Publications by authors named "Qiu Xia Wang"

31 Publications

Occurrence of postharvest snow rot caused by on Asian ginseng in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 12661, Institute of Special Wild Economic Animal and Plant Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Changchun, Jilin, China;

Asian ginseng () is a valuable medicinal plant that is commercially cultivated in China. A long postharvest storage period is required before ginseng is processed. From October 2019 to May 2020, snow rot was observed on the roots of 4- and 5-year-old fresh ginseng stored in three cold storage facilities located in Tonghua and Changbai cities in northeastern China, which are the most important regions for Asian ginseng production. We sampled 1,000 ginseng roots from the three cold storage facilities, and the average disease incidence was 21%. Initially, sparse hyphae and microsclerotia appeared on the root epidermis. Lesions gradually softened and the epidermis detached easily. Multiple infected sites slowly converged, resulting in the formation of a dense complex of multiple sclerotia and thick hyphae on the surface of the ginseng root as well as internal decay. The infection eventually spread to the adjacent ginseng roots (Fig. 1). Sixteen diseased ginseng roots were collected and then sclerotia were removed from the root surface, immersed in 1% NaClO for 2 min, rinsed three times with sterile water, and placed on potato dextrose agar (PDA) containing streptomycin (40 μg/mL) in Petri dishes. After a 3-day incubation at 20 °C in darkness, 22 suspected Sclerotinia isolates were obtained. Isolates SN1 and SN2 were randomly selected for identification. On PDA, fast-growing colonies produced white, sparse, powdery, and cotton-like aerial mycelia, and the reverse side showed the same color (Fig. 2). Small and white sclerotial primordia formed 3 days later and a ring of sclerotia was detected at the plate periphery. At 7 to 10 days after incubation, the mature sclerotia were black, spherical-to-subspherical, and elongated or fused to form irregular shapes. Each Petri dish produced 55-65 sclerotia, measuring 1.1 × 1.2 to 3.2 × 3.9 mm (n = 100). The sclerotia were firmly attached to the agar surface. The isolates were initially identified as sp. (Saito 1997). After sequencing the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer region (MW927134 and MW927135) and the β-tubulin gene (MW929179 and MW929180) (White et al. 1990; Glass and Donaldson 1995), BLAST searches revealed 100% homology with JX262268 and JX296007 of the published strain KGC-S0601, respectively. The pathogenicity of the two isolates was tested using detached ginseng roots. Briefly, healthy roots were washed, surface-disinfested with 75% alcohol, and rinsed with sterile water. Mycelial plugs (5 mm diameter) removed from the margin of actively growing colonies on PDA were placed on the ginseng roots. For each isolate, four roots were inoculated, with two plugs per root. Additionally, PDA plugs without mycelia were used as the negative control. The roots were placed in a fresh-keeping box at 20 °C in darkness and evaluated after 7 days. The pathogenicity test was repeated twice. The symptoms on the inoculated roots were the same as those observed on the roots during cold storage, whereas the control roots remained symptomless. The same fungus was reisolated consistently from all infected roots and its identity was confirmed by resequencing, thereby fulfilling Koch's postulates. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of causing postharvest snow rot on Asian ginseng in China. The occurrence of this disease threatens the postharvest storage of Asian ginseng. Hence, effective management strategies must be developed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-04-21-0868-PDNDOI Listing
July 2021

Baseline Volumetric T2 Relaxation Time Histogram Analysis: Can It Be Used to Predict the Response to Intravenous Methylprednisolone Therapy in Patients With Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy?

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 25;12:614536. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Department of Radiology, The Affiliated Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science & Technology, Wuhan, China.

Objective: Prediction of therapy response to intravenous methylprednisolone pulses (ivMP) is crucial for thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). Image histograms may offer sensitive imaging biomarkers for therapy effect prediction. This study aimed to investigate whether pretherapeutic, multiparametric T2 relaxation time(T2RT) histogram features of extraocular muscles (EOMs) can be used to predict therapy response.

Materials And Methods: Forty-five active and moderate-severe TAO patients, who were treated with standard ivMP and underwent orbital MRI before therapy, were retrospectively included in this study. The patients were divided into responsive (n = 24, 48 eyes) and unresponsive group(n = 21, 42 eyes) according to clinical evaluation. Baseline clinical features of patients and histogram-derived T2RT parameters of the EOMs were analyzed and compared. Logistic regression model was conducted to determine independent predictors, and a histogram features nomogram was formulated for personalized prediction.

Results: Responsive group displayed lower values for 5, 10 percentiles (P < 0.050, respectively), and higher values for 75, 90, and 95 percentiles, skewness, entropy, and inhomogeneity (P < 0.050, respectively) than unresponsive group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that 95 percentile of >88.1 [odds ratio (OR) = 12.078; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 3.98-36.655, p < 0.001], skewness of >0.31 (OR = 3.935; 95% CI = 2.28-6.788, p < 0.001) and entropy of >3.41 (OR = 4.375; 95% CI = 2.604-7.351, p < 0.001) were independent predictors for favorable response. The nomogram integration of three independent predictors demonstrated optimal predictive efficiency, with a C-index of 0.792.

Conclusions: Pre-treatment volumetric T2RT histogram features of EOMs could function to predict the response to ivMP in patients with TAO. The nomogram based on histogram features facilitates the selection of patients who will derive maximal benefit from ivMP.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2021.614536DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7947366PMC
February 2021

Multi-Locus Phylogeny and Taxonomy of the Fungal Complex Associated With Rusty Root Rot of in China.

Front Microbiol 2020 16;11:618942. Epub 2020 Dec 16.

Engineering Research Center, Chinese Ministry of Education for Edible and Medicinal Fungi, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, China.

Panax rusty root rot caused by the species complex is a devastating disease, and it is one of the main factors contributing to the difficulty in continual cropping. Rusty root rot occurs in all ginseng fields, but little is known about the taxonomy of the fungal pathogen complex, especially and -like species. Rusty root rot samples were collected from commercial ginseng cultivation areas of China, and the pathogens were isolated and purified as single spores. Based on the combination analysis of multiple loci (rDNA-ITS, , , , , LSU, , , and SSU) and morphological characteristics, the pathogens causing ginseng rusty root rot were determined. Fungal isolates were obtained from infected roots in 56 locations within main cultivation areas in China. A total of 766 strains were identified as , -like and species, including (55.0%), (21.7%), (10.9%), (2.0%), (1.3%), (1.3%), (2.0%), (0.5%), sp. (0.5%), and (1.5%), and four novel species, (1.0%), (1.0%), (0.8%) and (0.5%), with a total of 14 species. As the pathogen present in the highest proportion, was the most prevalent and damaging species, unlike the pathogens reported previously. All of the examined strains were proven to cause ginseng rusty root rot. Our results indicate that the taxonomy of the fungal complex associated with ginseng rusty root rot includes , -like genera (, , and ) and .
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2020.618942DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7772391PMC
December 2020

[Platelet-rich plasma combined with core decompression and bone grafting in the treatment of non traumatic necrosis of femoral head in ARCO stageⅡ].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2020 Nov;33(11):1048-52

Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710000, Shaanxi, China.

Objective: To observe the clinical effect of platelet rich plasma (PRP) combined with β tricalcium phosphate bioceramic bone in the treatment of non traumatic necrosis of the femoral head in ARCO stageⅡ.

Methods: From January 2017 to December 2018, 100 patients (160 hips) with ARCO stageⅡnon traumatic necrosis of the femoral head were divided into PRP group and control group. In PRP group, 50 patients (80 hips), 22 males and 28 females, aged from 18 to 65 (43.47± 7.23) years, with a course of 4 to 18 (15.8±2.9) months, underwent core decompression and bone grafting combined with PRP implantation. There were 50 cases (80 hips) in the control group, including 27 males and 23 females, aged 20 to 63 (45.72± 7.43) years, and the course of disease was 6 to 19 (14.9±3.8) months. Hip X-ay film was followed up after operation. Harris score and VAS score were used to evaluate the curative effect, and the survival rate of hip joint was recorded.

Results: All patients had good wound healing, no infection, thrombosis and other complications. All patients were followed up for 12 to 14 (12.0±0.4) months. Twelve months after operation, the image expression of PRP group was better than that of control group(<0.05). Harris hip score and VAS score of pain at twelve months after operation were 89.98±6.17 and 1.68±1.02 in PRP group and 81.62±5.62 and 2.52±1.13 in control group, respectively. The survival rate of 96.25% in PRP group was significantly higher than 86.25% in control group. The postoperative score of two groups was higher than that before operation(<0.05), but PRP group was better than control group at any time point statistical significance (<0.05).

Conclusion: Platelet-rich plasma(PRP) combined with artificialbone for core decompression and bone grafting can change the situation of simple artificial bone implantation and uncertain curative effect, improve the success rate of this operation, effectively reduce the collapse rate of femoral head necrosis in the early and middle stage, delay or even avoid hip replacement.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12200/j.issn.1003-0034.2020.11.012DOI Listing
November 2020

Histogram analysis of T2 mapping for detecting early involvement of extraocular muscles in patients with thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy.

Sci Rep 2020 11 10;10(1):19445. Epub 2020 Nov 10.

Department of Radiology, The Affiliated Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.

Using histogram analysis of T2 values to detect early involvement of extraocular muscles (EOMs) in patients with thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). Five EOMs of each orbit were analyzed for 45 TAO patients and 22 healthy controls (HCs). Patients' EOMs were grouped into involved or normal-appearing EOMs (NAEOMs). Histogram parameters and signal intensity ratios (SIRs) of EOMs were compared; receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to differentiate NAEOMs from EOMs of HCs. 24 patients were reassessed following immunosuppressive treatment. For SIRs, involved muscles showed higher values than those of NAEOMs and HCs (p < 0.05); there were no differences between NAEOMs and HCs (p = 0.26). Parameters of involved muscles showed no different from those of NAEOMs excluding 25th, 50th percentiles, and standard deviation (SD) (p < 0.05). NAEOMs displayed higher values of 90th, 95th percentiles, SD, skewness, inhomogeneity, and entropy than HCs (p < 0.05). ROC curve analysis of entropy yielded the best area under the ROC curve (AUC; 0.816) for differentiating NAEOMs and HCs. After treatment, histogram parameters including 5th, 75th, 90th, and 95th percentiles, SD, kurtosis, inhomogeneity, and entropy were reduced in NAEOMs (p < 0.05). T2 histogram analysis could detect early involvement of EOMs in TAO prior to detection on conventional orbital MRI.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-76341-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7655798PMC
November 2020

Management and Reconfiguration of a Radiology Department under the Threat of Coronavirus Disease 2019: Experience from Wuhan.

Curr Med Sci 2020 Aug 29;40(4):608-613. Epub 2020 Aug 29.

Department of Radiology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430000, China.

The corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an emerging respiratory infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, which first occurred in December 2019 in Wuhan, China. These days, in China, chest CT is used for diagnosis of COVID-19, as an important complement to the reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test. Because of contacting with a large number of suspected or probable cases closely during chest CT examination, radiographers are easily infected with COVID-19. This article included the rearrangement of CT examination room in fever clinic, the rearrangement of human resources in radiology department, and the drafting of new operating procedures for radiologists who carry out CT examination on COVID-19 patients. This article also introduced the emergency management procedures of the department of radiology during the outbreak, and the experience of infection prevention for the staff of the department of radiology.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11596-020-2223-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7412777PMC
August 2020

Fungi isolated from host protocorms accelerate symbiotic seed germination in an endangered orchid species (Dendrobium chrysotoxum) from southern China.

Mycorrhiza 2020 Jul 19;30(4):529-539. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Biology, Plant Conservation and Population Biology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

To ensure long-term survival of epiphytic orchids through active reintroduction, more research on critical life cycle stages such as seed germination and seedling establishment are needed. In this study, we used in vitro germination experiments to investigate the role of mycorrhizal fungi in determining seed germination and growth in the endangered epiphytic orchid species, Dendrobium chrysotoxum. Symbiotic seed germination experiments were conducted for 90 days under different light conditions with fungal strains isolated from protocorms of D. chrysotoxum and three sister species. Molecular analyses showed that five strains belonged to the typical orchid mycorrhizal family Tulasnellaceae, whereas the other two strains belonged to the Sebacinaceae and the genus Coprinellus. Fungal inoculation, light conditions, and their interaction had a significant effect on protocorm formation and seedling development. Three fungal isolates, including two from D. chrysotoxum and one from D. catenatum, significantly stimulated protocorm formation and seedling development under light conditions. However, fungi isolated from host protocorms (GC-14 and GC-15) produced the highest number of seedlings after 50 days (49.5 ± 8.5%, 51.3 ± 9.0%, respectively), while the fungus isolated from D. catenatum protocorms produced the maximum number of seedlings only after 90 days (48.7 ± 16.1%). To conclude, this study has shown that light conditions and the identity of fungi had a strong effect on in vitro seed germination and seedling formation in an epiphytic orchid, with fungi isolated from host protocorms leading to accelerated germination and seedling formation. Therefore, fungal source should be taken into account when using seeds and compatible fungi for seedling propagation and in situ reintroduction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00572-020-00964-wDOI Listing
July 2020

[Changes in serum levels of adipokine after treatment in children with Kawasaki disease].

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2020 Jan;22(1):53-57

Department of Pediatrics, Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212001, China.

Objective: To study the changes in the serum levels of Chemerin and Omentin-1 in children with Kawasaki disease (KD) in the acute stage after intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment and related clinical significance.

Methods: A total of 60 children who were diagnosed with KD from January 2015 to April 2019 were enrolled as subjects. Forty healthy children and 40 children with acute infectious diseases were enrolled as the healthy control group and the infection control group respectively. According to the sensitivity to IVIG treatment, the children with KD were divided into an IVIG sensitive group with 51 children and a non-IVIG sensitive group with 9 children. According to the presence or absence of coronary artery lesion, the children with KD were divided into a CAL group with 13 children and a non-CAL group with 47 children. ELISA was used to measure the serum levels of Omentin-1 and Chemerin before and after the treatment.

Results: The children with KD had significantly higher serum levels of Chemerin and Omentin-1 than the healthy control and infection control groups before treatment (P<0.05). After 48 hours of treatment, the IVIG sensitive group had a significant reduction in the serum level of Chemerin (P<0.05), while there was no significant change in the serum level of Omentin-1 after treatment (P>0.05). Before treatment, the non-IVIG sensitive group had a significantly higher serum level of Chemerin than the IVIG sensitive group (P<0.05), and the CAL group had a significantly higher serum level of Chemerin than the non-CAL group, while there was no significant difference in the serum level of Omentin-1 between the IVIG sensitive and non-IVIG sensitive groups, as well as between the CAL and non-CAL groups (P>0.05).

Conclusions: High serum levels of Chemerin and Omentin-1 may play an important role in the development and progression of KD. Chemerin may be involved in the development of CAL in children with KD. The serum level of Chemerin may be used as a new index for predicting the sensitivity to IVIG treatment.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7389719PMC
January 2020

Differential expression of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory genes of layer chicken bursa after experimental infection with infectious bursal disease virus.

Poult Sci 2019 Nov;98(11):5307-5314

College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Institute of Science and Technology, Xinxiang 453003, China.

Infectious bursal disease (IBD) is one of the most prevalent infectious diseases caused by IBD virus (IBDV), which results in bursal necrosis and immunosuppression that cause severe damage to the immune system in chickens. Cytokines are important mediators and regulators of both types of host responses. In the present study, layer chickens were artificially challenged with IBDV, and the differential expression of inflammatory genes was explored by using quantitative real-time PCR, which offered basic data for further study of IBDV pathogenesis. Data showed that after IBDV infection, the virus load in the bursa of Fabricius (BF) peaked at 96 h and then gradually decreased. Compared with those of the negative-infected group, the mRNA expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (interleukin [IL]-1β, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α, transforming growth factor [TGF]-β) and anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 in the infected group increased to varying degrees at 12 to 192 h, respectively. Furthermore, the IL-1β mRNA expression peaked at 48 h; the mRNA transcript levels of IL-6, IL-8, and IL-10 were the highest at 96 h; TNF-α mRNA expression peaked at 120 h; the IL-7 mRNA expression peaked at 144 h; and the TGF-β mRNA transcript level was the highest at 192 h. Taken together, these observations indicated that along with the change pattern of IBDV proliferation in BF, the mRNA expression of cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-α, TGF-β) obviously increased, and the kinetics of each of these cytokines was different. The kinetics of IL-6/IL-10 mRNA expression ratio was significantly positively correlated with that of the virus load. These results suggest that IBDV infection seriously interferes with the natural immune response mediated by inflammatory cytokines in chickens.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3382/ps/pez312DOI Listing
November 2019

SENP1 has an important role in lung development and influences the differentiation of alveolar type 2 cells.

Int J Mol Med 2019 Jan 29;43(1):371-381. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Pediatrics, Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212000, P.R. China.

Post‑translational modification via small ubiquitin‑like modifier (SUMO) is involved in the regulation of various important cellular processes. SUMO modification can be regulated at the level of conjugation, and can also be reversed by the SUMO‑specific proteases (SENPs). However, current studies of the regulation and function of SENP in lung development remain limited. In this study, the expression levels of SENP1 and SUMO1 were assessed during lung development in rats. SUMO1 modification occurred during lung development and changes in SENP1 expression were consistent with the changes in the presence of free SUMO1. In order to investigate the function of SENP1, alveolar type (AT) 2 cells were transfected with SENP1‑targeting small interfering RNA, and the proliferation, apoptosis and differentiation function of AT2 cells was subsequently evaluated. Marked upregulation of conjugated SUMO1 was observed following SENP1 inhibition. Furthermore, depletion of SENP1 resulted in increased apoptosis, decreased proliferation and impaired differentiation status of AT2 cells. Thus, the results support that SENP1 is an essential regulator of the balance between SUMOylation and deSUMOylation during lung development, specifically affecting the proliferation and differentiation status of AT2 cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2018.3964DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6257850PMC
January 2019

Characterization of the complete mitochondrial genome of three-spined stickleback, .

Mitochondrial DNA B Resour 2018 Sep 27;3(2):1133-1134. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Institute of Science and Technology, Xinxiang, China.

In this study, the complete mitochondrial genome of three-spined stickleback, was determined through sequencing of PCR fragments. The complete mitochondrial genome of was 16,543 bp in length and encoded 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes, and two ribosomal RNA genes. The overall nucleotide composition is: 27.0% A, 28.4% T, 27.4% C, and 17.2% G, with a total G + C content of 44.6%. By phylogenetic analysis using ML method, showed the closest relationship with the blackspotted stickleback ().
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23802359.2018.1473732DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7800355PMC
September 2018

[Dynamic expression and role of SUMO-modified C/EBPα in preterm rats with bronchopulmonary dysplasisa induced by hyperoxia exposure].

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2018 May;20(5):403-409

Department of Pediatrics, Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212001, China.

Objective: To study the expression of SUMO-modified CCAAT enhancer binding protein α (C/EBPα) in preterm rat model of bronchopulmonary dysplasisa (BPD) induced by hyperoxia exposure and its role.

Methods: Eighteen preterm rats were randomly divided into an air group and a hyperoxia group (n=9 each). The model of BPD was prepared in preterm rats exposed to hyperoxia. The rats from the two groups were sacrificed on postnatal days 4, 7 and 14 respectively (3 rats at each time) and lung tissues were harvested. Periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining was used to observe the differentiation of rat lung tissues. Ki67 expression was detected by immunohistochemistry. Western blot was used to measure the protein expression of small ubiquitin-related modifier-1(SUMO1) and C/EBPα. A co-immunoprecipitation assay was performed to measure the protein expression of SUMO-modified C/EBPα.

Results: Compared with the air group, the hyperoxia group showed a decreased glycogen content in the lung tissue on postnatal day 4, and an increased content on postnatal days 7 and 14. Over the time of hyperoxia exposure, the hyperoxia group showed an increased expression of Ki67 in the lung tissue compared with the air group at all time points. Compared with the air group, the protein expression of C/EBPα increased on postnatal day 4 and decreased on postnatal days 7 and 14 in the hyperoxia group (P<0.05). The hyperoxia group had significantly upregulated expression of SUMO1 and SUMO-modified C/EBPα compared with the air group at all time points (P<0.05). In the hyperoxia group, the protein expression of SUMO-modified C/EBPα was positively correlated with the glycogen content (r=0.529, P<0.05) and the expression of Ki67 (r=0.671, P<0.05).

Conclusions: Hyperoxia may induce over-proliferation and differentiation disorders of alveolar epithelial cells in preterm rat model of BPD, possibly through an increased expression of SUMO-modified C/EBP&alpha.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7389059PMC
May 2018

Functional roles of C/EBPα and SUMO‑modification in lung development.

Int J Mol Med 2017 Oct 29;40(4):1037-1046. Epub 2017 Aug 29.

Department of Pediatrics, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212001, P.R. China.

CCAAT enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPα) is a transcription factor regulating the core aspects of cell growth and differentiation. The present study investigated the level and functional role of C/EBPα during the development of the rat lung. C/EBPα protein exhibits a dynamic expression pattern. The correlation between the expression of C/EBPα protein and the content of glycogen during lung maturation was analyzed to understand the function of C/EBPα in lung differentiation. The high expression of C/EBPα coincides with the reduction of glycogen in the fetal lung. In addition, the authors identified that changes in the level of C/EBPα are associated with the secretion of pulmonary surfactant. C/EBPα is modified by small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO) post-translationally. The results of double immunofluorescence staining and immunoprecipitation demonstrated that SUMO-modified C/EBPα was present in the lung. The sumoylated C/EBPα gradually decreased during lung differentiation and was negatively correlated with pulmonary surfactant secretion, thereby suggesting that the SUMO modification may participate in C/EBPα-mediated lung growth and differentiation. These results indicated that C/EBPα played a role in lung development and provided the insight into the mechanism underlying SUMO-modification.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2017.3111DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5593452PMC
October 2017

GRP78 silencing enhances hyperoxia-induced alveolar epithelial cell apoptosis via CHOP pathway.

Mol Med Rep 2017 Aug 2;16(2):1493-1501. Epub 2017 Jun 2.

Department of Pediatrics, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212001, P.R. China.

Hyperoxia is one of the primary causes of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, which may occur in premature infants following supplemental oxygen therapy. Glucose regulated protein 78 (GRP78), which is a molecular chaperone located in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), has been reported to regulate hyperoxia‑associated ER stress. The role of GRP78 in lung epithelial cells during hyperoxia remains to be elucidated. In the present study, the A549 cultured human lung epithelial cell line was exposed to hyperoxic conditions, and then transfected with short interfering (si)RNA targeted to GRP78. siRNA or pEGFP‑N1 plasmid were used to knockdown or overexpress specific genes, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis were used to detect RNA and protein levels of gene expression, and flow cytometry was used to detect apoptosis. The expression levels of ER stress‑associated genes were determined, and a significant increase in C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) expression and apoptosis of A549 cells was observed, following GRP78 knockdown. The overexpression of CHOP downregulated B‑cell lymphoma (Bcl)‑2 expression levels, upregulated BCL2 associated X (Bax), and increased apoptosis of A549 cells under conditions of hyperoxia. CHOP knockdown demonstrated the opposite effect on Bcl‑2 and Bax expression levels. These results suggested that GRP78 silencing promoted lung epithelial cell apoptosis during hyperoxia, via regulation of the CHOP pathway.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2017.6681DOI Listing
August 2017

High-mobility group box-1 and receptor for advanced glycation end products in preterm infants with brain injury.

World J Pediatr 2017 Jun 20;13(3):228-235. Epub 2016 Dec 20.

Department of Pediatrics, the Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, 438 Jiefang Road, Zhenjiang, China.

Background: High-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) protein acts as an important pro-infl ammatory mediator, which is capable of activating inflammation and tissue repair. HMGB1 can bind to its receptor such as advanced glycation end products (RAGE). RAGE, in turn, can promote the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Soluble RAGE (sRAGE) is a truncated form of the receptor comprising the extracellular domain of RAGE and can inhibit RAGE-activation. The objective of this study was to investigate whether HMGB1 and RAGE are involved in the development of brain injury in preterm infants.

Methods: In total, 108 infants ≤34 weeks gestation at birth were divided into 3 groups according to cranial altrasound scan: mild brain damage (n=33), severe brain damage (n=8) and no brain damage (n=67). All the placentas were submitted for pathologic evaluation. Histological chorioamnionitis (HCA) was defined as neutrophil infi ltration of amniotic membranes, umbilical cord or chorionic plate. Expressions of HMGB1 and RAGE proteins were assessed by immunohistochemical analysis. The concentration of HMGB1 and sRAGE in umbilical cord blood were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

Results: The frequency of HCA was 30.12%. HCA was associated with elevated concentrations of HMGB1 and decreased sRAGE in umbilical cord blood. The severe brain injury group demonstrated higher cord blood HMGB1 concentrations (P<0.001) and lower sRAGE concentrations (P<0.001) than both other groups. Brain injury in the premature infants was linked to intense staining for HMGB1/RAGE, particularly in infl ammatory cells.

Conclusions: Changes of cord blood HMGB1 and sRAGE of premature infants had direct relationship with the degree of infl ammation and severity of brain damage. Monitoring sRAGE and HMGB1 levels may be helpful to predict intrauterine infection and brain injury in premature infants.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12519-016-0077-zDOI Listing
June 2017

Changes in endolymphatic hydrops visualized by magnetic resonance imaging after sac surgery.

J Huazhong Univ Sci Technolog Med Sci 2016 Oct 18;36(5):736-740. Epub 2016 Oct 18.

Department of Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, China.

The purpose of the study was to observe changes in endolymphatic hydrops by using intratympanic injection of gadolinium and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before and after endolymphatic sac surgery in patients with unilateral Meniere's disease. Thirteen patients with unilateral Meniere's disease undergoing endolymphatic sac surgery were retrospectively and prospectively analyzed. Three-dimensional fluid-attenuated inversion recovery or three-dimensional real inversion recovery MRI was performed 24 h after an intratympanic injection of gadolinium to grade the presence of endolymphatic hydrops. Among the 13 patients with hydrops confirmed by preoperative MRI, vestibular hydrops had no significant change in all patients; cochlear hydrops became negative in 2 patients, and remained unchanged in the other 11 patients after surgery. Definite vertigo attacks were substantially controlled in one patient and completely controlled in 12 patients during a follow-up period of 8-34 months after surgery. The hearing levels were improved in 3 patients, remained unchanged in 7 patients, and decreased in 3 patients. In conclusion, endolymphatic sac surgery does not always alleviate endolymphatic hydrops in patients with Meniere's disease. Relief from vertigo cannot always be attributed to the remission of hydrops. A change in hearing levels cannot be explained by hydrops status alone.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11596-016-1654-zDOI Listing
October 2016

[Association between endoplasmic reticulum stress pathway mediated by inositol-requiring kinase 1 and AECII apoptosis in preterm rats induced by hyperoxia].

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2016 Sep;18(9):867-873

Department of Pediatrics, Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212001, China.

Objective: To study the association between endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) pathway mediated by inositol-requiring kinase 1 (IRE1) and the apoptosis of type II alveolar epithelial cells (AECIIs) exposed to hyperoxia.

Methods: The primarily cultured AECIIs from preterm rats were devided into an air group and a hyperoxia group. The model of hyperoxia-induced cell injury was established. The cells were harvested at 24, 48, and 72 hours after hyperoxia exposure. An inverted phase-contrast microscope was used to observe morphological changes of the cells. Annexin V/PI double staining flow cytometry was performed to measure cell apoptosis. RT-PCR and Western blot were used to measure the mRNA and protein expression of glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78), IRE1, X-box binding protein-1 (XBP-1), and C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP). An immunofluorescence assay was performed to measure the expression of CHOP.

Results: Over the time of hyperoxia exposure, the hyperoxia group showed irregular spreading and vacuolization of AECIIs. Compared with the air group, the hyperoxia group showed a significantly increased apoptosis rate of AECIIs and significantly increased mRNA and protein expression of GRP78, IRE1, XBP1, and CHOP compared at all time points (P<0.05). The hyperoxia group had significantly greater fluorescence intensity of CHOP than the air group at all time points. In the hyperoxia group, the protein expression of CHOP was positively correlated with the apoptosis rate of AECIIs and the protein expression of IRE1 and XBP1 (r=0.97, 0.85, and 0.88 respectively; P<0.05).

Conclusions: Hyperoxia induces apoptosis of AECIIs possibly through activating the IRE1-XBP1-CHOP pathway.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7389971PMC
September 2016

Contribution of Histologic Chorioamnionitis and Fetal Inflammatory Response Syndrome to Increased Risk of Brain Injury in Infants With Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes.

Pediatr Neurol 2016 08 10;61:94-98.e1. Epub 2016 May 10.

Department of Pediatrics, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, China.

Background: To determine the association of histologic chorioamnionitis (HCA) and fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS) with brain injuries in infants born to mothers with preterm premature rupture of membranes.

Methods: A total of 103 singleton infants born to mothers with preterm premature rupture of membranes were enrolled. The placental inflammation was confirmed by HCA, and FIRS was defined in fetuses with preterm labor and an elevation of the fetal plasma interleukin-6 concentration. Examination of brain images was conducted to confirm the existence of brain injuries. Based on placental HCA and umbilical cord blood interleukin-6 level, all patients were divided into three groups: HCA(-)FIRS(+), HCA(+)FIRS(-), and HCA(+)FIRS(+).

Results: Among all infants with preterm premature rupture of membranes, 53.40% were exposed to HCA, 20.38% experienced FIRS, and the overall incidence of brain injuries was 38.83%. The incidence of brain injury in HCA(-)FIRS(+), HCA(+)FIRS(-), and HCA(+)FIRS(+) groups were 20.83%, 41.18%, and 76.19%, respectively. HCA at the advanced grades and stages was associated with increased risk of brain injury. Umbilical cord blood levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) in premature infants with brain injuries were significantly higher than in those without brain injuries. Infants diagnosed with both HCA and FIRS showed significantly higher levels of IL-8, TNF-α, and G-CSF than those with HCA alone.

Conclusions: Preterm infants exposed to severe chorioamnionitis had an increased risk of brain injury. IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, and G-CSF in cord blood were associated with brain injuries in preterm infants and may be used as extradiagnostic criteria.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2016.05.001DOI Listing
August 2016

Identification and characterization of DcUCGalT1, a galactosyltransferase responsible for anthocyanin galactosylation in purple carrot (Daucus carota L.) taproots.

Sci Rep 2016 06 6;6:27356. Epub 2016 Jun 6.

State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, College of Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, China.

Purple carrots (Daucus carota ssp. sativus var. atrorubens Alef.) accumulate large amounts of cyanidin-based anthocyanins in their taproots. Cyanidin can be glycosylated with galactose, xylose, and glucose in sequence by glycosyltransferases resulting in cyanidin 3-xylosyl (glucosyl) galactosides in purple carrots. The first step in the glycosylation of cyanidin is catalysis by UDP-galactose: cyanidin galactosyltransferase (UCGalT) transferring the galactosyl moiety from UDP-galactose to cyanidin. In the present study, a gene from 'Deep purple' carrot, DcUCGalT1, was cloned and heterologously expressed in E. coli BL21 (DE3). The recombinant DcUCGalT1 galactosylated cyanidin to produce cyanidin-3-O-galactoside and showed optimal activity for cyanidin at 30 °C and pH 8.6. It showed lower galactosylation activity for peonidin, pelargonidin, kaempferol and quercetin. It accepted only UDP-galactose as a glycosyl donor when cyanidin was used as an aglycone. The expression level of DcUCGalT1 was positively correlated with anthocyanin biosynthesis in carrots. The enzyme extractions from 'Deep purple' exhibited galactosylation activity for cyanidin, peonidin and pelargonidin, while those from 'Kuroda' (a non-purple cultivar) did not.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep27356DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4893604PMC
June 2016

Activation of the endoplasmic reticulum stress pathway involving CHOP in the lungs of rats with hyperoxia‑induced bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

Mol Med Rep 2015 Sep 22;12(3):4494-4500. Epub 2015 Jun 22.

Department of Pediatrics, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212001, P.R. China.

The molecular pathomechanisms underlying bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) remain to be fully elucidated, however, lung injury is considered to be a key event. The present study was performed to determine the role of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and investigate the apoptosis of alveolar epithelial cells in a BPD rat model. A total of 48 preterm Sprague‑Dawley rats were randomly divided into a control group and a hyperoxia group. The rats in the BPD group were exposed to 85% hyperoxia, while the rats in the control group were exposed to room air. A total of eight rats in each group were sacrificed 7, 14 or 21 days after exposure. The expression levels of 78‑kDa glucose‑regulated/binding immunoglobulin protein (GRP78) and CCAAT/enhancer binding protein homologous protein (CHOP) in the lung tissues were examined using immunohistochemistry, and the mRNA and protein levels of GRP78 and CHOP were detected using reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analyses, respectively. In addition, the levels of apoptosis in the lung cells were evaluated suing terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase‑mediated dUTP nick‑end labeling. It was demonstrated that the mRNA and protein levels of GRP78 and CHOP, and the levels of cell apoptosis in the hyperoxia group differed significantly from those in the control group (P<0.05) at different time‑points, and increased with extension of the duration of hyperoxic exposure. These data demonstrated that the ER stress pathway, involving CHOP, is activated and is important in the pathogenesis of BPD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2015.3979DOI Listing
September 2015

[Relationship between placental inflammation and fetal inflammatory response syndrome and brain injury in preterm infants].

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2015 Mar;17(3):217-21

Department of Pediatrics, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212001, China.

Objective: To explore the relationship between histological chorioamnionitis (HCA) and fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS) and brain injury in preterm infants.

Methods: One hundred and three singleton infants with premature rupture of membranes (PROM) (gestation ages of less than 34 weeks) were enrolled. All the placentas were submitted for pathological evaluation. Umbilical cord blood interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 8 (IL-8), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) levels were measured with liquid chip. All preterm infants accepted brain imaging examinations. Based on the placental pathological examination and umbilical cord blood level of IL-6, the 103 infants were classified into HCA⁻ FIRS⁻, HCA⁺ FIRS⁻, and HCA⁺ FIRS⁺ groups.

Results: The incidences of HCA, FIRS, and brain injury were 53.4%, 20.4% and 38.8% respectively. The prevalence of brain injury in HCA⁻ FIRS⁻, HCA⁺ FIRS⁻, and HCA⁺ FIRS⁺ cases was 21%, 41%, and 76% respectively (P<0.01). The grade 2 and grade 3 of placental inflammation and the inflammation at stage 2 and stage 3 increased the risk of brain injury. The cord blood levels of IL-8, TNF-α, and G-CSF in the HCA⁺ FIRS⁺ group were significantly higher than in the other two groups, and the levels of the above parameters in the HCA⁺ FIRS⁻ were higher than in the HCA⁻ FIRS⁻ group (P<0.05).

Conclusions: Placental inflammation and FIRS are associated with brain injury in preterm infants. Preterm infants exposed to severe placental inflammation have an increased risk of brain injury. Cord blood IL-8, TNF-α and G-CSF may be involved in the process of brain injury in preterm infants with placental inflammation and FIRS.
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March 2015

Isotropic three-dimensional fast spin-echo Cube magnetic resonance dacryocystography: comparison with the three-dimensional fast-recovery fast spin-echo technique.

Neuroradiology 2015 Apr 13;57(4):357-65. Epub 2015 Jan 13.

Department of Radiology, Tongji Hospital, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1095 Jiefang Avenue, Qiaokou District, Wuhan, 430030, People's Republic of China.

Introduction: Three-dimensional fast spin-echo Cube (3D-FSE-Cube) uses modulated refocusing flip angles and autocalibrates two dimensional (2D)-accelerated parallel and nonlinear view ordering to produce high-quality volumetric image sets with high-spatial resolution. Furthermore, 3D-FSE-Cube with topical instillation of fluid can also be used for magnetic resonance dacryocystography (MRD) with good soft tissue contrast. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technical quality and visualization of the lacrimal drainage system (LDS) when using the 3D-FSE-Cube sequence and the 3D fast-recovery fast spin-echo (FRFSE) sequence.

Methods: In total, 75 patients with primary LDS outflow impairment or postsurgical recurrent epiphora underwent 3D-FSE-Cube MRD and 3D-FRFSE MRD at 3.0 T after topical administration of compound sodium chloride eye drops. Two radiologists graded the images from either of the two sequences in a blinded fashion, and appropriate statistical tests were used to assess differences in technical quality, visibility of ductal segments, and number of segments visualized per LDS.

Results: Obstructions were confirmed in 90 of the 150 LDSs assessed. The technical quality of 3D-FSE-Cube MRD and 3D-FRFSE MRD was statistically equivalent (P = 0.871). However, compared with 3D-FRFSE MRD, 3D-FSE-Cube MRD improved the overall visibility and the visibility of the upper drainage segments in normal and obstructed LDSs (P < 0.001). There was a corresponding increase in the number of segments visualized per LDS in both groups (P < 0.001).

Conclusion: Compared with 3D-FRFSE MRD, 3D-FSE-Cube MRD potentially improves the visibility of the LDS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00234-014-1484-2DOI Listing
April 2015

Toxicity Assessment of Cadinene Sesquiterpenes from Eupatorium adenophorum in Mice.

Nat Prod Bioprospect 2014 Dec 12. Epub 2014 Dec 12.

Department of Pesticides, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Ministry of Agriculture, and State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Beijing, 100193, People's Republic of China.

This study evaluated toxic efficacy of Eupatorium adenophorum extracts, against the Kunming mice. In acute study, we firstly tested median lethal dose (LD) in mice of three cadinene sesquiterpenes 2-deoxo-2-(acetyloxy)-9-oxoageraphorone (DAOA), 9-oxo-agerophorone (OA) and 9-oxo-10,11-dehydro-agerophorone (ODA) from Eupatorium adenophorum (Ea). DAOA (215-4640 mg/kg BW, given orally) showed lowest LD at 926 mg/kg BW for male mice in contrast with OA (1470 mg/kg BW) and ODA (1470 mg/kg BW). In sub-acute study, repeated doses (75-300 mg/kg BW, for 7 days) of DAOA/OA increased blood parameters, liver and spleen index in dose dependent relationship, along with decrease in thymus index. The blood biochemical and histopathological examination showed that DAOA/OA dose 300 mg/kg BW significantly causes pathological changes of hepatic lobules and hepatocytes, which are consistent with cholestasis and hepatic injury. 75 mg/kg dose of DAOA/OA was found to be approximately/totally safe over the span of 7 days treatment showing no change in all above described parameters. Cadinene sesquiterpenes guarantee low risk to environment as a type of low toxic botanical components, which may find potential application in biopesticides development field.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13659-014-0050-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4327999PMC
December 2014

Diagnostic performance of the three-dimensional fast spin echo-Cube sequence in comparison with a conventional imaging protocol in evaluation of the lachrymal drainage system.

Eur Radiol 2015 Mar 15;25(3):635-43. Epub 2014 Oct 15.

Department of Radiology, Tongji Hospital, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, People's Republic of China,

Objectives: To compare the three-dimensional (3D)-fast spin-echo (FSE)-Cube with a conventional imaging protocol in evaluation of dacryostenosis.

Methods: Thirty-three patients with epiphora underwent examinations using Cube magnetic resonance dacryocystography (MRD) and a conventional protocol, which included 3D fast-recovery fast spin-echo (FRFSE) MRD and two-dimensional (2D)-FSE sequences at 3.0 T. Using lachrymal endoscopic findings as the reference standard, we calculated the sensitivity and specificity of both protocols for detecting lachrymal drainage system (LDS) obstruction and their accuracies in depicting the level of obstruction. Comparable coronal and axial images were selected for bot sequences. Two neuroradiologists graded paired images for blurring, artefacts, anatomic details, and overall image quality.

Results: The two methods showed no significant difference in sensitivity (89.5 % vs. 94.7 %; p =0.674), specificity (64.3 %; p =1) or accuracy (86.8 %; p =1) in detecting or depicting LDS obstruction. Blurring and artefacts were significantly better on 2D-FSE images (p <0.01 and p <0.05, respectively). Anatomic details were significantly better on Cube reformats (p <0.001). No significant difference existed in overall image quality (p >0.05).

Conclusions: In comparison with the conventional protocol, Cube MRD demonstrates satisfactory image quality and similar diagnostic capability for cases of possible LDS disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-014-3462-9DOI Listing
March 2015

Resistance to β-lactam antibiotic may influence nanH gene expression in Trueperella pyogenes isolated from bovine endometritis.

Microb Pathog 2014 Jun-Jul;71-72:20-4. Epub 2014 May 4.

College of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang 110866, PR China. Electronic address:

Virulence could be modulated by many instinctive and environmental factors including oxygen, osmolarity and antimicrobial agents. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between drug resistance and the nanH expression in Trueperella pyogenes (T. pyogenes). Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 6 β-lactam antimicrobial agents (penicillin G, amoxicillin, oxacillin, cefazolin, ceftiofur, and ampicillin) against T. pyogenes were tested by standard broth dilution method according to the protocols of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI), and real-time fluorescent quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was selected to investigate the mRNA expression levels of the nanH in T. pyogenes. All the isolates were resistant to atleast 2 of antimicrobial agents, and multidrug resistance (resistance to atleast 3 antimicrobials) was observed in 84.38% (27/32) of isolates. The mRNA expression levels of the nanH were significantly higher in comparison with that in ATCC19411, as the resistance profile enlarged, the nanH mRNA expression levels decreased in T. pyogenes. These results indicated that β-lactam antibiotic resistance in T. pyogenes may alter the expression of the nanH.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2014.04.006DOI Listing
January 2015

In vitro growth and carbon utilization of the green-leaved orchid Dendrobium officinale are promoted by mycorrhizal associations.

Bot Stud 2013 Dec 28;54(1):23. Epub 2013 Aug 28.

Key Laboratory of Economic Plants and Biotechnology, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, 650201, China.

Background: Mycorrhizal associations play a key role in the life cycle and evolutionary history of orchids. All orchids grow from extremely small seeds that are lacking in reserves, and germination and growth into an underground heterotrophic, achlorophyllous stage depend upon symbiotic fungi to provide nutrient. However, the nutritional physiology between this symbiosis and green-leaved orchids is still unclear. To understand further how these associations affect growth and carbon utilization of green orchids, the green orchids were inoculated with two symbiotic fungi isolated from the roots of a wild orchid (Dendrobium officinale) in vitro and C stable isotope signature experiments were designed to analyze carbon nutrition acquisition.

Results: After two months, both fungi had formed mycorrhizal associations with the host roots. Moreover, the growth rate was more rapid for the mycorrhizal seedlings than for the non-mycorrhizal seedlings. The mycorrhizal seedlings not only absorbed more C from the substrate, but also the S3-mycorrhizal seedlings assimilated more atmospheric CO due to significantly higher effective quantum yield of photosystem II, compared with the non-mycorrhizal seedlings. These results suggested that the green orchids could receive more C nutrition from the substrate due to symbiotic fungi, and photosynthesis capacity of the green D. officinale could be enhanced by the S3 fungus, therefore carbon nutrition acquisition also increased. As a result, the S1- and S3- mycorrhizal seedlings showed markedly higher biomass and polysaccharides contents than the non-mycorrhizal seedlings.

Conclusions: These results improve our understanding of the mycorrhizal functioning in the green Dendrobium and show some potential application in the cultivation of D. officinale.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1999-3110-54-23DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5430334PMC
December 2013

High-spatial-resolution isotropic three-dimensional fast-recovery fast spin-echo magnetic resonance dacryocystography combined with topical administration of sterile saline solution.

Eur J Radiol 2013 Sep 29;82(9):1546-51. Epub 2013 May 29.

Department of Radiology, Tongji Hospital, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, PR China.

Objective: This study aims to investigate the clinical performance of three-dimensional (3D) fast-recovery fast spin-echo (FRFSE) magnetic resonance dacryocystography (MRD) with topical administration of sterile saline solution for the assessment of the lacrimal drainage system (LDS).

Methods: A total of 13 healthy volunteers underwent both 3D-FRFSE MRD and two-dimensional (2D)-impulse recovery (IR)-single-shot fast spin-echo (SSFSE) MRD after topical administration of sterile saline solution, and 31 patients affected by primary LDS outflow impairment or postsurgical recurrent epiphora underwent 3D-FRFSE MRD and conventional T1- and T2-weighted sequences. All patients underwent lacrimal endoscopy or surgery, which served as a standard of reference for confirming the MRD findings.

Results: 3D-FRFSE MRD detected more visualized superior and inferior canaliculi and nasolacrimal duct than 2D-IR-SSFSE MRD. Compared with 2D-IR-SSFSE MRD, 3D-FRFSE MRD showed more visualized segments per LDS, although the difference was not statistically significant. Significant improvements in the inferior canaliculus and nasolacrimal duct visibility grades were achieved using 3D-FRFSE MRD. 3D-FRFSE MRD had 100% sensitivity and 63.6% specificity for detecting LDS obstruction. In 51 out of the 62 LDSs that were assessed, a 90% agreement was noted between the findings of 3D-FRFSE MRD and lacrimal endoscopy in detecting the obstruction level.

Conclusion: 3D-FRFSE MRD combined with topical administration of sterile saline solution is a simple and noninvasive method of obtaining detailed morphological and functional information on the LDS. Overall, 3D-FRFSE MRD could be used as a reliable diagnostic method in many patients with epiphora prior to surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2013.04.013DOI Listing
September 2013

Evaluation of the combination of 1,3-dichloropropene and dazomet as an efficient alternative to methyl bromide for cucumber production in China.

Pest Manag Sci 2012 Apr 6;68(4):602-9. Epub 2012 Jan 6.

Department of Pesticide, Key Laboratory of Pesticide Chemistry and Application, Plant Protection Institute of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Background: The combination of 1,3-dichloropropene (1,3-D) and dazomet (DZ) offers a potential alternative to methyl bromide (MB) for soil disinfection. MB is scheduled to be withdrawn from routine use by 2015 in developing countries. Combination treatments of 1,3-D + DZ were evaluated in a laboratory study and in two commercial cucumber fields.

Results: Laboratory studies found that nearly all of the tested combinations of 1,3-D and DZ displayed positive synergistic activity on root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.), two major soilborne fungi (Fusarium spp. and Phytophthora spp.) and the seeds of two major weed species (Digitaria sanguinalis and Abutilon theophrasti). Field trials revealed that the combination of 1,3-D and DZ (at 10 + 25 g m(-2) ) successfully suppressed Meloidogyne spp. root galling, sharply reduced Fusarium spp. and Phytophthora spp. and maintained high cucumber yields. The combination treatment of 1,3-D + DZ was more effective than 1,3-D or DZ alone and provided results similar to methyl bromide with respect to pest control, plant mortality, plant height, yield and income. All of the treatments were significantly better than the non-treated control.

Conclusion: The results indicate that the tested combination of 1,3-D and DZ offers an efficient alternative to methyl bromide for cucumber production.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ps.2303DOI Listing
April 2012

[Pretreatment methods of urine proteomics in children with primary nephrotic syndrome].

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2011 Feb;13(2):157-60

Department of Nephrology, Teaching Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Peking University, Beijing 100020, China.

Objective: To optimize a pretreatment method of urine proteomics in children with primary nephrotic syndrome.

Methods: Urine from children with primary nephrotic syndrome was treated in different pH and isolated by cold acetone precipitation for different durations. Then the amounts and kinds of proteins were compared by quantify, SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) in order to optimize a way to deal with urine protein.

Results: Most proteins were obtained at pH 2.7. The amounts of protein precipitated by acetone for 0.5 hr was obviously less than those precipitated for 1 and 2 hrs (P<0.05), while there was no significant difference between the amount of protein precipitated for 1 and for 2 hrs. Protein precipitated by cold acetone for 1 hr at pH 2.7 was selected as the best pretreatment method. Satisfactory 2-DE maps can be acquired.

Conclusions: Urine protein can be best obtained at pH 2.7 and precipitated by cold acetone for 1 hr.
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February 2011

[The value of MSCT and MRI in the diagnosis of hepatic veno-occlusive disease].

Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi 2010 Feb;18(2):150-2

Department of Radiology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1007-3418.2010.02.018DOI Listing
February 2010
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