Publications by authors named "Prateek V Jain"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Fabricating Flaps in the Forearm Prior to Tracheal Reconstruction.

Indian J Plast Surg 2021 Jan 30;54(1):53-57. Epub 2020 Nov 30.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, TATA Medical Center, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

 The process of reconstruction of tracheal defects is complex and still not optimum. Options range from using staged reconstructions, combining flaps with autologous or alloplastic implants, as well as use of tissue-engineered constructs combined with vascularized tissues which are lined with cell cultures. Staged reconstructions using prelaminated epithelium, and prefabricated flaps, help in reconstruction of this complex structure. Prefabricating the flap at a different site allows for integration of the tissues prior to its transfer.  This article reports two patients planned for tracheal reconstruction for the purpose of advanced papillary carcinoma of the thyroid invading the trachea. Staged reconstruction using a prefabricated radial artery forearm flap (RAFF) and split rib cartilage was performed. In the second patient, a young girl, a similar construct of the RAFF, prelaminated with buccal mucosa, was performed. However, in the latter case, an intraoperative decision by the head and neck team to limit excision of the trachea sparing the mucosa was taken; the reconstruct in the forearm was redundant and needed to be discarded, replacing the defect with a free superficial circumflex iliac artery perforator (SCIP) flap.  At 3 years follow-up, both the patients are free of disease, with the construct serving its purpose in the older female.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1721522DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8012785PMC
January 2021

Radiation-induced hypothyroidism in patients of oral squamous cell carcinoma: A retrospective analysis of 195 patients.

Indian J Cancer 2021 Jan 27. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Tata Medical Center, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Background: Radiation-induced hypothyroidism (RIH) is common after neck irradiation, and biochemical evaluation of thyroid function is recommended periodically for early diagnosis and treatment. This study aimed to evaluate the predictors of RIH after completion of adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) for primary oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).

Methods: This is a retrospective study involving 195 patients who received RT after surgery for OSCC between August 2011 and December 2016. Thyroid function tests were obtained every 6 months and patients were considered to be hypothyroid if thyroid-stimulating hormone level was >5 mIU/mL.

Results: The study cohort comprised 130 men with a median age of 52 years (range 21-77 years). About 107 (54.87%) patients developed hypothyroidism, with a median of 21 months (range 2-67 months) for the development of RIH. Women [41 (63.1%) versus 66 (50.8%), p=0.035], addition of chemotherapy [36 (63.2%) versus 71 (51.4%), p= 0.019], and higher cumulative dose to the thyroid gland (median dose 4690 cGy versus 2981 cGy, P < 0.001) resulted in higher incidence of RIH on univariate analysis. On multivariate Cox regression analysis, female sex (P = 0.042), bilateral irradiation (P = 0.046), and cumulative dose to the thyroid (P = 0.001) were factors associated with increased risk of developing RIH.

Conclusion: The addition of chemotherapy, high dose of radiation to the thyroid gland, bilateral irradiation, and female sex were at higher risk of developing RIH. However, more studies are required to identify the dose-volume constraints of the thyroid gland.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijc.IJC_946_19DOI Listing
January 2021

Redefining adequate margins in oral squamous cell carcinoma: outcomes from close and positive margins.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Apr 2;277(4):1155-1165. Epub 2020 Jan 2.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Tata Medical Center, Calcutta, West Bengal, 700160, India.

Purpose: Adequacy of surgical margins impacts outcomes in oral cancer. We sought to determine whether close and positive margins have different outcomes in patients with oral cancer.

Methods: Retrospective data from 612 patients with oral carcinoma were analyzed for the effect of margin status on locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRFS), disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS).

Results: A total of 90 cases (14.7%) had close margins and 26 patients (4.2%) had positive margins. Recurrences were documented in 173 patients (28%), of which 137 (22% of the study sample) were locoregional, and 164 patients (27%) had died. Among patients with close or positive margins, a cutoff of 1 mm optimally separated LRFS (adjusted p = 0.0190) and OS curves (adjusted p = 0.0168) whereas a cutoff of 2 mm was sufficient to significantly separate DFS curves (adjusted p = 0.0281).

Conclusions: Patients with oral carcinoma with positive margins (< 1 mm) had poorer outcomes compared to those with close margins (1-5 mm) in terms of LRFS, DFS and OS. There is a suggestion that a cutoff of < 2 mm might provide slightly more separation for DFS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-019-05779-wDOI Listing
April 2020

Clinicopathologic Determinants of Outcome in Pathologic T4a (pT4a) Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Gingivobuccal Subsite of the Oral Cavity.

Indian J Surg Oncol 2019 Dec 27;10(4):594-599. Epub 2019 Jun 27.

1Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Tata Medical Center, Kolkata, West Bengal 700160 India.

Carcinoma of the gingivobuccal complex is one of the most common cancers in India and patients usually present in an advanced stage. There is limited data in literature regarding the factors predicting outcome in pathological T4a patients. In this study, we aimed to study the clinic-pathological factors which may influence treatment outcomes in pT4a patients. This is a retrospective study of 121 patients who underwent surgery for oral squamous cell carcinoma between August 2011 and December 2016, staged pT4a. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were analyzed for variables including age, depth of invasion, margin status, differentiation, nodal status, extranodal spread, lymphovascular and perineural spread, and adjuvant treatment. The study cohort comprised 93 males with mean age 60.28 years (S.D. 11.25). Median DFS was 21 months (range 9 to 2374 days) whereas median OS was 24.5 months (range 9 to 2374 days). On univariate analysis, lymphovascular invasion, perineural invasion, cervical nodal metastasis, and extranodal extension had a statistically significant effect on both DFS and OS. On multivariate analysis, age ( = 0.014) and adjuvant radiotherapy ( = 0.010) were the statistically significant factors affecting OS. None of the factors affected DFS on multivariate analysis. Patients staged pT4a with cervical nodal metastasis, extranodal extension, lymphovascular invasion, and perineural invasion have reduced OS and DFS. On multivariate analysis, lower age at presentation and adjuvant radiation improved patient outcome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13193-019-00950-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6895327PMC
December 2019

Unusual loco-regional presentation in papillary carcinoma of thyroid: A case series.

Indian J Cancer 2019 Oct-Dec;56(4):325-329

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Tata Medical Center, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Background: Papillary carcinoma of thyroid (PTC) is usually indolent with good prognosis and excellent long-term survival. However, PTC sometimes presents itself in unusual situations, posing diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Owing to paucity of data, there is lack of consensus as to what treatment should be prescribed in patients with loco-regional spread other than the usual sites.

Materials And Methods: Six patients of PTC presenting with involvement of the aero-digestive tract, retropharyngeal, and para-pharyngeal lymph nodes and great vessels of the neck are included in this case series.

Results And Conclusion: Though rare, unusual loco-regional presentation of PTC poses challenges in diagnosis and treatment. A keen clinical sense is paramount in effectively diagnosing these cases. Aggressive surgical resection and reconstruction results in good functional and aesthetic outcomes. Further studies are required for establishing specific guidelines on the approach to the treatment of these cases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijc.IJC_368_18DOI Listing
February 2020

Chronic Invasive Fungal Granuloma-A Diagnostic Dilemma in an Immunocompetent Host.

Iran J Otorhinolaryngol 2016 Jan;28(84):83-8

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Government Medical College, Aurangabad, India.

Introduction: Invasive fungal sinusitis, though considered to be rare entity, is nowadays frequently encountered, not only in immunocompromised patients but also in immunocompetent patients. The changing prevalence towards immunocompetent hosts is due to the indiscriminate usage of broad spectrum antibiotics, steroids, and immunosuppressive drugs. Diagnosing invasive fungal sinusitis should not pose any difficulty to both the clinician [a whitish colour secretion in elderly Diabetics, and CT Scan PNS showing concretion in the sinus along with destruction of the surrounding bone] and to the pathologist; however, when the invasive fungal sinus infection presents in a form of a granuloma then its diagnosis imposes a challenge to medical professionals.

Case Report: We are presenting a case study,which consists of 3 cases of chronic invasive fungal sinus infection.Two patients were treated for tuberculoma and had completed a course of Anti Koch's Treatment and one patient was given a trial of broad spectrum antibiotics and steroids.Eventually all cases were diagnosed as a chronic invasive form of fungal granuloma (CIFG).

Conclusion: CIFG of the paranasal sinuses is seen in immunocompetent hosts, especially those that are in the 2nd and 3rd decades of their lives. Gradually progressive proptosis is the primary presenting symptom. MRI scanning is a better imaging modality compared to CT scanning. Routine H&E staining may prove inadequate and special stains such as the GMS stain should be employed in the slightest doubt of a fungal aetiology. A team approach towards patients is paramount for early diagnosis and timely medical and surgical intervention.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4735622PMC
January 2016

Ossiculoplasty: a prospective study of 80 cases.

Iran J Otorhinolaryngol 2014 Jul;26(76):143-50

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Government Medical College, Aurangabad , India.

Introduction: The use of ossicular graft material in ossicular chain reconstruction has significantly improved hearing results hearing after tympanoplasty and tympanomastoid surgery for chronic otitis media. Today, otologists have a wide array of tools from which to choose, but may find it difficult to know which middle ear implant works best.

Materials And Methods: A prospective study of 80 patients who underwent ossiculoplasty was performed in the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) department at a tertiary health care facility from 2011 to 2013. Patients with chronic suppurative otitis media with an air-bone gap (ABG) of >25 dB with ossicular involvement were included in the study. Total ossicular replacement prosthesis (TORP), partial ossicular replacement prosthesis (PORP), and refashioned incus were used. Success was defined as ABG <25 dB on postoperative Day 90.

Results: The majority patients were of middle age with moderate conductive hearing loss. Incus was the most susceptible ossicle. Overall success rate in this study was 80.0% with an average change of 15.76 dB in ABG.

Conclusion: With continuing advances in our understanding of middle ear mechanics, the results of ossiculoplasty are improving and results can be very rewarding in experienced hands. Severity of preoperative ear discharge, preoperative mastoid cellularity, presence of disease, and surgical procedure proved to be significant prognostic factors. Autograft incus and PORP fared better when the malleus handle was present while TORP gave better results when the malleus handle was eroded.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4087853PMC
July 2014