Publications by authors named "Rebecca Hsieh"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Postdiagnosis Aspirin Use Associated With Decreased Biliary Tract Cancer-Specific Mortality in a Large Nationwide Cohort.

Hepatology 2021 10 20;74(4):1994-2006. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background And Aims: Biliary tract cancer (BTC) is rare and has limited treatment options. We aimed to examine aspirin use on cancer-specific survival in various BTC subtypes, including gallbladder cancer, ampulla of Vater cancer, and cholangiocarcinoma.

Approach And Results: Nationwide prospective cohort of newly diagnosed BTC between 2007 and 2015 were included and followed until December 31, 2017. Three nationwide databases, namely the Cancer Registration, National Health Insurance, and Death Certification System, were used for computerized data linkage. Aspirin use was defined as one or more prescriptions, and the maximum defined daily dose was used to evaluate the dose-response relationship. Cox's proportional hazards models were applied for estimating HRs and 95% CIs. Analyses accounted for competing risk of cardiovascular deaths, and landmark analyses to avoid immortal time bias were performed. In total, 2,519 of patients with BTC were exposed to aspirin after their diagnosis (15.7%). After a mean follow-up of 1.59 years, the 5-year survival rate was 27.4%. The multivariate-adjusted HR for postdiagnosis aspirin users, as compared with nonusers, was 0.55 (95% CI: 0.51 to 0.58) for BTC-specific death. Adjusted HRs for BTC-specific death were 0.53 (95% CI: 0.48 to 0.59) and 0.42 (95% CI: 0.31 to 0.58) for ≤ 1 and > 1 maximum defined daily dose, respectively, and showed a dose-response trend (P < 0.001; nonusers as a reference). Cancer-specific mortality was lower with postdiagnosis aspirin use in patients with all major BTC subtypes.

Conclusions: The nationwide study revealed that postdiagnosis aspirin use was associated with improved BTC-specific mortality of various subtypes. The findings suggest that additional randomized trials are required to investigate aspirin's efficacy in BTC.
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October 2021

Prevalence of caries and malocclusion in an indigenous population in Chiapas, Mexico.

Int Dent J 2015 Oct 18;65(5):249-55. Epub 2015 Sep 18.

San Francisco School of Dentistry, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Objectives: To assess the prevalence of caries and malocclusion in Mayan Mexican adolescents, 14-20 years of age, living in Chiapas, Mexico.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional, population-based, quantitative, epidemiological study. Sites were chosen to capture subjects representative of the state's Mayan population. A total of 354 subjects were recruited. Caries experience was quantified, via visual inspection, using the Decayed, Missing and Filled Surface (DMFS) index. Malocclusion was quantified using the Index of Complexity, Outcome and Need (ICON).

Results: Our data showed that 99% of the population had caries experience, with a median DMFS score of 8. Of the 99% with caries experience, over half had caries affecting more than five tooth surfaces. Thirty-seven per cent of the students had unmet orthodontic treatment need, and 46.46% presented a Class II, and 39.09% a Class III, anterior-posterior relationship.

Conclusions: Less than 1% of the population had any exposure to orthodontics, demonstrating the lack of access to care. Likewise, only 1% of the population was found to have no caries experience, exhibiting a large unmet treatment need. The median DMFS score of 8 was also high in comparison with the median DMFS in the USA of 6. Our data suggest a correlation between the lack of access to care and high prevalence of caries and malocclusion in Mexican Mayans who inhabit Chiapas, Mexico.
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October 2015

Activation of rabbit TLR9 by different CpG-ODN optimized for mouse and human TLR9.

Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis 2012 Sep 2;35(5):443-51. Epub 2012 May 2.

Infectious and Inflammatory Disease Center, Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, United States.

Synthetic CpG-oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG-ODN) are potent adjuvants that accelerate and boost antigen-specific immune responses. Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) is the cellular receptor for these CpG-ODN. Previous studies have shown species-specific activation of mouse TLR9 (mTLR9) and human TLR9 (hTLR9) by their optimized CpG-ODN. The interaction between rabbit TLR9 (rabTLR9) and CpG-ODN, however, has not been previously investigated. Here, we cloned and characterized rabTLR9 and comparatively investigated the activation of the rabbit, mouse, and human TLR9 by CpG-ODN. The complete open reading frame of rabTLR9 encodes 1028 amino acid residues, which share 70.6% and 75.5% of the identities of mTLR9 and hTLR9, respectively. Rabbit TLR9 is preferentially expressed in immune cells rich tissues, and is localized in intracellular vesicles. While mTLR9 and hTLR9 displayed species-specific recognition of their optimized CpG-ODN, rabbit TLR9 was activated by these CpG-ODN without any preference. This result suggests that rabTLR9 has a broader ligand-recognition profile than mouse and human TLR9.
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September 2012