Publications

Age-related external anal sphincter muscle dysfunction and fibrosis: possible role of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathways.
Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2017 Dec 24;313(6):G581-G588. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System and University of California, San Diego, California.

Circular and longitudinal muscles shortening indicates sliding patterns during peristalsis and transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation.
Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2015 Sep 4;309(5):G360-7. Epub 2015 Jun 4.
Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, San Diego, California; and San Diego Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, San Diego, California

Anatomical disruption and length-tension dysfunction of anal sphincter complex muscles in women with fecal incontinence.
Dis Colon Rectum 2013 Nov;56(11):1282-9
1 Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, San Diego VA Health Care System & University of California, San Diego, California 2 Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital Healthcare System Gangnam Center, Seoul, South Korea.

Dynamic assessment of the vaginal high-pressure zone using high-definition manometery, 3-dimensional ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvic floor muscles.
Am J Obstet Gynecol 2010 Aug 11;203(2):172.e1-8. Epub 2010 May 11.
Pelvic Floor Function and Disease Group, Division of Gastroenterology, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA.

Length-tension relationship of the external anal sphincter muscle: implications for the anal canal function.
Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2008 Aug 3;295(2):G367-73. Epub 2008 Jul 3.
Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University of California, San Diego and San Diego Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, San Diego, California 92161, USA.

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