Publications by authors named "Rajab Ali Sadrkhanlou"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Effect of Satureja essential oil against fertility disorders induced by busulfan in female mice.

Vet Res Forum 2017 15;8(4):281-286. Epub 2017 Dec 15.

Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.

Busulfan is an alkylating agent affects ovarian follicles growth by oxidative stress induction. has antioxidant effects. The aim of this study was to examine whether essential oil (SKEO) exhibits protective effects on busulfan-induced ovarian failure. Eighty-four adult female mice were divided into six groups including dimethyl sulfoxide (control), SKEO 225.00 mg kg (orally), busulfan 3.00 mg kg (orally), busulfan 36.00 mg kg (intraperitoneally), busulfan 3.00 mg kg and SKEO and busulfan 36.00 mg kg and SKEO. After 28 days, the mice were euthanized and oocytes were removed for fertilization (IVF) rate evaluation. Oocyte quantity and quality, fertilization rate and pre-implantation embryo development were daily examined with a stereo microscope in a period of 120 hr. Serum levels of estradiol and progesterone were also evaluated. Busulfan caused significant decreases in oocyte number and quality, fertilization rate, pre-implantation embryo development and embryo quality. The SKEO significantly decreased the adverse effects of busulfan. The present study indicated that SKEO can protect female fertility potential against busulfan induced damages.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5756246PMC
December 2017

PCOS women show significantly higher homocysteine level, independent to glucose and E2 level.

Int J Reprod Biomed 2016 Aug;14(8):495-500

Dr. Tizro Day Care and IVF Center, Urmia, Iran.

Background: It is reasonable to think that some biochemical characteristics of follicular fluid (FF) surrounding the oocyte may play a critical role in determining the quality of oocyte and the subsequent potential needed to achieve fertilization and embryo development.

Objective: This study was carried out to evaluate the levels of FF homocysteine (Hcy) in IVF candidate polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) women and any relationships with FF glucose and estradiol (E2) levels.

Materials And Methods: In this case control study which was performed in Dr. Tizro Day Care and IVF Center 70 infertile patients were enrolled in two groups: comprising 35 PCOS and 35 non PCOS women. Long protocol was performed for all patients. FF Hcy, glucose and E2 levels were analyzed at the time of oocyte retrieval.

Results: It was observed that FF Hcy level was significantly higher in PCOS patients compared with non PCOSs (p<0.01). Observations demonstrated that in PCOS group, the Hcy level increased independent to E2, glucose levels, BMI and age, while the PCOS group showed significantly higher BMI compared with non-PCOS group (p=0.03). However, no significant differences were revealed between groups for FF glucose and E2 levels.

Conclusion: Present data showed that although FF glucose and E2 levels were constant in PCOS and non PCOS patients, but the FF Hcy levels in PCOS were significantly increased (p=0.01).
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5015662PMC
August 2016

Sulpiride-induced hyperprolactinemia in mature female rats: evidence for alterations in the reproductive system, pituitary and ovarian hormones.

Int J Fertil Steril 2014 Jul 8;8(2):193-206. Epub 2014 Jul 8.

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.

Background: The prevalence of hyperprolactinemia following administration of conven- tional antipsychotic drugs requires further investigation. The current study is designed to evaluate the effect of sulpiride (SPD)-induced hyperprolactinemia on alterations to ovarian follicular growth, gonadotropins, and ovarian hormones and to analyze the extent of potential problems in mammary glands.

Materials And Methods: A total of 40 albino Wistar rats were divided into four groups: control (no treatment), control-sham (0.3 ml olive oil), low dose SPD (20 mg/kg) and high dose SPD (40 mg/kg). All compounds were intraperitoneally (IP) administered for a period of 28 days.

Results: After 28 days, we dissected the rats' ovarian tissues, uterine horns and mammary glands which were sent for histological analyses. We counted the numbers of normal, atretic follicles and corpora lutea (CL). Serum levels of prolactin (PRL), estradiol, progesterone, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) were evaluated. SPD-administered animals showed sporadic follicular atresia in different sizes associated with higher numbers of CL on the ovaries. The mammary glands exhibited features of galactorrhea. There was remarkable (p<0.05) elevation in SPD-administered animals' uterine horn endometrium, myometrium and perimetrium thicknesses. The serum levels of PRL and progesterone significantly (p<0.05) increased, while the serum concentration of estradiol, LH and FSH notably (p<0.05) decreased according to the SPD administered dose. No histological and biological changes occurred in control-sham animals. SPD-induced animals had unsuccessful attempts at mating and decreased pregnancy rates.

Conclusion: The present findings suggest that SPD-induced disturbances depend on PRL level. In addition, an increased PRL level is largely dependent on the administered doses of SPD.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4107694PMC
July 2014

Long-term effect of ciprofloxacin on testicular tissue: evidence for biochemical and histochemical changes.

Int J Fertil Steril 2013 Jan 3;6(4):294-303. Epub 2013 Mar 3.

Division of Molecular Epidemiology, Department of Food Hygiene and Quality Control, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.

Background: This research studied the effect of ciprofloxacin (CPFX) on spermatogenesis. We aimed to estimate the effect of CPFX on serum levels of testosterone, LH and FSH.

Materials And Methods: In this experimental study, a total of 24 mice were assigned to controlsham and test groups. We subdivided the test group into low (206 mg/kg) and high (412 mg/kg) dose CPFX groups. Control-sham animals received carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC). All animals were treated orally for 45 days. Cytoplasmic carbohydrate, lipid accumulation, cytoplasmic lipase and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) ratios were examined. Serum levels of luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH ) and testosterone were measured in the control and test groups.

Results: The spermatogenesis cell series exhibited low numbers of cells with periodic acid Schiff (PAS)-positive cytoplasm and higher numbers of cells with lipid-positive foci. The tissue to ALP ratio and germinal epithelium (GE) lipase synthesis increased in CPFX-treated animals. In contrast to the CPFX groups, control animals showed normal cytoplasmic carbohydrate, lipid, lipase and ALP ratios in all cellular layers. In the CPFX-treated groups there was a significantly lower serum testosterone level compared with the control group. The serum levels of FSH and LH in high dosetreated animals decreased.

Conclusion: Our results suggest that following long time CPFX administration major alterations occur in GE intracytoplasmic biochemistry, which may lead to loss of physiological function and ultimately result in fertility problems. CPFX is able to imbalance serum levels of gonadotropins and testosterone levels by affecting Leydig cells.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3850316PMC
January 2013

The effect of ciprofloxacin on sperm DNA damage, fertility potential and early embryonic development in NMRI mice.

Vet Res Forum 2012 ;3(2):131-5

Department of Basic Sciences, Histology and Embryology Section, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran;

Side effects of ciprofloxacin (CPFX), a widely used broad spectrum antibiotic with fluoroquinolone core, have been reported in different organs. In the present study we sought to elucidate the impact of ciprofloxacin on sperm chromatin integrity and sperm DNA damage using Aniline Blue and Acridine Orange technique, respectively. The fertility potential in male mice was also evaluated. NMRI male mice of 8-week old were included in this study and they were randomly divided into three groups. The first group was received low dose (LD) of ciprofloxacin (206 mg kg(-1), PO) and the second was treated with high dose (HD) of ciprofloxacin (412 mg kg(-1), PO) for 45 consecutive days. The control mice were only treated with oral carboxymethyl cellulose for 45 consecutive days. Sperm cells were removed from cauda epididymis and analyzed for chromatin integrity and DNA damage. In addition, the rate of fertilization, two cell embryos, blastocysts, arrested embryos and their types was examined using zygotes cultured in human tubal fluid - bovine serum albumin (HTF-BSA) medium. Concomitant significant increase in DNA damage and protamine deficiency of the sperm cells in ciprofloxacin treated mice were observed (P < 0.05). In addition, the fertilization rate and embryonic development in treated mice were significantly lower than that of control mice, but the embryo arrest rate in treated mice was significantly higher than that of control group (P < 0.001). In conclusion CPFX was able to induce DNA damage and chromatin abnormalities of sperm cells which could be contributed in the observed low fertilization rate and retarded embryonic development.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4312808PMC
February 2015

An investigation on body weights, blood glucose levels and pituitary-gonadal axis hormones in diabetic and metformin-treated diabetic female rats.

Vet Res Forum 2012 ;3(2):79-84

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder which affects whole body systems including reproductive system. Diabetes is also a contributing factor to infertility. Metformin is one of the most common drugs to control hyperglycemia. In this study, 36 adult Sprague-Dawley female rats (170-210 g) were divided into 3 groups (control, diabetic and diabetic-treated by metformin). In second and third groups, diabetes was induced by streptozotocin injection (45 mg kg(-1), IP) and the third group was treated by metformin hydrochloride (100 mg kg(-1) day(-1), PO) for 8 weeks. Body weights were compared and blood glucose, gonadotropins and sexual hormones were measured. In diabetic group the blood glucose level significantly (P < 0.05) increased in comparison with that of control and metformin-treated diabetic rats. The results also revealed that, in the untreated diabetic rats, the mean body weights and pituitary-gonadal axis hormones were significantly (P < 0.05) reduced in comparison with the control. Although there were significant (P < 0.05) reduction in mean body weights in metformin-treated diabetic rats, reduction in pituitary-gonadal axis hormones was not as sharp as in untreated diabetic rats and only level of progesterone was significantly (P < 0.05) reduced in comparison with the control. The results of this investigation revealed that there was a clear relationship between experimental diabetes with body weight and pituitary-gonadal axis hormones, and treatment with metformin relatively restored diabetic complications.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4312800PMC
February 2015

The ultrastructural changes of the sertoli and leydig cells following streptozotocin induced diabetes.

Iran J Basic Med Sci 2012 Jan;15(1):623-35

Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.

Objectives: This investigation was conducted to evaluate the effects of diabetes on the structure and function of testicular tissue.

Materials And Methods: Diabetes was induced in male adult rats by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. Body and testicular weight, hormonal analyses, histological and ultrastructural analyses were measured.

Results: The body and testicular weights were dropped significantly (P< 0.05) in diabetic rats in comparison with control rats. On the other hand, in diabetic rats, the blood glucose level increased significantly (P< 0.05). The blood plasma levels of testosterone, 17-β estradiol, progesterone, FSH and LH were reduced in diabetic rats. Histomorphological studies were revealed reduction in diameter of seminiferous tubules and germinal epithelium height, edema in interstitial tissue, germ cell depletion, decrease in cellular population and activity with disruption of spermatogenesis in diabetic rats. Ultrastructural study showed the mitochondrial change and reduction of smooth endoplasmic reticulum in Sertoli and presence of lipid droplets in Leydig cells of diabetic rat's testes.

Conclusion: The results of the present study confirmed that, the ultrastructural changes of Sertoli and Leydig cells, brought about by streptozotocin induced diabetes, because of the alterations in pituitary gonadotropins, and these changes influence the normal spermatogenesis in rats.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3586873PMC
January 2012

Benefit of Satureja khuzestanica in subchronically rat model of cyclophosphamide-induced hemorrhagic cystitis.

Exp Toxicol Pathol 2010 May 23;62(3):323-30. Epub 2009 Jun 23.

Laboratory of Histology, Department of Embryology and Histology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Iran.

Cyclophosphamide (CP) as a widely used antineoplastic drug causes hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) mainly via induction of oxidative stress. Regarding established antioxidant potential of Satureja khuzestanica (Lamiaceae) essential oil (SKEO), we aimed to investigate its protective effects in a subchronic rat model of CP-induced HC. CP (6mg/kg/day) and SKEO (225mg/kg/day) were administered alone or in combination by gavage for 28 days. Histopathological changes were investigated by light microscopy. Plasma samples were assayed for lipid peroxidation and total antioxidant power as biomarkers of toxic stress. In the CP-treated animals, irregular mucus layer, severe hemorrhage and edema, infiltration of inflammatory cells, and accumulation of mast cells were observed. In the CP+SKEO group, a relatively normal urothelial topography with decreased number of mucosal mast cells and inflammatory cells were observed. Increased lipid peroxidation along with decreased total antioxidant capacity resulting from CP treatment was significantly recovered by SKEO co-treatment. It is concluded that SKEO protects rats from CP-induced HC by reduction of free radical-induced toxic stress. It is strongly recommended to examine SKEO in the clinic to approve its benefit in patients undertaking CP.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.etp.2009.05.005DOI Listing
May 2010