Publications by authors named "Rajsekhar Paul"

2 Publications

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Structure and function of purified monoclonal antibody dimers induced by different stress conditions.

Pharm Res 2012 Aug 5;29(8):2047-59. Epub 2012 Apr 5.

Pharma Technical Development Europe (Biologics) Analytics, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., 4070, Basel, Switzerland.

Purpose: To investigate structure and function of different monoclonal antibody (MAb) dimers.

Methods: MAb dimers were induced by process-related, low pH and UV light stress. Dimers were isolated and purified by chromatography and extensively characterized by biochemical, structural and functional methods.

Results: Highly purified dimer forms were obtained which enabled detailed characterization. Dimers induced by process stress were associated by a single non-covalent interaction site between two Fab domains in a characteristic "bone-like" structure observed in Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). These dimers showed reduced potency and antigen binding affinity. Low pH stress generated more stable but also non-covalently associated dimers without chemical alterations in a typical "closed" conformation according to TEM. These dimer species were more compact and more hydrophobic as dimers induced by process stress. They showed bioactivity and antigen binding affinity similar to the native monomer. Light-induced dimers, exhibiting various different conformations, were the most stable dimers with various chemical modifications leading to a broad range in size, charge and hydrophobicity. These dimers fully lost bioactivity and antigen binding affinity.

Conclusion: The use of highly purified MAb dimers and a panel of characterizations methods enabled to obtain a clear picture about molecular architecture and function of dimers.
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August 2012

Electroneutral and electrogenic catalysis by dihaem-containing succinate:quinone oxidoreductases.

Biochem Soc Trans 2008 Oct;36(Pt 5):996-1000

Cluster of Excellence "Macromolecular Complexes", Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max-von-Laue-Strasse 3, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Membrane protein complexes can support both the generation and utilization of a transmembrane electrochemical proton potential (Deltap), either by supporting transmembrane electron transfer coupled to protolytic reactions on opposite sides of the membrane or by supporting transmembrane proton transfer. Regarding the first mechanism, this has been unequivocally demonstrated to be operational for Deltap-dependent catalysis of succinate oxidation by quinone in the case of the dihaem-containing SQR (succinate:menaquinone reductase) from the Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus licheniformis. This is physiologically relevant in that it allows the transmembrane Deltap to drive the endergonic oxidation of succinate by menaquinone by the dihaem-containing SQR of Gram-positive bacteria. In the case of a related but different respiratory membrane protein complex, the dihaem-containing QFR (quinol:fumarate reductase) of the epsilon-proteobacterium Wolinella succinogenes, evidence has been obtained indicating that both mechanisms are combined, so as to facilitate transmembrane electron transfer by proton transfer via a both novel and essential compensatory transmembrane proton transfer pathway ('E-pathway'). This is necessary because, although the reduction of fumarate by menaquinol is exergonic, it is obviously not exergonic enough to support the generation of a Deltap. This compensatory E-pathway appears to be required by all dihaem-containing QFR enzymes and the conservation of the essential acidic residue on transmembrane helix V (Glu-C180 in W. succinogenes QFR) is a useful key for the sequence-based discrimination of these QFR enzymes from the dihaem-containing SQR enzymes.
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October 2008