Publications by authors named "Pranee Numchaisrika"

12 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Characterization of stem cells from human ovarian follicular fluid; a potential source of autologous stem cell for cell-based therapy.

Hum Cell 2021 Mar 4;34(2):300-309. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Human ovarian follicular fluid (HOFF) contains proteins, extracellular matrixes necessary for growth and maturation of oocytes as well as granulosa cells. Epithelial cells and stem cells can be isolated from HOFF. However, information regarding stem cells derived from HOFF is still lacking. The objectives of the present study were to isolate, characterize, and differentiate cells derived from HOFF. HOFF was collected during the routine aspiration of oocytes in an assisted fertilization program and subjected to cell isolation, characterization, and in vitro culture. After 24 h of culture, different cell morphologies including epithelial-like-, neural-like- and fibroblast-like cells were observed. Immunocytochemistry reveals the expression of pluripotent stem cell markers (OCT4, NANOG, SSEA4), epithelial marker (CK18), FSH- and LH-receptor. For in vitro culture, the isolated cells were continuously cultured in a growth medium; alpha MEM containing 10% FBS and epidermal growth factor (EGF). After 2 weeks of in vitro culture, cells with fibroblast-like morphology dominantly grow in the culture vessels and resemble mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). HOFF-derived cells exhibited MSC expression of CD44, CD73, CD90, CD105, CD146, and STRO-1, and were capable of differentiation into osteoblasts, chondrocytes, and adipocytes. After induction of neural differentiation, HOFF-derived cells formed spheroidal structures and expressed neural stem cell markers including Nestin, β-tubulin III, and O4. Besides, the oocyte-like structure was observed after prolonged culture of HOFF. In conclusion, cells derived from follicular fluid exhibited stem cell characteristics, which could be useful for regenerative medicine applications and cell-based therapies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13577-020-00439-2DOI Listing
March 2021

Human Caesarean scar-derived feeder cells: a novel feeder cell type for culturing human pluripotent stem cells without exogenous basic fibroblast growth factor supplementation.

Reprod Fertil Dev 2020 Jun;32(9):822-834

Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research Center, Reproductive Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, 1873 Rama 4, Bangkok 10330, Thailand; and Corresponding author. Email:

In a feeder-dependent culture system of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs), coculture with mouse embryonic fibroblasts may limit the clinical use of hPSCs. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of using human Caesarean scar fibroblasts (HSFs) as feeder cells for the culture of hPSCs. HSFs were isolated and characterised and cocultured with hPSCs, and the pluripotency, differentiation ability and karyotypic stability of hPSCs were determined. Inactivated HSFs expressed genes (including inhibin subunit beta A (INHBA), bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4), fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGFB1), collagen alpha-1(I) (COL1A1) and fibronectin-1 (FN1) that have been implicated in the maintenance of hPSC pluripotency. When HSFs were used as feeder cells, the pluripotency and karyotypic stability of hPSC lines did not change after prolonged coculture. Interestingly, exogenous FGF2 could be omitted from the culture medium when HSFs were used as feeder cells for hESCs but not hiPSCs. hESCs cocultured with HSF feeder cells in medium without FGF2 supplementation maintained their pluripotency (as confirmed by the expression of pluripotency markers and genes), differentiated invitro into embryonic germ layers and maintained their normal karyotype. The present study demonstrates that HSFs are a novel feeder cell type for culturing hPSCs and that supplementation of exogenous FGF2 is not necessary for the Chula2.hES line.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/RD19128DOI Listing
June 2020

Transgene-free human induced pluripotent stem cell line (HS5-SV.hiPS) generated from cesarean scar-derived fibroblasts.

Stem Cell Res 2016 Jan 27;16(1):10-3. Epub 2015 Nov 27.

Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research Center, Reproductive Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Transgene-free human HS5-SV.hiPS line was generated from human cesarean scar-derived fibroblasts using temperature-sensitive Sendai virus vectors carrying Oct4, Sox2, cMyc and Klf4 exogenous transcriptional factors. The viral constructs were eliminated from HS5-SV.hiPS line through heat treatment. Transgene-free HS5-SV.hiPS cells expressed pluripotent associated transcription factors Oct4, Nanog, Sox2, Rex1 and surface markers SSEA-4, TRA-1-60 and OCT4. HS5-SV.hiPS cells formed embryoid bodies and differentiated into three embryonic germ layers in vivo. HS5-SV.hiPS cells maintained their normal karyotype (46, XX) after culture for extended period. HS5-SV.hiPS displayed the similar pattern of DNA fingerprinting to the parenteral scar-derived fibroblasts.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scr.2015.11.006DOI Listing
January 2016

Human Umbilical Cord Blood-Derived Serum for Culturing the Supportive Feeder Cells of Human Pluripotent Stem Cell Lines.

Stem Cells Int 2016 29;2016:4626048. Epub 2015 Dec 29.

Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research Center, Reproductive Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand.

Although human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) can proliferate robustly on the feeder-free culture system, genetic instability of hPSCs has been reported in such environment. Alternatively, feeder cells enable hPSCs to maintain their pluripotency. The feeder cells are usually grown in a culture medium containing fetal bovine serum (FBS) prior to coculture with hPSCs. The use of FBS might limit the clinical application of hPSCs. Recently, human cord blood-derived serum (hUCS) showed a positive effect on culture of mesenchymal stem cells. It is interesting to test whether hUCS can be used for culture of feeder cells of hPSCs. This study was aimed to replace FBS with hUCS for culturing the human foreskin fibroblasts (HFFs) prior to feeder cell preparation. The results showed that HFFs cultured in hUCS-containing medium (HFF-hUCS) displayed fibroblastic features, high proliferation rates, short population doubling times, and normal karyotypes after prolonged culture. Inactivated HFF-hUCS expressed important genes, including Activin A, FGF2, and TGFβ1, which have been implicated in the maintenance of hPSC pluripotency. Moreover, hPSC lines maintained pluripotency, differentiation capacities, and karyotypic stability after being cocultured for extended period with inactivated HFF-hUCS. Therefore, the results demonstrated the benefit of hUCS for hPSCs culture system.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4626048DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4709772PMC
February 2016

Triploid human embryonic stem cells derived from tripronuclear zygotes displayed pluripotency and trophoblast differentiation ability similar to the diploid human embryonic stem cells.

J Reprod Dev 2016 Apr 28;62(2):167-76. Epub 2016 Jan 28.

Reproductive Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Because the diploid human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) can be successfully derived from tripronuclear zygotes thus, they can serve as an alternative source of derivation of normal karyotype hESC lines. The aim of the present study was to compare the pluripotency and trophoblast differentiation ability of hESCs derived from tripronuclear zygotes and diploid hESCs. In the present study, a total of 20 tripronuclear zygotes were cultured; 8 zygotes developed to the blastocyst stage and 1 hESC line was generated. Unlike the previous studies, chromosomal correction of tripronuclear zygotes during derivation of hESCs did not occur. The established line carries 3 sets of chromosomes and showed a numerical aberration. Although the cell line displayed an abnormal chromosome number, it was found the cell line has been shown to be pluripotent with the ability to differentiate into 3 embryonic germ layers both in vitro and in vivo. The expression of X inactive specific transcript (XIST) in mid-passage (passage 42) of undifferentiated triploid hESCs was detected, indicating X chromosome inactivation of the cell line. Moreover, when this cell line was induced to differentiate toward the trophoblast lineage, morphological and functional trophoblast cells were observed, similar to the diploid hESC line.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1262/jrd.2015-113DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4848574PMC
April 2016

The ROCK inhibitor Y-26732 enhances the survival and proliferation of human embryonic stem cell-derived neural progenitor cells upon dissociation.

Cells Tissues Organs 2013 19;198(2):127-38. Epub 2013 Oct 19.

Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research Center, Reproductive Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Human neural progenitor cells (hNPCs) are the starting material required for neuronal subtype differentiation. Proliferation of hNPCs allows researchers to study the mechanistic complexities and microenvironments present during neural differentiation and to explore potential applications for hNPCs in cell therapies. The use of enzymatic dissociation during hNPC proliferation causes dissociation-induced apoptosis; therefore, in the present study, we examined the effect of the p-160-Rho-associated coiled-coil kinase (ROCK) inhibitor Y-26732 on dissociation-induced apoptosis of hNPCs. We generated hNPCs via embryoid body formation using serum-free culture medium supplemented with noggin. The established hNPCs were characterized and the effect of the ROCK inhibitor on hNPC dissociation was studied. We demonstrated that supplementation of the culture media with 10 μM Y-26732 efficiently reduced apoptosis of dissociated hNPCs; this supplementation was effective when the inhibitor was applied either at (i) 24 h before dissociation of the cells and at 24 h after plating the cells or (ii) at 24 h after plating of the cells only. In addition to reducing apoptosis, both supplementation conditions with Y-26732 enhanced the proliferation of dissociated hNPCs. Our findings provide the optimal time window for ROCK treatment of hNPC dissociation in respect to apoptosis and cell proliferation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000354031DOI Listing
June 2014

Eighteen-year cryopreservation does not negatively affect the pluripotency of human embryos: evidence from embryonic stem cell derivation.

Biores Open Access 2012 Aug;1(4):166-73

Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research Center, Chulalongkorn University , Bangkok, Thailand . ; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Reproductive Medicine Unit), Chulalongkorn University , Bangkok, Thailand .

Human embryonic stem (hES) cells are considered to be a potential source for the therapy of human diseases, drug screening, and the study of developmental biology. In the present study, we successfully derived hES cell lines from blastocysts developed from frozen and fresh embryos. Seventeen- to eighteen-year-old frozen embryos were thawed, cultured to the blastocyst stage, and induced to form hES cells using human foreskin fibroblasts. The Chula2.hES cell line and the Chula4.hES and Chula5.hES cell lines were derived from blastocysts developed from frozen and fresh embryos, respectively. The cell lines expressed pluripotent markers, including alkaline phosphatase (AP), Oct3/4, stage-specific embryonic antigen (SSEA)-4, and tumor recognition antigen (TRA)-1-60 and TRA-1-81 as detected with immunocytochemistry. The real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) results showed that the cell lines expressed pluripotent genes, including OCT3/4, SOX2, NANOG, UTF, LIN28, REX1, NODAL, and E-Cadherin. In addition, the telomerase activities of the cell lines were higher than in the fibroblast cells. Moreover, the cell lines differentiated into all three germ layers both in vitro and in vivo. The cell lines had distinct identities, as revealed with DNA fingerprinting, and maintained their normal karyotype after a long-term culture. This study is the first to report the successful derivation of hES cell lines in Thailand and that frozen embryos maintained their pluripotency similar to fresh embryos, as shown by the success of hES cell derivation, even after years of cryopreservation. Therefore, embryos from prolonged cryopreservation could be an alternative source for embryonic stem cell research.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/biores.2012.0242DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3559204PMC
August 2012

Development of human embryonic stem cell derivation.

J Med Assoc Thai 2009 Apr;92(4):443-50

Reproductive Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Objective: To establish human embryonic stem (hES) cells from human embryos.

Design: Experimental study.

Setting: Reproductive Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University.

Material And Method: Abnormal and normal fertilization embryos were cultured in vitro until reaching blastocyst stage. Four different methods for isolation of ICMs were used. Immunosurgery, mechanical isolation, laser assists, and whole blastocyst culture were performed. The feeder layers used in the present study were fibroblasts, isolated from either mouse or human. Mechanical splitting of ICM outgrowths or hES-like cells was performed for propagation of cells. Characterization of hES-like cells was conducted by morphology, detection of immunostaining of Oct-4, and enzymatic activity of alkaline phosphatase (AP). HES-like cells were spontaneously differentiated through suspension culture of embryoid body (EB). Subsequent differentiation was done on gelatin-coated dishes.

Main Outcome Measure: Establishment of hES cells.

Results: By using abnormal fertilization embryos, 80.0% (8/10) of blastocysts were able to attach on the feeder layers, 50% (4/8) formed ICM outgrowths, but no hES-like cells were established. By using normal fertilization embryos, 84.6% (22/26) of blastocysts were able to attach on feeder layers, 18.2% (4/22) formed ICM outgrowths. One hES-like cell line was successfully established by using mechanical isolation of ICMs and human adult skin fibroblasts as feeder layers. This hES-like cells exhibited typical morphology of hES cells, positive staining for Oct-4 and AP. hES-like cells were able to form EB and differentiated into neural-like cells.

Conclusion: This is the first report in Thailand that hES-like cells can be isolated from normal development human embryos at blastocysts-stage using mechanical isolation of ICM and culture with human adult skin fibroblast as feeder layers.
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April 2009

Effect of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) on the quality of in vitro produced mouse blastocysts and subsequent derivation of embryonic stem (ES) cells.

J Med Assoc Thai 2008 May;91(5):608-14

Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproduction, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Objective: To determine the effect of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) on the quality of in vitro produced mouse blastocyst and the efficiency of embryonic stem (ES) cell derivation.

Design: Experimental study

Setting: Reproductive Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University

Material And Method: In vivo fertilized zygotes were collected and subjected to in vitro culture in potassium simplex optimized medium (KSOM) containing 1,000 unit/ml LIF. The developmental ability of the zygote to blastocyst-stage and the cell numbers in blastocysts were evaluated Expanded blastocysts developed in different culture media were subsequently subjected to ES cell derivation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE (s): The influence of LIF on the quality of and the total cell numbers of blastocyst developed in vitro.

Results: Supplementation of LIF in KSOM increased the rate of hatching blastocysts (63.8% vs. 53.7%; p < 0.05) and total cell numbers (91.4 +/- 15.0 vs. 85.1 +/- 7.7; p < 0.05) compared to KSOM alone. ES cells were obtained 66.7% from blastocysts developed in KSOM-LIF versus 41.7% in KSOM (p > 0.05). Established ES cell lines showed typical colony and characteristics of pluripotent murine ES cells.

Conclusion: LIF improved the quality of in vitro produced blastocysts but not enhanced ES cell derivation.
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May 2008

Results of direct current electrical activation of failed-to-fertilize oocytes after intracytoplasmic sperm injection.

J Reprod Med 2006 Jun;51(6):493-9

Reproductive Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Objective: To assess the embryo formation rate after electrical activation on failed-to-fertilize oocytes after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).

Study Design: A prospective, randomized, experimental study was conducted in our research laboratory at the Reproductive Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, between January and September 2004. One hundred failed-to-fertilize oocytes after ICSI were randomly assigned by stratified allocation according to oocyte grading before ICSI. Fifty unfertilized oocytes were activated with 3 consecutive 40-/microsec pulses of 1.5 kV/cm direct electrical current in buffer solution. The other 50 unfertilized oocytes, composing the control group, were treated in same way but without electrical activation. The embryo formation rates between the groups were compared.

Results: Embryo formation rates in the electrically activated group were 80% as compared with 16% in the control group (p < 0.001).

Conclusion: Failed-to-fertilize oocytes after ICSI seem to be able to resume embryonic development after electrical activation.
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June 2006

Preliminary study on somatic cell nuclear transfer in rabbits in Thailand.

J Med Assoc Thai 2003 Mar;86(3):276-81

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Reproduction, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand.

The objective of the study was to develop the somatic nuclear transfer technique by using rabbits as the model. The oocyte recipients aged 16 h post coitus were collected surgically from 20 superovulated rabbit doe with 28 and 40 mg Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) after mating with a vasectomized male. The metaphase II plate and 1st polar body of oocyte was later aspirated by enucleated micropipette under an inverted microscope. A single donor cell; cumulus cell or cultured or frozen fibroblast cell from passage 1 to 9 were transferred to enucleated oocyte and fused with triple DC pulses, 3.2 kv, 20 micros. The fused embryos were cultivated in TCM 199 NaHCO3 + 10 per cent fetal calf serum (FCS) for 4 days. The cleavage rate (2-cell stage) was 37.2 per cent (32/86) from eight experiments, and 18.8 per cent (6/32) developed to the early morula stage. This study also indicated that the enucleation pipette and the somatic cell type influenced the success.
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March 2003

The effect of growth hormone on the development of in vitro matured unstimulated human oocytes.

J Med Assoc Thai 2002 Aug;85(8):907-14

Deparanent of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Objective: To investigate the effect of growth hormone on the development of in vitro matured unstimulated human oocytes.

Design: Randomized controlled study.

Setting: Division of Reproductive Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn university.

Material And Method: 108 germinal vesicle-stage oocytes were retrieved from 47 patients undergoing gynecologic surgery. They were aspirated either during gynecologic surgery or from excised ovaries. The oocytes were then cultured in vitro with or without growth hormone (1,000 ng/ml) in medium199 supplemented with sodium pyruvate, FSH, LH, antibiotic and synthetic serum. Incubation was done at 37 degree C with 5 per cent CO2 in air and nuclear stage was assessed after 18, 42, 66 and 90 h of incubation.

Main Outcome Measure: Attainment of metaphase II and GVBD RESULTS: After in vitro culture, there were no significant differences in maturation and GVBD rate. 27 of 52 (51.9%) oocytes (GV) in growth hormone group matured to metaphase II compared with 25 of 53 (47.2%) GV in control group. GVBD rate for germinal vesicle-stage in growth hormone group was 76.9 per cent compared with 79.2 per cent in control group.

Conclusion: Culture of immature oocytes in vitro with growth hormone results in similar maturation rate as that without GH.
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August 2002