenotype; (ii) homozygous CD11c-IL-17A and heterozygous CD11c-IL-17A mice overexpressing IL-17A in CD11c cells, leading to a delayed onset of moderate psoriasis-like skin disease; and (iii) the acute model of imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like skin inflammation. Similar to the severity of skin disease, vascular dysfunction correlated with peripheral IL-17A levels and neutrophil infiltration into the aortic vessel wall. Successful anti-IL-17A treatment of psoriatic skin lesions diminished peripheral oxidative stress levels, proinflammatory cytokines, and vascular inflammation. These data highlight the pivotal role of IL-17A linking the development of skin lesions and vascular disease in psoriasis. Anti-IL-17A therapy might thus represent a useful approach to attenuate and prevent vascular disease in psoriasis patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jid.2018.09.021DOI Listing
March 2019

Gut Microbiota Promote Angiotensin II-Induced Arterial Hypertension and Vascular Dysfunction.

J Am Heart Assoc 2016 08 30;5(9). Epub 2016 Aug 30.

Center for Thrombosis and Hemostasis Mainz, Partner Site RheinMain, Mainz, Germany Center for Cardiology, Partner Site RheinMain, Mainz, Germany German Center for Cardiovascular Research (DZHK), Partner Site RheinMain, Mainz, Germany

Background: The gut microbiome is essential for physiological host responses and development of immune functions. The impact of gut microbiota on blood pressure and systemic vascular function, processes that are determined by immune cell function, is unknown.

Methods And Results: Unchallenged germ-free mice (GF) had a dampened systemic T helper cell type 1 skewing compared to conventionally raised (CONV-R) mice. Colonization of GF mice with regular gut microbiota induced lymphoid mRNA transcription of T-box expression in T cells and resulted in mild endothelial dysfunction. Compared to CONV-R mice, angiotensin II (AngII; 1 mg/kg per day for 7 days) infused GF mice showed reduced reactive oxygen species formation in the vasculature, attenuated vascular mRNA expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and NADPH oxidase subunit Nox2, as well as a reduced upregulation of retinoic-acid receptor-related orphan receptor gamma t (Rorγt), the signature transcription factor for interleukin (IL)-17 synthesis. This resulted in an attenuated vascular leukocyte adhesion, less infiltration of Ly6G(+) neutrophils and Ly6C(+) monocytes into the aortic vessel wall, protection from kidney inflammation, as well as endothelial dysfunction and attenuation of blood pressure increase in response to AngII. Importantly, cardiac inflammation, fibrosis and systolic dysfunction were attenuated in GF mice, indicating systemic protection from cardiovascular inflammatory stress induced by AngII.

Conclusion: Gut microbiota facilitate AngII-induced vascular dysfunction and hypertension, at least in part, by supporting an MCP-1/IL-17 driven vascular immune cell infiltration and inflammation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.116.003698DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5079031PMC
August 2016

Interleukin 17 drives vascular inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, and arterial hypertension in psoriasis-like skin disease.

Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 2014 Dec 23;34(12):2658-68. Epub 2014 Oct 23.

From the Institute for Molecular Medicine (S.K., A.L.C., R.S., N.Y., A.N., S.R., A.W.), Department of Medicine 2 (S.K., M.O., D.M., M.K., P. Wild, A.D., P. Wenzel, T.M.), Department of Dermatology (J.W., L.K., E.v.S.), Department of Pharmacology (H.L., Z.W.), Institute for Pathology (C.B.), Center for Thrombosis and Hemostasis (P. Wild, P. Wenzel, T.M.), German Center for Cardiovascular Research (DZHK), partner site RhineMain (A.U., P.W.), and Department of Medicine 3 (M.R.), University Medical Center of the Johannes-Gutenberg University of Mainz, Germany; Department of Internal Medicine I, University Hospital Erlangen, Germany (M.W., M.F.N.); Institute of Anatomy, University of Leipzig, Germany (C.P., I.B.); Institute for Biochemistry, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Germany (S.R.-J.); Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II, Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine University, Düsseldorf, Germany (J.S.).

Objective: Interleukin (IL)-17A is regarded as an important cytokine to drive psoriasis, an inflammatory skin disease marked by increased cardiovascular mortality. We aimed to test the hypothesis that overproduction of IL-17A in the skin leading to dermal inflammation may systemically cause vascular dysfunction in psoriasis-like skin disease.

Approach And Results: Conditional overexpression of IL-17A in keratinocytes caused severe psoriasis-like skin inflammation in mice (K14-IL-17A(ind/+) mice), associated with increased reactive oxygen species formation and circulating CD11b(+) inflammatory leukocytes in blood, with endothelial dysfunction, increased systolic blood pressure, left ventricular hypertrophy, and reduced survival compared with controls. In K14-IL-17A(ind/+) mice, immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry revealed increased vascular production of the nitric oxide/superoxide reaction product peroxynitrite and infiltration of the vasculature with myeloperoxidase(+)CD11b(+)GR1(+)F4/80(-) cells accompanied by increased expression of the inducible nitric oxide synthase and the nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase, nox2. Neutrophil depletion by anti-GR-1 antibody injections reduced oxidative stress in blood and vessels. Neutralization of tumor necrosis factor-α and IL-6 (both downstream of IL-17A) reduced skin lesions, attenuated oxidative stress in heart and blood, and partially improved endothelial dysfunction in K14-IL-17A(ind/+) mice.

Conclusions: Dermal overexpression of IL-17A induces systemic endothelial dysfunction, vascular oxidative stress, arterial hypertension, and increases mortality mainly driven by myeloperoxidase(+)CD11b(+)GR1(+)F4/80(-) inflammatory cells. Depletion of the GR-1(+) immune cells or neutralization of IL-17A downstream cytokines by biologicals attenuates the vascular phenotype in K14-IL-17A(ind/+) mice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/ATVBAHA.114.304108DOI Listing
December 2014

IL-6 regulates neutrophil microabscess formation in IL-17A-driven psoriasiform lesions.

J Invest Dermatol 2014 Mar 25;134(3):728-735. Epub 2013 Sep 25.

Institute for Molecular Medicine, University Medical Center of the Johannes-Gutenberg University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany. Electronic address:

The lack of a generally accepted animal model for human psoriasis has hindered progress with respect to understanding the pathogenesis of the disease. Here we present a model in which transgenic IL-17A expression is targeted to the skin in mice, achievable after crossing our IL-17A(ind) allele to the K14-Cre strain. K14-IL-17A(ind/+) mice invariably develop an overt skin inflammation bearing many hallmark characteristics of human psoriasis including dermal infiltration of effector T cells, formation of neutrophil microabscesses, and hyperkeratosis. IL-17A expression in the skin results in upregulated granulopoiesis and migration of IL-6R-expressing neutrophils into the skin. Neutralization of IL-6 signaling efficiently reduces the observed pathogenesis in skin of IL-17A-overexpressing mice, with marked reductions in epidermal neutrophil abscess formation and epidermal thickening. Thus, IL-6 functions downstream of IL-17A to exacerbate neutrophil microabscess development in psoriasiform lesions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/jid.2013.404DOI Listing
March 2014

An alternative pathway of imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like skin inflammation in the absence of interleukin-17 receptor a signaling.

J Invest Dermatol 2013 Feb 6;133(2):441-51. Epub 2012 Sep 6.

Institute for Molecular Medicine, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Mainz, Germany.

Topical application of imiquimod (IMQ) on the skin of mice induces inflammation with common features found in psoriatic skin. Recently, it was postulated that IL-17 has an important role both in psoriasis and in the IMQ model. To further investigate the impact of IL-17RA signaling in psoriasis, we generated IL-17 receptor A (IL-17RA)-deficient mice (IL-17RA(del)) and challenged these mice with IMQ. Interestingly, the disease was only partially reduced and delayed but not abolished when compared with controls. In the absence of IL-17RA, we found persisting signs of inflammation such as neutrophil and macrophage infiltration within the skin. Surprisingly, already in the naive state, the skin of IL-17RA(del) mice contained significantly elevated numbers of Th17- and IL-17-producing γδ T cells, assuming that IL-17RA signaling regulates the population size of Th17 and γδ T cells. Upon IMQ treatment of IL-17RA(del) mice, these cells secreted elevated amounts of tumor necrosis factor-α, IL-6, and IL-22, accompanied by increased levels of the chemokine CXCL2, suggesting an alternative pathway of neutrophil and macrophage skin infiltration. Hence, our findings have major implications in the potential long-term treatment of psoriasis by IL-17-targeting drugs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/jid.2012.318DOI Listing
February 2013

Preliminary observations on the ability of hyperspectral imaging to provide detection and visualization of bloodstain patterns on black fabrics.

J Forensic Sci 2012 Nov 7;57(6):1562-9. Epub 2012 May 7.

ChemImage Corp., 7301 Penn Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15208, USA.

The analysis of bloodstain patterns can assist investigators in understanding the circumstances surrounding a violent crime. Bloodstains are routinely subjected to pattern analysis, which is inherently dependent upon the ability of the examiner to locate and visualize bloodstain patterns on items of evidence. Often, the ability to properly visualize bloodstain patterns is challenging, especially when the stain patterns occur on dark and/or patterned substrates. In this study, preliminary research was performed to better understand how near-infrared reflectance hyperspectral imaging (HSI) could be used to observe bloodstain patterns on commonly encountered black fabrics. The ability of HSI to visualize latent bloodstains on several commonly encountered substrates is demonstrated. The images acquired through HSI are of sufficient quality to allow for differentiation between stains produced from an impact mechanism or a transfer mechanism. This study also serves as a proof of concept in the differentiation of multiple staining materials. Because of its ability to generate spectral data, the data provide a preliminary separation of stains where more than one type of stain existed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1556-4029.2012.02171.xDOI Listing
November 2012

Toward surface-enhanced Raman imaging of latent fingerprints.

J Forensic Sci 2010 Nov;55(6):1462-70

Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1 Bethel Valley Road, Bldg. 4500N, Room F56, MS 6120, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA.

Exposure to light or heat, or simply a dearth of fingerprint material, renders some latent fingerprints undetectable using conventional methods. We begin to address such elusive fingerprints using detection targeting photo- and thermally stable fingerprint constituents: surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). SERS can give descriptive vibrational spectra of amino acids, among other robust fingerprint constituents, and good sensitivity can be attained by improving metal-dielectric nanoparticle substrates. With SERS chemical imaging, vibrational bands' intensities recreate a visual of fingerprint topography. The impact of nanoparticle synthesis route, dispersal methodology-deposition solvent, and laser wavelength are discussed, as are data from enhanced vibrational spectra of fingerprint components. SERS and Raman chemical images of fingerprints and realistic contaminants are shown. To our knowledge, this represents the first SERS imaging of fingerprints. In conclusion, this work progresses toward the ultimate goal of vibrationally detecting latent prints that would otherwise remain undetected using traditional development methods.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1556-4029.2010.01484.xDOI Listing
November 2010

Visible and near-infrared chemical imaging methods for the analysis of selected forensic samples.

Talanta 2005 Aug 27;67(2):334-44. Epub 2005 Jun 27.

Centre for Forensic Science, University of Technology, Sydney, P.O. Box 123, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia.

This study investigated various chemical imaging methods for the forensic analysis of paints, tapes and adhesives, inks and firearm propellants (absorption and photoluminescence in the UV-vis-NIR regions). Results obtained using chemical imaging technology were compared with those obtained using traditional techniques. The results show that chemical imaging offers significant advantages in the forensic context, for example the ability to display visual and spectral results side by side and to reduce sample preparation, hence minimizing the risk of contamination. Chemical imaging produced a greater discriminating power than traditional techniques for most evidence types. Chemical imaging also eliminated different brands of ammunition based on the fluorescence characteristics of the propellant grains preserving the evidence for further analysis. It is expected that this technology will find broader forensic applications in the future.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2005.03.042DOI Listing
August 2005