Publications by authors named "Rajko A Milosevic"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Salvage late plasmapheresis in a patient with pulmonary embolism caused by heparin-induced thrombocytopenia primarily resistant to danaparoid sodium and lepirudin.

J Clin Apher 2006 Dec;21(4):252-5

Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro.

We report the case of 64-year-old female patient with pulmonary embolism and bilateral femoropopliteal deep vein thrombosis caused by heparin-induced thrombocytopenia type II (HIT II) resistant to danaparoid sodium and subsequently administered lepirudin in whom a single late plasmapheresis performed on day 6 of the initiation of treatment of HIT reversed the course of the disease, preventing its highly potential fatal outcome. Primarily administered lepirudin was not only ineffective but even led to further aggravation of the patient's clinical state and platelet count drop in the first stage of the HIT treatment. The improvement of the patient's clinical state was not achieved before therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) had removed the greatest part of pathogenetic circulating substrate. Only after TPE, lepirudin, introduced again, led to the platelet count recovery. In the subsequent course of the treatment, lepirudin was combined with an overlapping oral anticoagulant. Previously positive heparin aggregation test and fast particle gel heparin-platelet factor 4 immunoassay were normalized as well as the patient's clinical status. Early plasmapheresis, administered within 4 days of the onset of thrombocytopenia in HIT, as a beneficial therapeutic measure in certain individual cases, is indisputable. However, our results do not concur with previously reported findings of the so far most comprehensive study on plasmapheresis performed in the management of HIT with thrombosis, discrediting late plasmapheresis administered 4 days after the onset of the disease not only as ineffective, but even as an aggravating factor. Our results suggest the possible beneficial impact of late plasmapheresis as a method that may reverse a prothrombotic process and lead to a fast improvement in the patient's platelet count, especially in cases initially resistant to thrombin inhibitors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jca.20099DOI Listing
December 2006

Clinical significance of optimal red cell mass and plasma volume estimation methods.

Nucl Med Rev Cent East Eur 2004 ;7(1):31-8

Nuclear Medicine Institute, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro.

Background: The aim of this study was to present and compare the results of proposed methods for optimal red cell mass and plasma volume (RCM&PV) estimation, and their influence on the interpretation of obtained results.

Material And Methods: In 120/280 patients with polycythaemia rubra vera, subjected to RCM&PV determination with autologous erythrocytes in vitro labelled with 51Cr-sodium chromate, optimal volumes were determined using: 1. traditional ml/kg of: --the real body weight method (ml/kg RBW); --the optimal body weight method (ml/kg OBW). 2. the body weight, height, and sex based method (Retzlaff's tables), 3. the method recommended by the International Council for Standardization in Haematology (ICSH), based on body surface area.

Results: Different interpretation of the same results of 120 RCM&PV measurements was registered in 48/120 patients (40%). The greatest disagreement existed between ml/kg RBW and ml/kg OBW methods (in 39/120 subjects, 32.5%). In underweight patients the ml/kg RBW method, and in overweight patients the ml/kg OBW method, offered better agreement with ICSH&Retzlaff's methods. The ml/kg RBW method disagreed with ICSH&Retzlaff's methods and ml/kg OBW in 25% and 19.2% of patients respectively. ICSH and Retzlaff's methods disagreed in 10/120 patients (8.3%). The ICSH method yielded significantly lower optimal volumes than Retzlaff's.

Conclusion: Three methods for optimal RCM&PV estimation lead to different interpretations of the same results of RCM&PV measurements with 51Cr-erythrocytes in 40% of patients. Two ml/kg body weight methods show greater disagreement in comparison with ICSH and Retzlaff's methods, which differ significantly. The ICSH method yields lower optimal values compared to Retzlaff's.
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February 2005
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