Publications by authors named "Ralph M Matar"

2 Publications

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Incidence and predictors of late atrioventricular conduction recovery among patients requiring permanent pacemaker for complete heart block after cardiac surgery.

Heart Rhythm 2017 12 12;14(12):1786-1792. Epub 2017 Aug 12.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Electrophysiology Section, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio. Electronic address:

Background: New-onset complete heart block (CHB) commonly complicates cardiac surgery, for which some patients require a permanent pacemaker (PPM). Little is known regarding late atrioventricular (AV) conduction recovery.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to characterize the incidence and predictors of late AV conduction recovery among patients requiring PPM after cardiac surgery.

Methods: Consecutive patients receiving PPM for CHB after cardiac surgery at a high-volume U.S. center from 2000 to 2014 were evaluated. The primary outcome was late AV conduction recovery, defined as a reduction in ventricular pacing requirement to <10% beyond 1 month postimplant. Regression analysis was performed to evaluate predictors of AV recovery.

Results: Among 301 patients evaluated over 4 ± 4 years of follow-up, the incidence of late AV conduction recovery was 12% (n = 37), for whom the median ventricular pacing requirement decreased from 96% at implant to <1% at 6 months and persisted throughout study follow-up. AV recovery was less common when preoperative conduction abnormalities were present, including no recovery among patients with preoperative PR >200 ms and QRS >120 ms (n = 42). Multivariable analysis identified only female sex and transient AV conduction postoperatively as independent predictors of recovery (odds ratio 3.5; P <.01 for each). Neither cardiac surgery subtype nor PPM implant timing postoperatively was significantly associated with recovery.

Conclusion: Late AV conduction recovery is not uncommon after cardiac surgery, occurring in 1 of 8 patients within 6 months postoperatively. Preoperative AV conduction abnormalities were associated with decreased recovery, whereas female sex and transient postoperative AV conduction were associated with increased recovery.
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December 2017

: A Validated Scoring System for Early Stratification of Neurologic Outcome After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Treated With Targeted Temperature Management.

J Am Heart Assoc 2017 May 20;6(5). Epub 2017 May 20.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA

Background: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) results in significant morbidity and mortality, primarily from neurologic injury. Predicting neurologic outcome early post-OHCA remains difficult in patients receiving targeted temperature management.

Methods And Results: Retrospective analysis was performed on consecutive OHCA patients receiving targeted temperature management (32-34°C) for 24 hours at a tertiary-care center from 2008 to 2012 (development cohort, n=122). The primary outcome was favorable neurologic outcome at hospital discharge, defined as cerebral performance category 1 to 2 (poor 3-5). Patient demographics, pre-OHCA diagnoses, and initial laboratory studies post-resuscitation were compared between favorable and poor neurologic outcomes with multivariable logistic regression used to develop a simple scoring system (). The score ranges 0 to 5 using equally weighted variables: (): coronary artery disease, known pre-OHCA; (): glucose ≥200 mg/dL; (): rhythm of arrest not ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation; (): age >45; (): arterial pH ≤7.0. A validation cohort (n=344) included subsequent patients from the initial site (n=72) and an external quaternary-care health system (n=272) from 2012 to 2014. The c-statistic for predicting neurologic outcome was 0.82 (0.74-0.90, <0.001) in the development cohort and 0.81 (0.76-0.87, <0.001) in the validation cohort. When subdivided by score, similar rates of favorable neurologic outcome were seen in both cohorts, 70% each for low (0-1, n=60), 22% versus 19% for medium (2-3, n=307), and 0% versus 2% for high (4-5, n=99) scores in the development and validation cohorts, respectively.

Conclusions: stratifies neurologic outcomes following OHCA in patients receiving targeted temperature management (32-34°C) using objective data available at hospital presentation, identifying patient subsets with disproportionally favorable ( ≤1) and poor ( ≥4) prognoses.
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May 2017