Publications by authors named "R Matthijsen"

20 Publications

Patient-reported outcomes after oesophagectomy in the multicentre LASER study.

Br J Surg 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Oesophago-gastric Centre, Churchill Hospital, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Background: Data on the long-term symptom burden in patients surviving oesophageal cancer surgery are scarce. The aim of this study was to identify the most prevalent symptoms and their interactions with health-related quality of life.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional cohort study of patients who underwent oesophageal cancer surgery in 20 European centres between 2010 and 2016. Patients had to be disease-free for at least 1 year. They were asked to complete a 28-symptom questionnaire at a single time point, at least 1 year after surgery. Principal component analysis was used to assess for clustering and association of symptoms. Risk factors associated with the development of severe symptoms were identified by multivariable logistic regression models.

Results: Of 1081 invited patients, 876 (81.0 per cent) responded. Symptoms in the preceding 6 months associated with previous surgery were experienced by 586 patients (66.9 per cent). The most common severe symptoms included reduced energy or activity tolerance (30.7 per cent), feeling of early fullness after eating (30.0 per cent), tiredness (28.7 per cent), and heartburn/acid or bile regurgitation (19.6 per cent). Clustering analysis showed that symptoms clustered into six domains: lethargy, musculoskeletal pain, dumping, lower gastrointestinal symptoms, regurgitation/reflux, and swallowing/conduit problems; the latter two were the most closely associated. Surgical approach, neoadjuvant therapy, patient age, and sex were factors associated with severe symptoms.

Conclusion: A long-term symptom burden is common after oesophageal cancer surgery.
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May 2021

Lasting Symptoms After Esophageal Resection (LASER): European Multicenter Cross-sectional Study.

Ann Surg 2020 Nov 17. Epub 2020 Nov 17.

Department of Upper GI Surgery, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, UK.

Objective: To identify the most prevalent symptoms and those with greatest impact upon health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among esophageal cancer survivors.

Background: Long-term symptom burden after esophagectomy, and associations with HRQOL, are poorly understood.

Patients And Methods: Between 2010 and 2016, patients from 20 European Centers who underwent esophageal cancer surgery, and were disease-free at least 1 year postoperatively were asked to complete LASER, EORTC-QLQ-C30, and QLQ-OG25 questionnaires. Specific symptom questionnaire items that were associated with poor HRQOL as identified by EORTC QLQ-C30 and QLQ-OG25 were identified by multivariable regression analysis and combined to form a tool.

Results: A total of 876 of 1081 invited patients responded to the questionnaire, giving a response rate of 81%. Of these, 66.9% stated in the last 6 months they had symptoms associated with their esophagectomy. Ongoing weight loss was reported by 10.4% of patients, and only 13.8% returned to work with the same activities.Three LASER symptoms were correlated with poor HRQOL on multivariable analysis; pain on scars on chest (odds ratio (OR) 1.27; 95% CI 0.97-1.65), low mood (OR 1.42; 95% CI 1.15-1.77) and reduced energy or activity tolerance (OR 1.37; 95% CI 1.18-1.59). The areas under the curves for the development and validation datasets were 0.81 ± 0.02 and 0.82 ± 0.09 respectively.

Conclusion: Two-thirds of patients experience significant symptoms more than 1 year after surgery. The 3 key symptoms associated with poor HRQOL identified in this study should be further validated, and could be used in clinical practice to identify patients who require increased support.
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November 2020

Treatment and Outcome of Synchronous Colorectal Carcinomas: A Nationwide Study.

Ann Surg Oncol 2018 Feb 20;25(2):414-421. Epub 2017 Nov 20.

Department of Research, Netherlands Comprehensive Cancer Organisation (IKNL), Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: Synchronous colorectal carcinomas (CRC) occur in 1-8% of patients diagnosed with CRC. This study evaluated treatment patterns and patient outcomes in synchronous CRCs compared with solitary CRC patients.

Methods: All patients diagnosed with primary CRC between 2008 and 2013, who underwent elective surgery, were selected from the Netherlands Cancer Registry. Using multivariable regressions, the effects of synchronous CRC were assessed for both short-term outcomes (prolonged postoperative hospital admission, anastomotic leakage, postoperative 30-day mortality, administration of neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment), and 5-year relative survival (RS).

Results: Of 41,060 CRC patients, 1969 patients (5%) had synchronous CRC. Patients with synchronous CRC were older (mean age 71 ± 10.6 vs. 69 ± 11.4 years), more often male (61 vs. 54%), and diagnosed with more advanced tumour stage (stage III-IV 54 vs. 49%) compared with solitary CRC (all p < 0.0001). In 50% of the synchronous CRCs, an extended surgery was conducted (n = 934). Synchronous CRCs with at least one stage II-III rectal tumour less likely received neoadjuvant (chemo)radiation [78 vs. 86%; adjusted OR 0.6 (0.48-0.84)], and synchronous CRCs with at least one stage III colon tumour less likely received adjuvant chemotherapy [49 vs. 63%; adjusted OR 0.7 (0.55-0.89)]. Synchronous CRCs were independently associated with decreased survival [RS 77 vs. 71%; adjusted RER 1.1 (1.01-1.23)].

Conclusions: The incidence of synchronous CRCs in the Dutch population is 5%. Synchronous CRCs were associated with decreased survival compared with solitary CRC. The results emphasize the importance of identifying synchronous tumours, preferably before surgery to provide optimal treatment.
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February 2018

Autologous transplantation of ischemically injured kidneys in pigs.

J Surg Res 2011 Dec 25;171(2):844-50. Epub 2010 Jun 25.

Department of Surgery, Maastricht University Medical Center, The Netherlands.

Background: Expansion of the organ donor pool can be obtained through novel interventions attenuating ischemic acute kidney injury, which will enable the use of kidneys that suffered prolonged ischemia. In basic science, new therapeutic targets are identified that should be tested in a relevant large animal model before use in human kidney transplantation.

Materials And Methods: The current paper provides a detailed description of the technique of autologous transplantation of ischemically injured kidneys in pigs with special emphasis on perioperative care.

Results: The animal model was validated by showing that renal function after transplantation was proportional to the duration of warm ischemia before organ recovery. The extent of renal dysfunction was reproducible following kidney transplantations with the same warm ischemia time.

Conclusions: Our experience may reduce the learning curves of other research groups taking an interest in the model and improve preclinical testing of novel interventions that modulate renal ischemia and reperfusion injury in kidney transplantation.
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December 2011

Human intestinal ischemia-reperfusion-induced inflammation characterized: experiences from a new translational model.

Am J Pathol 2010 May 26;176(5):2283-91. Epub 2010 Mar 26.

Department of Surgery, NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology, and Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Human intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) is a frequent phenomenon carrying high morbidity and mortality. Although intestinal IR-induced inflammation has been studied extensively in animal models, human intestinal IR induced inflammatory responses remain to be characterized. Using a newly developed human intestinal IR model, we show that human small intestinal ischemia results in massive leakage of intracellular components from ischemically damaged cells, as indicated by increased arteriovenous concentration differences of intestinal fatty acid binding protein and soluble cytokeratin 18. IR-induced intestinal barrier integrity loss resulted in free exposure of the gut basal membrane (collagen IV staining) to intraluminal contents, which was accompanied by increased arteriovenous concentration differences of endotoxin. Western blot for complement activation product C3c and immunohistochemistry for activated C3 revealed complement activation after IR. In addition, intestinal IR resulted in enhanced tissue mRNA expression of IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-alpha, which was accompanied by IL-6 and IL-8 release into the circulation. Expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 was markedly increased during reperfusion, facilitating influx of neutrophils into IR-damaged villus tips. In conclusion, this study for the first time shows the sequelae of human intestinal IR-induced inflammation, which is characterized by complement activation, production and release of cytokines into the circulation, endothelial activation, and neutrophil influx into IR-damaged tissue.
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May 2010