Publications by authors named "Qirong Qin"

9 Publications

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Association of child maltreatment and bullying victimization among chinese adolescents: The mediating role of family function, resilience, and anxiety.

J Affect Disord 2021 Nov 22;299:12-21. Epub 2021 Nov 22.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, No. 81 Meishan Road, Hefei 230032, Anhui, China; Center for Evidence-Based Practice, Anhui Medical University, No. 81 Meishan Road, Hefei 230032, Anhui, China. Electronic address:

Background: Among adolescents, child maltreatment is linked to being bullied at school. Nevertheless, little is known about the mediating mechanisms underlying this association. Therefore, our research aimed to explore and evaluate the potential mediators of the relationship between child maltreatment and bullying victimization among Chinese adolescents.

Methods: From October to December 2020, a population-based cross-sectional survey was conducted among 6247 adolescents (3401 males, 2846 females) in Anhui Province, China. The subjects of the survey were elementary and middle school students from grades 4 to 9. The data were collected through self-report questionnaires. Pearson correlation and linear regression were used to examine the relationships among child maltreatment, bullying victimization, family function, resilience, and anxiety. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was employed to conduct mediation analyses.

Results: The results indicated that child maltreatment positively predicted the later bullying victimization of adolescents. Resilience and anxiety were each shown to separately mediate this relationship. Moreover, the sequential mediating effects of family function, resilience, and anxiety also mediated the predictive effect of child maltreatment on bullying victimization.

Conclusions: Resilience and anxiety were both shown to be important independent mediators for the relationship between child maltreatment and bullying victimization. Furthermore, the combined mediating effects of family function, resilience, and anxiety were also of great significance. These findings provide additional evidence that family and individual factors are critical to understanding bullying victimization. Effective prevention and intervention strategies for school bullying should target family and individual vulnerabilities in adolescents.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2021.11.053DOI Listing
November 2021

[Prevalence of hypertension and its influencing factors in rural areas along the Yangtze River in Anhui Province in 2014-2015].

Wei Sheng Yan Jiu 2017 Nov;46(6):913-917

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230032, China.

Objective: To investigate the prevalence, awareness, treatment, control and related influence factors of hypertension among rural adult residents in areas along the Yangtze River in Anhui Province.

Methods: Totally 2873 rural adult residents in seven typical towns along the Yangtze River of Chizhou, Tongling and Ma'anshan Cities, Anhui Province were selected, with multistage-stratified random cluster sampling, to perform questionnaires and physical measurements from year 2014 to 2015.

Results: The prevalence of hypertension was 30. 7%( standardized prevalence was 18. 4%), the awareness rate was 50. 6%( standardized rate was 29. 0%), the treatment rate was40. 4%( standardized rate was 18. 7%), the control rate was 17. 7%( standardized ratewas 9. 3%) in rural areas along the Yangtze River in Anhui Province. The prevalence, awareness, treatment and control rates of hypertension were increased with age increase. Abdominal obesity( OR = 1. 855, 95% CI 1. 467-2. 344), family history of hypertension( OR = 1. 594, 95% CI 1. 265-2. 008), the average annual household income < 60 000 yuan and increased BMI were risk factors of hypertension in rural areas along the Yangtze River. Female( OR = 0. 734, 95% CI 0. 604-0. 891) was its protective factors. While the factors of awareness, treatment and control rates of hypertension were not same.

Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertension is higher in the areas along the Yangtze River in Anhui Province. However, the awareness, treatment and control rate of hypertension are lower.
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November 2017

Frailty index and its associations with self-neglect, social support and sociodemographic characteristics among older adults in rural China.

Geriatr Gerontol Int 2018 Jul 1;18(7):987-996. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China.

Aim: The frailty index is used to measure the health status of older individuals. However, its association with self-neglect, social support and sociodemographic characteristics of older adults is underexplored. The purpose of the present study was to explore such associations among the rural older adults in Anhui Province of China, and to provide scientific evidence for policy-makers to improve the health and well-being of older adults in rural China.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was undertaken among 3048 older adults in rural China. The frailty index was measured by an accumulation of deficits of 40 items. Ordinal logistic regression models were carried out to explore the associations of self-neglect, social support and sociodemographic characteristics with the frailty index.

Results: The frailty rate was 15.8% among the participants. Older adults who showed self-neglect, were female, had a lower education level, had a lower monthly income and did not drink alcohol were more prone to having frailty in the 60-76 years age group, whereas older adults who showed self-neglect, had poor social support, were female, were not smokers and did not drink alcohol were more likely to have frailty in the ≥77 years age group (P < 0.05). The interaction effect on frailty between self-neglect and social support was found in the 60-76 years age group.

Conclusions: Age differences were shown in the associations between self-neglect, social support, sociodemographic characteristics and frailty index, which suggests different measures should be used accordingly for frailty prevention and management. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2018; 18: 987-996.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ggi.13280DOI Listing
July 2018

Chronic pain and its association with obesity among older adults in China.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2018 May - Jun;76:12-18. Epub 2018 Feb 7.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China; Center for Evidence-Based Practice, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: There is a paucity of epidemiological data on chronic pain and obesity among older adults. This study attempted to present the characterization of chronic pain and its association with obesity among the Chinese elderly.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was undertaken among 6524 elderly individuals aged ≥60 years in China. Chronic pain was identified by self-reports based on the definition from the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP). Body Mass Index (BMI) was measured to assess obesity. Binary logistic regression analysis was performed to explore the association between obesity and chronic pain.

Results: The prevalence of chronic pain was 49.8%. The legs/feet (25.5%), back (23.2%), and neck/shoulder (14.6%) were the most salient locations for chronic pain. Compared with normal weight, subjects with overweight (OR = 1.234, 95%CI = 1.100-1.384) and obesity (OR = 1.715, 95%CI = 1.418-2.073) were considerably more likely to have chronic pain after adjusting for covariates (p < .05). Age was not significantly associated with chronic pain (p > .05). Further analyses revealed that the associations between chronic pain and obesity were restricted to the legs/feet and back.

Conclusion: Chronic pain is common among older adults in China. Understanding the role of obesity in chronic pain is important for preventing and treating chronic pain.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2018.01.009DOI Listing
March 2019

Depressive Symptoms Were Prevalent Among Left-Behind Women in Ma'anshan, China.

J Nerv Ment Dis 2016 Mar;204(3):226-32

*Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei; †Ma'anshan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Ma'anshan; and ‡Bowang Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Bowang Town, Ma'anshan, Anhui, China.

The present study was aimed at exploring the prevalence and factors associated with depressive symptoms among left-behind women in China. A sample of 938 participants (439 left-behind women and 499 non-left-behind women) was surveyed with self-rating questionnaire. The scores of depressive symptoms were higher in the left-behind women; and the overall prevalence of depressive symptoms was 34.54% for all participants and 46.69% for the left-behind women (mild, 40.77%; moderate/major, 5.92%). The status of left-behind is an independent risk factor of depressive symptoms in rural women. The multinomial logistic regression in the left-behind women indicated age, religious belief, annual individual income, impulsiveness, and active coping were associated with mild depressive symptoms; whereas age, religious belief, domestic violence, and active coping were associated with moderate/major depressive symptoms. Results suggest that depressive symptoms were prevalent among the left-behind women. The findings should be considered for the psychological intervention in the left-behind women.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0000000000000444DOI Listing
March 2016

Depressive Symptoms Were Prevalent Among Left-Behind Women in Ma'anshan, China.

J Nerv Ment Dis 2016 Mar;204(3):226-32

*Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei; †Ma'anshan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Ma'anshan; and ‡Bowang Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Bowang Town, Ma'anshan, Anhui, China.

The present study was aimed at exploring the prevalence and factors associated with depressive symptoms among left-behind women in China. A sample of 938 participants (439 left-behind women and 499 non-left-behind women) was surveyed with self-rating questionnaire. The scores of depressive symptoms were higher in the left-behind women; and the overall prevalence of depressive symptoms was 34.54% for all participants and 46.69% for the left-behind women (mild, 40.77%; moderate/major, 5.92%). The status of left-behind is an independent risk factor of depressive symptoms in rural women. The multinomial logistic regression in the left-behind women indicated age, religious belief, annual individual income, impulsiveness, and active coping were associated with mild depressive symptoms; whereas age, religious belief, domestic violence, and active coping were associated with moderate/major depressive symptoms. Results suggest that depressive symptoms were prevalent among the left-behind women. The findings should be considered for the psychological intervention in the left-behind women.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0000000000000444DOI Listing
March 2016

Acceptability of early anti-retroviral therapy among HIV-infected people in Anhui province in China.

AIDS Care 2015 26;27(5):669-74. Epub 2014 Nov 26.

a Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health , Anhui Medical University , Hefei , China.

We investigated the acceptability of early anti-retroviral therapy (ART) among HIV-infected people in Anhui Province, China. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 11 convenience selected cities of Anhui Province from September 2012 to December 2013. Study participants were convenience recruited from local Centers for Disease Control and Prevention when they attended for CD4(+) cell counts testing and HIV counselling. Answers to questionnaires were obtained through face-to-face structured interviews. Factors influencing the acceptability of early ART were identified by multiple logistic regression analysis. A total of 287 HIV-infected people met the criteria and completed the survey. The acceptability of early ART was 65.2%. The results of multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that the acceptability of early ART was associated with the following factors: CD4(+) T cell count (above 750 cells/µL vs. 350 cells/µL to 550 cells/µL: OR = 0.144, P < 0.001), years of HIV diagnosis confirmation (1 year to 5 years vs. <1 year: OR = 0.418, P = 0.005; above 5 years vs. <1 year: OR = 0.160, P < 0.001), whether had sexual behaviour after HIV diagnosis confirmation (yes vs. no: OR = 2.342, P = 0.005) and the awareness of two early ART-related questions (OR = 4.101, P = 0.015; OR = 3.294, P < 0.001). In summary, the present study showed that most HIV-infected people can accept early ART. Early ART interest in Anhui HIV-infected population was high. The awareness of early ART-related knowledge in HIV-infected population was low and should be improved to achieve higher acceptability and keep adherence to early ART for HIV prevention.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2014.983042DOI Listing
August 2015

HIV, syphilis, and condom use among female drug users in Maanshan, China.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2010 Aug;110(2):158-9

Institute of Dermatology, Anhui Medical University, Anhui, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijgo.2010.03.015DOI Listing
August 2010

Condom use and knowledge among married women in rural areas of China.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2009 May 7;105(2):175-6. Epub 2009 Feb 7.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijgo.2008.12.011DOI Listing
May 2009
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