Publications by authors named "Rachel O"

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Maternal and neonatal anthropometric analyses: Determining birth outcomes in low-risk pregnancies at Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2021 Aug 5;154(2):324-330. Epub 2021 Jan 5.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria.

Objective: To assess the input of maternal and neonatal body physique anthropometries to birth outcomes.

Methods: A prospective study of 177 full-term births at Alex Ekwueme Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki from July to December, 2019. Maternal and neonatal anthropometric parameters and birth outcomes: mode of delivery and Apgar score were considered in this study. The measurements followed the guidelines outlined by the Institute of Medicine.

Results: The prevalence of low birth weight (6.21%), cesarean delivery (14.12%), and abnormal Apgar score (9.04%) was relatively low in the study. Birth weight was dependent on maternal age, weight, body mass index, percentage body fat, and waist and hip circumference (P < 0.05). Normal Apgar score at 1 min after birth of male neonates was dependent on maternal BMI and neonatal head circumference whereas abnormal Apgar score in male and female neonates was dependent on maternal age and waist:hip ratio, respectively (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: Maternal and neonatal body physique anthropometries can be used to identify mothers and neonates at risk of having birth complications. This provided a practical alternative means to know the possible risk of undesirable birth outcomes with spontaneous vaginal delivery in low-risk pregnancies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijgo.13527DOI Listing
August 2021
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