Publications by authors named "Preethi Padmanaban"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Resolution of hyperthyroidism and thyroid antibodies following struma ovarii resection: an uncommon entity.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Apr 15;14(4). Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA

We report a case of 34-year-old clinically asymptomatic woman who had been followed for 6 years for hyperthyroidism with thyroid stimulating hormone <0.006 uIU/mL, free T4 1.98 ng/mL, free T3 5.3 pg/mL, elevated thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin 1.70 IU/L, thyroid peroxidase antibody 38 IU/mL and thyroglobulin antibody 9.3 IU/mL. Radioiodine thyroid scan showed minimal uptake in both thyroid lobes (24-hour uptake was 0.3%). She subsequently underwent evaluation for lower abdominal pain and menstrual irregularities, which revealed a large left ovarian cyst measuring 15.9 cm × 10.8 cm × 13.2 cm and right-sided ovarian cyst measuring 2.7 cm × 3.3 cm × 3.5 cm. Laparoscopic bilateral ovarian cystectomy was performed and the final pathology revealed struma ovarii of the left ovarian cyst with the entire ovarian tumour made up of benign thyroid tissue. Thyroid function tests performed 3 months after surgical removal of struma ovarii showed euthyroidism. We present a rare case with detailed laboratory and immunological data before and after ovarian extirpation with resolution of hyperthyroidism associated with functional struma ovarii.
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April 2021

Autoimmune switch from hyperthyroidism to hypothyroidism in Graves' disease.

BMJ Case Rep 2020 Nov 3;13(11). Epub 2020 Nov 3.

Endocrinology, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, The George Washington University, Washington, District of Columbia, USA

We report a case of a 21-year-old young woman who was initially diagnosed with hyperthyroidism secondary to Graves' disease and spontaneously switched to hypothyroidism in a year. While most autoimmune hypothyroidism is due to Hashimoto's disease, in her case, we suspect that her hypothyroidism is due to a switch of antibody dominance from thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor-stimulating antibody (TS Ab) to TSH receptor-blocking antibody (TB Ab). Switching from dominant TS Ab activity to dominant TB Ab activity is a rare phenomenon. Optimal management of this condition is not known. Loss of follow-up and medication non-adherence has made medical management in this young woman of reproductive age further challenging.
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November 2020