Publications by authors named "Pollyanna Pereira Borgo Auer"

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An integrated study of the plankton community after four years of Fundão dam disaster.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Oct 11:150613. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de Biologia, Departamento de Zoologia, Avenida Prof. Rodolpho Rocco, 211, Prédio do CCS, Bloco A, Sala A0-084, Ilha do Fundão, 21941-909 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil; Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Centro de Tecnologia, Escola Politécnica, Programa de Engenharia Ambiental-PEA, Avenida Athos da Silveira Ramos, 149, Bl. A, 2 andar, Sala DAPG, Ilha do Fundão, 21941-909 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Mining activities can affect the environment either by the tailings releasing or dams failures. The impact of the tailings can last decades and cause chronic effects due to their toxicity. The Fundão dam collapse, a relevant environmental disaster, occurred in November 2015 in Southeastern Brazil. Tailing rich in metals reached the Doce River and arrived in the Atlantic Ocean. Previous studies revealed the acute impact of the tailings in the marine planktonic community near the Doce River mouth. The current study aims to characterize the structure of planktonic assemblages in the impacted area after four years of the disaster. Sampling occurred in November 2018, January, April, and July 2019 at 32 stations located at the marine coastal area near the Doce River mouth. Our study detected high metal concentrations in the surface waters during January 2019, when the lowest diversity and abundance of phytoplankton, lowest zooplankton diversity, and low ichthyoplankton abundance were recorded. The zooplanktonic community was structured by environmental parameters and ichthyoplankton assemblages in November 2018, January and April 2019. Nutrients and metals, mainly iron from the tailing carried by the Doce River waters to the marine environment changed the plankton community, confirming the impact of the Fundão Dam collapse in the coastal area near the Doce River mouth. The phytoplankton community, influenced by the nutrients and to a lesser extent metals concentrations, was not decisive in the zooplankton community structure. The environmental variability was driven by the meteoceanographic conditions and the Doce River flow. There was a high correlation between the zooplanktonic community and ichthyoplanktonic assemblage and the environmental factors and metals. These relations indicate the impact of the tailings from the collapse of the Fundão Dam on these communities, even after four years of the Mariana disaster.
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October 2021