Publications by authors named "Qiangyong Yan"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Single Dose of SHR-1222, a Sclerostin Monoclonal Antibody, in Healthy Men and Postmenopausal Women With Low Bone Mass: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Dose-Escalation, Phase I Study.

Front Pharmacol 2021 20;12:770073. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

National Clinical Research Center for Metabolic Diseases, Key Laboratory of Diabetes Immunology, Ministry of Education, and Department of Metabolism and Endocrinology, The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, China.

SHR-1222 is a humanized monoclonal antibody targeting sclerostin and has the potential to promote bone formation and reduce bone resorption. This study was aimed to assess the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and immunogenicity of SHR-1222 in healthy men and postmenopausal women with low bone mass (BMD). It was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-escalation, phase I study. Subjects received SHR-1222 at 50, 100, 200, 300, and 400 mg sequentially or matching placebo subcutaneously. Totally, 50 subjects with low BMD were enrolled and randomly assigned; 10 received placebo and 40 received SHR-1222 (50 mg, n = 4; 100, 200, 300, or 400 mg, n = 9). The most common adverse events that occurred at least 10% higher in subjects with SHR-1222 treatment than those with placebo were decreased blood calcium, blood urine present, increased blood cholesterol, electrocardiogram T wave abnormal, urinary tract infection, increased blood pressure diastolic, and positive bacterial test. All the above adverse events were mild in severity and well resolved except one of increased blood cholesterol in a subject lost to follow-up. The serum SHR-1222 concentration increased in a dose-dependent manner. Administration of SHR-1222 upregulated the bone-formation markers N-terminal propeptide of type 1 procollagen, osteocalcin, and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, while downregulated the bone-resorption marker β-C-telopeptide. The BMD at the lumbar spine notably rose after a single dose of SHR-1222. The largest increase occurred in the 400 mg cohort (3.8, 6.7, and 6.1% on day 29, 57, and 85, respectively; compared with 1.4, 0.8, and 1.0% in the placebo group). Although 10.0% of subjects receiving SHR-1222 tested positive for anti-SHR-1222 antibodies, no obvious effects of antibody formation were found on pharmacokinetics. Overall, SHR-1222 was well tolerated at doses from 50 to 400 mg and is a promising new remedy for osteoporosis. http://www.clinicaltrials.gov, NCT03870100.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2021.770073DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8564351PMC
October 2021

Evaluation of bioequivalence between generic and brand-name clozapine in Chinese schizophrenic patients: A randomized, two-period, crossover study.

Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 2021 Aug;59(8):578-584

Objective: Clozapine is the most effective therapy for schizophrenia. This study compared the bioequivalence of a generic formulation of clozapine (ChangZhou Pharmaceutical Factory Co. Ltd. Jiangsu, China) to the brand name formulation (Clozaril, HLS Therapeutics, Inc., Philadelphia, PA, USA) after multiple doses in Chinese schizophrenic patients.

Materials And Methods: This was a randomized, open-label, multiple-dose, 2-way crossover study in which patients with schizophrenia received the generic clozapine or Clozaril 100 mg twice daily for 10 days before crossing over to the alternate formulation for the next 10 days. Blood samples were collected at regular intervals during each treatment period, and plasma concentration of clozapine was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography.

Results: 26 patients were enrolled, of whom 24 completed the study and were included in the steady-state analyses. The mean AUC was 6,003.29 h×ng/mL for generic clozapine and 6,347.53 h×ng/mL for Clozaril. The mean C was 698.52 ng/mL for generic clozapine and 739.75 ng/mL for Clozaril. The ratio of the adjusted geometric means and its 90% CI of the ratios for AUC was 96.24% (89.60 - 103.36%), and for C was 95.90% (88.91 - 103.44%). A total of 66 adverse events were reported by 22 (84.62%) subjects. Among them, 34 occurred in 17 (65.38%) patients during dosing of generic clozapine, and 32 occurred in 16 (61.54%) patients during dosing of brand-name clozapine.

Conclusion: The result demonstrated that the generic clozapine was bioequivalent to brand-name clozapine (Clozaril). This would provide physicians with reassurance that patients who receive the studied generic clozapine will achieve similar plasma drug concentrations to those of brand-name clozapine (Clozaril).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5414/CP203864DOI Listing
August 2021
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