Publications by authors named "Ranida Thamphithak"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Efficacy and outcome of simple limbal epithelial transplantation for limbal stem cell deficiency verified by epithelial phenotypes integrated with clinical evaluation.

Ocul Surf 2021 Jun 30;22:27-37. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and outcome of simple limbal epithelial transplantation (SLET) for limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) using epithelial phenotype detection integrated with clinical manifestation.

Methods: This prospective multicenter study included patients with LSCD who underwent autologous SLET (autoSLET) and living-related allogenic SLET (Lr-alloSLET). All patients were assessed by slit-lamp biomicroscopy, in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM), and impression cytology with immunofluorescence staining (ICIF) before and after surgery. The criteria for success were the presence of a clinically non-conjunctivalized cornea and corneal epithelium detected by IVCM or ICIF. Otherwise, the case would be considered a failure. Visual improvement and risk factors for SLET failure were analyzed.

Results: A total of 28 eyes of 26 patients (11 autoSLET and 17 Lr-alloSLET) were included. The median age was 53 years (range, 35-63), and the follow-up time was 29.5 months (range, 17.5-39.8). The overall survival rate was 89.3% at 2 years and 75.6% at 3 years with no difference between autoSLET and Lr-alloSLET (p = 0.24). Seven eyes subsequently underwent penetrating keratoplasty. Immunohistochemistry analysis showed that all corneal buttons had corneal epithelium and limbal stem cell markers. Visual improvement was achieved in both SLET groups (p < 0.001). Failed SLET developed between 5 and 32 months postoperatively. However, absolute risk factors for SLET failure were unidentified.

Conclusion: The efficacy of autoSLET and Lr-alloSLET for LSCD was excellent. Limbal explants can regenerate and restore the corneal surface while maintaining the characteristics of limbal stem cells as shown by epithelial phenotype detection and immunohistochemistry integrated with clinical evaluation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtos.2021.06.012DOI Listing
June 2021

Phenotypic Characterization of Corneal Epithelium in Long-Term Follow-Up of Patients Post-Autologous Cultivated Oral Mucosal Epithelial Transplantation.

Cornea 2021 Jul;40(7):842-850

Research Division, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Purpose: To analyze the phenotype of the corneal epithelium in patients with long-term follow-up who underwent autologous cultivated oral mucosal epithelial transplantation (COMET) using in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) and impression cytology with immunofluorescence staining (ICIF).

Methods: Thirteen eyes from patients with severe limbal stem cell deficiency, who underwent COMET at least 48 months before, were recruited in this noncomparative cohort study. After eye examination, IVCM and ICIF were performed. Clinical manifestations of the cornea were evaluated and compared with epithelial findings detected by IVCM and ICIF [cytokeratin (CK) 3, CK7, and CK12]. Two corneal buttons derived from patients receiving the corneal transplantation post-COMET were sent for immunohistochemistry (CK3, CK6, CK7, CK12, paired box gene 6, p63, zonula occludens-1, and integrin β -1).

Results: The mean age of patients was 51.2 ± 20.6 years, and the mean follow-up time since COMET was 78.7 ± 16.3 months. Six of 13 eyes showed clinically successful COMET. In these eyes, IVCM demonstrated predominant cornea-like epithelium and ICIF reported positivity for CK3 and CK12, confirming the presence of oral mucosal and corneal epithelium. Meanwhile, 7 eyes showed total conjunctivalization, corresponding with substantial conjunctival epithelium detected by IVCM and positivity for conjunctival (CK7) and oral mucosal epithelial (CK3) markers detected by ICIF. The immunohistochemistry of corneal buttons stained positive for oral mucosal, corneal epithelial, and stem cell markers (CK3, CK12, and p63).

Conclusions: In long-term follow-up of COMET, epithelium of successful patients demonstrated cornea-like phenotype, whereas failed cases revealed mainly conjunctival phenotype. However, there were evidences that oral mucosal epithelial cells remained across the cornea in both successful and failed COMET as detected by IVCM and ICIF.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICO.0000000000002498DOI Listing
July 2021
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