Publications by authors named "Raquel Figueiredo"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The sugarcane ShMYB78 transcription factor activates suberin biosynthesis in Nicotiana benthamiana.

Plant Mol Biol 2020 Nov 19;104(4-5):411-427. Epub 2020 Aug 19.

Department of Plant Biology, Institute of Biology, State University of Campinas, Campinas, 13083-862, Brazil.

Key Message: A sugarcane MYB present in the culm induces suberin biosynthesis and is involved both with fatty acid and phenolics metabolism. Few transcription factors have been described as regulators of cell wall polymers deposition in C4 grasses. Particularly, regulation of suberin biosynthesis in this group of plants remains poorly understood. Here, we showed that the sugarcane MYB transcription factor ShMYB78 is an activator of suberin biosynthesis and deposition. ShMYB78 was identified upon screening genes whose expression was upregulated in sugarcane internodes undergoing suberization during culm development or triggered by wounding. Agrobacterium-mediated transient expression of ShMYB78 in Nicotiana benthamiana leaves induced the ectopic deposition of suberin and its aliphatic and aromatic monomers. Further, the expression of suberin-related genes was induced by ShMYB78 heterologous expression in Nicotiana benthamiana leaves. ShMYB78 was shown to be a nuclear protein based on its presence in sugarcane internode nuclear protein extracts, and protoplast transactivation assays demonstrated that ShMYB78 activates the promoters of the sugarcane suberin biosynthetic genes β-ketoacyl-CoA synthase (ShKCS20) and caffeic acid-O-methyltransferase (ShCOMT). Our results suggest that ShMYB78 may be involved in the transcriptional regulation of suberin deposition, from fatty acid metabolism to phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, in sugarcane internodes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11103-020-01048-1DOI Listing
November 2020

Deposition of lignin in four species of Saccharum.

Sci Rep 2019 04 10;9(1):5877. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Departamento de Biologia Vegetal, Instituto de Biologia, CP 6109, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, 13083-970, Brazil.

We used primers designed on conserved gene regions of several species to isolate the most expressed genes of the lignin pathway in four Saccharum species. S. officinarum and S. barberi have more sucrose in the culms than S. spontaneum and S. robustum, but less polysaccharides and lignin in the cell wall. S. spontaneum, and S. robustum had the lowest S/G ratio and a lower rate of saccharification in mature internodes. Surprisingly, except for CAD, 4CL, and CCoAOMT for which we found three, two, and two genes, respectively, only one gene was found for the other enzymes and their sequences were highly similar among the species. S. spontaneum had the highest expression for most genes. CCR and CCoAOMT B presented the highest expression; 4CL and F5H showed increased expression in mature tissues; C3H and CCR had higher expression in S. spontaneum, and one of the CADs isolated (CAD B) had higher expression in S. officinarum. The similarity among the most expressed genes isolated from these species was unexpected and indicated that lignin biosynthesis is conserved in Saccharum including commercial varieties Thus the lignin biosynthesis control in sugarcane may be only fully understood with the knowledge of the promotor region of each gene.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42350-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458172PMC
April 2019

Near infrared spectroscopy to monitor drug release in-situ during dissolution tests.

Int J Pharm 2016 Nov 4;513(1-2):1-7. Epub 2016 Sep 4.

Research Institute for Medicines (iMed.ULisboa), Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Prof. Gama Pinto, 1649-003 Lisboa, Portugal. Electronic address:

Dissolution tests can be used to demonstrate suitable in vivo drug release through in vivo/in vitro correlations. This work explores the possibility of using near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to monitor in-situ dissolution tests. It aims at expanding surrogate methods in quality control of drug products. Laboratory designed tablets of an immediate-release formulation containing folic acid and four excipients were used as case study. The dissolution tests were performed on a 1L vessel filled with 500ml of Milli-Q water with a rotating paddle apparatus (apparatus 2, Ph. Eur.) at 50rpm and 37±0.5°C. Near infrared (NIR) spectra were acquired in-situ with a transflectance probe connected to a Fourier-transform near infrared spectrometer. NIR spectra were regressed against folic acid concentration by partial least squares (PLS) regression. Folic acid concentrations during dissolution tests were obtained by periodically sampling the dissolution vessel and resourcing to an UV method. The proposed real-time NIR method was tested on a validation run yielding a root mean squared error of 0.25μgml (0.16μgml for the calibration runs) and a R of 0.93 (0.95 for the calibration runs). The results suggest that NIRS is a suitable analytical technique for monitoring in-situ dissolution tests.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2016.09.010DOI Listing
November 2016

Mitochondrial DNA control region diversity in a population from Espirito Santo state, Brazil.

Mol Biol Rep 2014 Oct 5;41(10):6645-8. Epub 2014 Jul 5.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, São Paulo State University UNESP, Rodovia Araraquara-Jaú, Km 1, Campus, Araraquara, SP, 14801-902, Brazil.

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) analysis has proved to be useful for forensic identification, especially in cases which nuclear DNA markers fail, as in degraded samples or in cases where the biological material has few traces or no nuclear DNA. Moreover, it can be applied in population genetics, inferring the origin of a population. In this work, the entire mtDNA control region of 97 individuals from the state of Espirito Santo, Brazil, was analyzed. We have found 94 different haplotypes yielding a high haplotype diversity of 0.9994 ± 0.0016. The probability of a random match calculated was 1.09. Haplogroup distribution analysis confirmed a highly admixed Latin American population: African lineages (43.3 %), European lineages (32.0 %), Native American lineages (23.7 %) and Asian lineages (1.0 %). We have concluded that this type of tool can be used both in forensic genetics to the study of different human populations, such as highly admixed populations, and in the study of migration's history and colonization of different states and countries of the world.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11033-014-3547-1DOI Listing
October 2014

Identification of phenolic compounds in isolated vacuoles of the medicinal plant Catharanthus roseus and their interaction with vacuolar class III peroxidase: an H₂O₂ affair?

J Exp Bot 2011 May 28;62(8):2841-54. Epub 2011 Feb 28.

Research Group on Quality, Safety and Bioactivity of Plant Foods, Department of Food Science and Technology, CEBAS (CSIC), PO Box 164, E-30100 Campus University Espinardo (Murcia), Spain.

Class III peroxidases (Prxs) are plant enzymes capable of using H(2)O(2) to oxidize a range of plant secondary metabolites, notably phenolic compounds. These enzymes are localized in the cell wall or in the vacuole, which is a target for secondary metabolite accumulation, but very little is known about the function of vacuolar Prxs. Here, the physiological role of the main leaf vacuolar Prx of the medicinal plant Catharanthus roseus, CrPrx1, was further investigated namely by studying its capacity to oxidize co-localized phenolic substrates at the expense of H(2)O(2). LC-PAD-MS analysis of the phenols from isolated leaf vacuoles detected the presence of three caffeoylquinic acids and four flavonoids in this organelle. These phenols or similar compounds were shown to be good CrPrx1 substrates, and the CrPrx1-mediated oxidation of 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid was shown to form a co-operative regenerating cycle with ascorbic acid. Interestingly, more than 90% of total leaf Prx activity was localized in the vacuoles, associated to discrete spots of the tonoplast. Prx activity inside the vacuoles was estimated to be 1809 nkat ml(-1), which, together with the determined concentrations for the putative vacuolar phenolic substrates, indicate a very high H(2)O(2) scavenging capacity, up to 9 mM s(-1). Accordingly, high light conditions, known to increase H(2)O(2) production, induced both phenols and Prx levels. Therefore, it is proposed that the vacuolar couple Prx/secondary metabolites represent an important sink/buffer of H(2)O(2) in green plant cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erq458DOI Listing
May 2011

Modulation of T lymphocyte and eosinophil functions in vitro by natural tetranortriterpenoids isolated from Carapa guianensis Aublet.

Int Immunopharmacol 2011 Jan 15;11(1):1-11. Epub 2010 Oct 15.

Laboratório de Farmacologia Aplicada, Farmanguinhos, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rua Sizenando Nabuco 100, 21041-250, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

We have previously described the anti-allergic activities of a pooled fraction of tetranortriterpenoids (TNTPs) containing 6α-acetoxygedunin, 7-deacetoxy-7-oxogedunin, andirobin and methyl angolensate isolated from the seeds of Carapa guianensis. In the present study, we performed in vitro studies in order to elucidate the mechanisms by which TNTPs present their anti-allergic effects and to identify the bioactive compound(s) present in such fraction. Here, we show that in vitro incubation of eosinophils with the pooled TNTP fraction, as well as with each one of the five isolated tetranortriterpenoids, impaired the adhesion of eosinophils to tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-primed tEND.1 endothelial cells. Furthermore, the individual or pooled TNTPs impaired CCL11/eotaxin-mediated chemotaxis. By contrast, pooled TNTPs failed to inhibit adhesion and chemotaxis of T lymphocytes. However, TNTPs were able to impair anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody-induced T cell proliferation and the expression of CD25 and CD69. These data suggest that TNTPs prevent T cell activation. Pretreatment of splenocytes with the pooled TNTP fraction, as well as with each one of the five isolated TNTPs, inhibited ovalbumin (OVA)-induced in vitro production of interleukin-2, chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 11 (CCL11) and regulated on activation normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES, also known as CCL5). TNTPs (except 6α-acetoxygedunin) also impaired nuclear factor-κB (NFκB) nuclear translocation in OVA-challenged splenocytes. Taken together, these results demonstrate that the anti-allergic effects of TNTPs isolated from C. guianensis might rely on their ability to inhibit eosinophil migration, as well as the activation of T lymphocytes, which is shared by the five isolated TNTPs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2010.09.010DOI Listing
January 2011

Genetic profile characterization of 10 X-STRs in four populations of the southeastern region of Brazil.

Int J Legal Med 2010 Sep 16;124(5):427-32. Epub 2010 Jun 16.

Laboratório de Investigação de Paternidade, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Rodovia Araraquara-Jaú, Km 01, 14801-902, Araraquara, São Paulo, Brazil.

Ten X-chromosomal short tandem repeats (DXS8378, DXS9902, DXS7132, DXS9898, DXS6809, DXS6789, DXS7133, GATA172D05, GATA31E08 and DXS7423) were analyzed in four populations of the southeastern region of Brazil (São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Vitória and Belo Horizonte). No deviations from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium were observed for any of the analyzed loci in the four populations. The average diversity per locus varied between 68% for DXS8378, DXS7133, and DXS7423 and 83%, for DXS6809, with Rio de Janeiro being the most diverse population. Overall power of discrimination values in females varied between 0.99999999990 and 0.99999999997 and between 0.9999991 and 0.9999995 in males. These high values show the potential of this system for forensic application and relationships' testing in the studied groups. Genetic comparisons (exact tests of population differentiation and pairwise genetic distances) revealed significant differences between Brazilian and other populations from Europe, Latin America and Africa, as well as among different Brazilian populations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00414-010-0478-9DOI Listing
September 2010

A vacuolar class III peroxidase and the metabolism of anticancer indole alkaloids in Catharanthus roseus: Can peroxidases, secondary metabolites and arabinogalactan proteins be partners in microcompartmentation of cellular reactions?

Plant Signal Behav 2008 Oct;3(10):899-901

IBMC-Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular; Universidade do Porto; Porto Portugal.

Plants possess a unique metabolic diversity commonly designated as secondary metabolism, of which the anticancer alkaloids from Catharanthus roseus are among the most studied. Recently, in a classical function-to-protein-to-gene approach, we have characterized the main class III peroxidase (Prx) expressed in C. roseus leaves, CrPrx1, implicated in a key biosynthetic step of the anticancer alkaloids. We have shown the vacuolar sorting determination of CrPrx1 using GFP fusions and we have obtained further evidence supporting the role of this enzyme in alkaloid biosynthesis, indicating the potential of CrPrx1 as a molecular tool for the manipulation of alkaloid metabolism. Here, we discuss how plant cells may regulate Prx reactions. In fact, Prxs form a large multigenic family whose members accept a broad range of substrates and, in their two subcellular localizations, the cell wall and the vacuole, Prxs co-locate with a large variety of secondary metabolites which can be accepted as substrates. How then, are Prx reactions regulated? Localization data obtained in our lab suggest that arabinogalactan proteins (AGPs) and Prxs may be associated in membrane microdomains, evocative of lipid rafts. Whether plasma membrane and/or tonoplast microcompartmentation involve AGPs and Prxs and whether this enables metabolic channeling determining Prx substrate selection are challenging questions ahead.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2634410PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.4161/psb.3.10.6576DOI Listing
October 2008
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