Publications by authors named "Rasesh Kapadia"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Osteogenic activity of locally applied small molecule drugs in a rat femur defect model.

J Biomed Biotechnol 2010 16;2010:597641. Epub 2010 Jun 16.

Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, New Jersey Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, NJ 07103, USA.

The long-term success of arthroplastic joints is dependent on the stabilization of the implant within the skeletal site. Movement of the arthroplastic implant within the bone can stimulate osteolysis, and therefore methods which promote rigid fixation or bone growth are expected to enhance implant stability and the long-term success of joint arthroplasty. In the present study, we used a simple bilateral bone defect model to analyze the osteogenic activity of three small-molecule drug implants via microcomputerized tomography (micro-CT) and histomorphometry. In this study, we show that local delivery of alendronate, but not lovastatin or omeprazole, led to significant new bone formation at the defect site. Since alendronate impedes osteoclast-development, it is theorized that alendronate treatment results in a net increase in bone formation by preventing osteoclast mediated remodeling of the newly formed bone and upregulating osteoblasts.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/597641DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2896701PMC
October 2010

Quantitative analysis of micro-CT imaging and histopathological signatures of experimental arthritis in rats.

Mol Imaging 2004 Oct;3(4):312-8

Millennium Pharmaceuticals Inc., 45 Sidney Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.

Micro-computed tomographic (micro-CT) imaging provides a unique opportunity to capture 3-D architectural information in bone samples. In this study of pathological joint changes in a rat model of adjuvant-induced arthritis (AA), quantitative analysis of bone volume and roughness were performed by micro-CT imaging and compared with histopathology methods and paw swelling measurement. Micro-CT imaging of excised rat hind paws (n = 10) stored in formalin consisted of approximately 600 30-mum slices acquired on a 512 x 512 image matrix with isotropic resolution. Following imaging, the joints were scored from H&E stained sections for cartilage/bone erosion, pannus development, inflammation, and synovial hyperplasia. From micro-CT images, quantitative analysis of absolute bone volumes and bone roughness was performed. Bone erosion in the rat AA model is substantial, leading to a significant decline in tarsal volume (27%). The result of the custom bone roughness measurement indicated a 55% increase in surface roughness. Histological and paw volume analyses also demonstrated severe arthritic disease as compared to controls. Statistical analyses indicate correlations among bone volume, roughness, histology, and paw volume. These data demonstrate that the destructive progression of disease in a rat AA model can be quantified using 3-D micro-CT image analysis, which allows assessment of arthritic disease status and efficacy of experimental therapeutic agents.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/1535350042973562DOI Listing
October 2004