Publications by authors named "Ranganathan Parameswari"

4 Publications

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Superparamagnetic hematite nanoparticle: Cytogenetic impact on onion roots and seed germination response of major crop plants.

IET Nanobiotechnol 2020 Apr;14(2):133-141

Department of Biotechnology, School of Bio Sciences & Technology, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore-632014, Tamilnadu, India.

Augmented escape of nanostructures to the ecosystem has necessitated the comprehensive study of their impact, especially on plants. In the current study, hematite nanoparticles were prepared by employing garlic extract and checked for their cytogenetic effect on onion roots and germination characteristics of five agricultural crops (, , , and ) in the concentration range of 20-100 mg/L. Onion roots exhibited an increased mitotic index till 60 mg/L dosage, beyond which trend decreased marginally. Percentage of aberrant chromosomes reported for 100 mg/L exposure was very low (3.358 ± 0.13%) and included common defects such as clumped/sticky metaphase, ring chromosomes, laggards, spindle abnormality, chromosome bridges etc. Moreover, comet assay, DNA laddering experiment and electron micrograph study confirmed negligible damage to onion roots. Seed germination study indicated a positive response in different agronomic traits (germination index, root length, fold change in weight and vigour index) up to 60 mg/L, beyond which either negative or neutral effect was observed. However, none of the samples showed 50% inhibition in germination index; highest being 33.33% inhibition for , compared to the control. In brief, biogenic hematite nanoparticles caused insignificant phytotoxicity and were likely assimilated as iron source at lower dosage.
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April 2020

Improvements in morphology and membrane stability obtained from -, a cryopreservation medium treated infertile smoker sperm cells - An study.

Toxicol Rep 2019 24;6:889-896. Epub 2019 Aug 24.

Department of Industrial Biotechnology, School of Biosciences and Technology, VIT University, Vellore, India.

Background: Plants are the major sources of antioxidants, which maintains oxidant: antioxidant state or is to protect from excessive reactive oxygen species in case of cryo medium selection though maintain sperm stability.

Bottleneck: Cryo preservation of infertile smokers is challengeable with the available medium due to over production of ROS hitches, were cause loss of sperm physiology. Hence, a novel medium is needed to store/protect sperm cells of infertile smokers where they attending/ongoing IVF or oncogenic surgical treatment.

Aim: The aim of this study, is to check the stability of sperm cells by TPP- bark () (E4) cryo medium preserved infertile smoker's against ROS/cryo injury- as a continuous study.

Materials And Methods: 42 infertile smoker's subjects with 28 control subjects were selected. Surface morphology (acrosome) of sperm by scanning electronic microscope, sperm membrane proteins by colorimetric method, sperm head and tail defects by CASA method and finally sperm cell stability is checking its zeta electric potential charges, were all done with E4 cryo medium treated frozen/thawed selected study subjects.

Results: Sperm morphology and zeta potential shows there is no damage along the stability of cells maintained during E4 medium cryopreservation in infertile subjects.

Summary: This is the first study is too established for infertile smokers sperm stability was checked for six months with E4 cryo medium.
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August 2019

Deterioration of semen quality and sperm-DNA integrity as influenced by cigarette smoking in fertile and infertile human male smokers-A prospective study.

J Cell Biochem 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Gene Cloning and Technology Lab, Department of Biotechnology, School of Biosciences and technology, VIT, Vellore, Tamilnadu, India.

In modernized lifestyle smoking is one of the trendy, psychological, and socioeconomic scenarios of young adolescents mainly in the age of the reproductive stage. Based on a number of cigarettes smoked, age, and duration of the smoke, the study aims to search for the profound effects of smoking and its impact on semen parameters, sperm-DNA integrity, and fragmentation of sperm DNA with cotinine and apoptotic caspase-3 marker in the seminal plasma of fertile and infertile smokers. To determine oxidative damage by 8-hydroxy deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) from isolated sperm DNA (steps: reactive oxygen species washing by nitro blue tetrazolium (NBT), sperm lysis, salt digestion, ethanol washing, and finally with high-performance liquid chromatography analysis). Level of DNA fragmentation (percentage) in native and intact DNA, the activity of caspase-3 in infertile smokers will be compared with the control group of nonsmokers. Also, the sperm viability was visualized by eosin-nigrosin and aniline blue staining. Cotinine is one of the best markers of smoking. The cotinine level (2224.24 ± 1.19 *** ng/mL), when abundant it negative correlates with morphology and rapid motility in infertile smokers than nonsmokers. Gel preprogram measured the sperm integrity and was found to be less in smokers than nonsmokers. The spermatic oxidative marker 8-OHdG was high and gave an R value of 0.9104 with morphology and 0.9007 for rapid motility of infertile sperm, respectively. Infertile smoking subjects (<10 cigarettes/day) had significant changes increase in sperm fragmentation, caspase-3, and cotinine while negative impact with motility, morphology, and pH of semen compared with fertile, infertile nonsmoking subjects.
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February 2019

Cadmium effects on sperm morphology and semenogelin with relates to increased ROS in infertile smokers: An in vitro and in silico approach.

Reprod Biol 2018 Jun 3;18(2):189-197. Epub 2018 May 3.

School of Bio Science and Technology, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India. Electronic address:

Smoking releases cadmium (Cd), the metal toxicant which causes an imbalance in reactive oxygen species level in seminal plasma. This imbalance is envisaged to impair the sperm DNA morphology and thereby result in male infertility. In order to correlate this association, we performed in vitro and in silico studies and evaluated the influence of reactive oxygen species imbalance on sperm morphology impairments due to smoking. The study included 76 infertile smokers, 72 infertile non-smokers, 68 fertile smokers and 74 fertile non-smokers (control). Semen samples were collected at regular intervals from all the subjects. Semen parameters were examined by computer assisted semen analysis, quantification of metal toxicant by atomic absorption spectrophotometer, assessment of antioxidants through enzymatic and non-enzymatic methods, diagnosis of reactive oxygen species by nitro blue tetrazolium method and Cd influence on sperm protein by in vitro and in silico methods. Our analysis revealed that the levels of cigarette toxicants in semen were high, accompanied by low levels of antioxidants in seminal plasma of infertile smoker subjects. In addition the investigation of Cd treated sperm cells through scanning electronic microscope showed the mid piece damage of spermatozoa. The dispersive X-ray analysis to identify the elemental composition further confirmed the presence of Cd. Finally, the in-silico analysis on semenogelin sequences revealed the D-H-D motif which represents a favourable binding site for Cd coordination. Our findings clearly indicated the influence of Cd on reactive oxygen species leading to impaired sperm morphology leading to male infertility.
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June 2018