Publications by authors named "Rachel A Caravella"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Successful Use of Electroconvulsive Therapy for Catatonia After Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury.

J Acad Consult Liaison Psychiatry 2021 Jan-Feb;62(1):123-130. Epub 2020 Sep 2.

Departments of Psychiatry, Neurology, and Rehabilitation Medicine, NYU Grossman School of Medicine, New York, NY.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psym.2020.08.009DOI Listing
September 2020

Psychopharmacology Prescribing Workshops: A Novel Method for Teaching Psychiatry Residents How to Talk to Patients About Medications.

Acad Psychiatry 2017 Aug 13;41(4):491-496. Epub 2017 Feb 13.

Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.

Objective: Traditional, lecture-based methods of teaching pharmacology may not translate into the skills needed to communicate effectively with patients about medications. In response, the authors developed an interactive course for third-year psychiatry residents to reinforce prescribing skills.

Methods: Residents participate in a facilitated group discussion combined with a role-play exercise where they mock-prescribe medication to their peers. Each session is focused on one medication or class of medications with an emphasis on various aspects of informed consent (such as describing the indication, dosing, expected benefits, potential side effects, and necessary work-up and follow up). In the process of implementing the course at a second site, the original format was modified to include self-assessment measures and video examples of experienced faculty members prescribing to a simulated patient.

Results: The course was initially developed at one site and has since been disseminated to a number of other institutions. Between 2010 and 2016, 144 residents participated in the course at the authors' two institutions. Based upon pre/post surveys conducted with a subset of residents, the course significantly improved comfort with various aspects of prescribing. Although residents may also gain comfort in prescribing with experience (as the course coincides with the major outpatient clinical training year), improvement in comfort-level was also noted for medications that residents had relatively little experience initiating. At the end of the year, half of the residents indicated the course was one of their top three preferred methods for learning psychopharmacology in addition to direct clinical experience and supervision (with none listing didactics).

Conclusion: An interactive prescribing workshop can improve resident comfort with prescribing and may be preferred over a traditional, lecture-based approach. The course may be particularly helpful for those medications that are less commonly used. Based upon our experience, this approach can be easily implemented across institutions..
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40596-017-0662-zDOI Listing
August 2017

A Qualitative Study of Factors Affecting Morale in Psychiatry Residency Training.

Acad Psychiatry 2016 Oct 1;40(5):776-82. Epub 2016 Jun 1.

New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, USA.

Objective: Resident morale is an important yet poorly understood aspect of the residency training experience. Despite implications for program quality, resident satisfaction, patient care, and recruitment, little is known about the variables influencing this complex phenomenon. This study sought to identify important factors affecting morale in psychiatry residency training.

Methods: The authors conducted four semi-structured focus groups at a moderately sized, urban, psychiatry residency program during the 2013-2014 academic year. They used qualitative data analysis techniques, including grounded theory and content analysis, to identify key themes affecting resident morale across training levels.

Results: Twenty-seven residents participated in the focus groups with equal distribution across post-graduate years (PGY) 1-4. Five major conceptual categories affecting resident morale emerged: Sense of Community, Individual Motivators, Clinical Work, Feeling Cared For, and Trust in the Administration.

Conclusions: Morale is an important topic in residency education. The qualitative results suggest that factors related to a Sense of Community and Individual Motivators generally enhanced resident morale whereas factors related to a lack of Feeling Cared For and Trust in the Administration tended to contribute to lower morale. The authors describe the possible interventions to promote stronger program morale suggested by these findings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40596-016-0567-2DOI Listing
October 2016

Impaired visual scanning and memory for faces in high-functioning autism spectrum disorders: it's not just the eyes.

J Int Neuropsychol Soc 2011 Nov 6;17(6):1021-9. Epub 2011 Sep 6.

Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.

Prior studies suggest that autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are associated with a domain-specific memory impairment for faces. The underlying cause of this problem and its relation to impaired visual scanning of faces--particularly of the eyes--remains to be determined. We recorded eye movements while 22 high-functioning ASD and 21 typically developing (TD) adolescents encoded and later recognized faces and objects from a single, nonsocial object category (electric fans). Relative to TD subjects, ASD individuals had poorer memory for faces, but not fans. Correlational analyses showed significant relationships between recognition memory and fixations. Eye tracking during encoding revealed that TD subjects made more fixations to faces than fans, whereas ASD individuals did not differ in number of fixations made to each stimulus type. Moreover, although both the TD and ASD groups showed a strong preference for fixating the eyes more than the mouth, the ASD subjects were less likely than TD subjects to scan regions of the face outside of the primary facial features (i.e., eyes, nose, and mouth). We concluded that ASD individuals have a domain-specific memory impairment for faces relative to mechanical objects and that this impairment may be related to abnormal scanning during encoding.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1355617711000981DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3487596PMC
November 2011