Publications by authors named "Rayno Navinan Mitrakrishnan"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction with normal coronary arteries secondary to anterior communicating cerebral artery aneurysmal rupture: a case report.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 May 5;5(5):ytab168. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Cardiology, Kettering General Hospital, NHS, Rothwell Road, Kettering, NN16 8UZ, UK.

Background: Myocardial infarction (MI) with non-obstructive coronary arteries presenting with ST-segment elevation can be challenging. Understanding the cardiac and non-cardiac causes aid in identifying the underlying diagnosis and deciding on the management. Neurological insult resulting in a mismatch of oxygen supply or demand to cardiomyocytes can lead to type 2 MI. Acute brain injury, such as intracranial haemorrhage, can induce cardiac dysfunction secondary to brain-heart interaction via hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and catecholamine surge.

Case Summary: A 50-year-old Caucasian male who vaped cannabis presented with epileptic seizures. A Glasgow coma scale of 7/15 necessitated urgent intubation. Electrocardiogram showed ST-segment elevation in inferior leads. Computed tomography of the head suggested intracerebral haemorrhage. He was stabilized in the intensive care unit (ICU). Subsequent imaging confirmed anterior communicating cerebral artery aneurysm and haematoma. Echocardiogram showed severe left ventricular dysfunction and hypokinesia in the left circumflex (LCx) territory. After step down from ICU, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging revealed transmural MI and myocardial oedema at LCx territory. Coronary angiogram was normal. Patient was treated with Levetiracetam and heart failure regimen. A cardiac defibrillator was implanted for secondary prevention and he was scheduled for elective neurosurgical intervention. A follow-up outpatient echocardiogram was normal.

Discussion: Myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries is uncommon. Though the majority is due to either plaque disruption or myocarditis, non-cardiac causes, such as acute neurological insults and substance use, should be considered. Scrutinizing the clinical presentation and using a meticulous approach with appropriate investigations are required to reach the correct diagnosis and appropriate management.
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May 2021

Idiopathic spontaneous compartment syndrome of the right lower limb: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2021 Mar 3;15(1):100. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

National Hospital of Sri Lanka, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Background: Acutely painful lower limb is a common presentation to the emergency department, and acute compartment syndrome is an important differential diagnosis to consider given the correct predisposing history and clinical presentation. However, idiopathic spontaneous compartment syndrome is an uncommon occurrence.

Case Presentation: A 54-year-old Caucasian man with no previous comorbidities presented with acute right-sided lower limb pain with classical symptoms showing gradual evolution. He had no other history of medical relevance and no preceding injury. Examination showed a marginally enlarged right lower limb with stretched skin and tenderness. Routine blood tests were normal including D-dimer levels. However, in the absence of any underlying risk factors, acute compartment syndrome was suspected on clinical merit and confirmed with magnetic resonance imaging. He underwent successful surgical intervention with fasciotomy and achieved good recovery.

Discussion: Acute compartment syndrome, though commonly attributed to trauma, can occur due to varied causes. Spontaneous acute compartment syndrome is attributed to diabetes mellitus. Idiopathic acute spontaneous compartment syndrome occurs in the absence of either intrinsic or extrinsic risk factors and is rarely documented in the literature. This case highlights the importance of appreciating classical clinical signs and having the clinical acumen to consider an obvious diagnosis even in its rarer form of presentation.
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March 2021