Publications by authors named "Piotr Buchcic"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Pediatric Monteggia Fracture Outcome Assessment - Preliminary Report.

Ortop Traumatol Rehabil 2022 Apr;24(2):79-86

Klinika Ortopedii i Ortopedii Dziecięcej, Centralny Szpital Kliniczny Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Łodzi, Polska / Orthopedics and Pediatric Orthopedics Department, Central Teaching Hospital of the Medical University of Lodz, Poland.

Background: The term Monteggia fracture refers to a class of injuries encompassing the fracture of the proximal end of the ulna with subluxation or dislocation of the radial head. These injuries account for 0.4-1% of all forearm fractures in children. Despite its low incidence, Monteggia fractures require particular attention, since as much as 30-50% of the cases may be unrecognized, which subsequently leads to complications. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate treatment outcomes of Monteggia fractures in children. Both conservative treatment and surgery were analyzed.

Material And Methods: 15 children (7 boys and 8 girls) between the ages of 4-16.3 years (mean age 8.3 years) with Monteggia fractures were hospitalized at our center in the years 2015-2020. Closed reduction and immobilization in a cast were performed in 12 patients, while three children underwent surgical treatment with internal fixation of the ulna. The radial head dislocation was reduced successfully in every patient.

Results: Every child from the study group who received conservative treatment regained full elbow mobility as well as normal forearm supination and pronation. Only one of the patients who underwent the surgery demonstrated a 20° deficit in elbow flexion that did not affect limb function.

Conclusions: 1. Our experience shows that closed reduction together with immobilization in a cast is usually a sufficient treatment in Monteggia fractures. 2. However, the dislocated radial head should be properly reduced in all patients. 3. Correct diagnosis and treatment followed by appropriate rehabilitation result in full recovery and no mobility limitations in children and teenagers.
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April 2022

A randomized study of autologous conditioned plasma and steroid injections in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis.

Int Orthop 2015 Nov 30;39(11):2199-203. Epub 2015 Jul 30.

Clinic of Orthopaedics and Paediatric Orthopaedics Medical University of Łódź, Pomorska 251, 92-213, Łodź, Poland.

Purpose: Chronic tendinopathy of lateral epicondyle of the humerus, commonly known as "tennis elbow" is one of the most frequent tendinopathies caused by recurrent overload of the muscle origins. The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness of treating lateral epicondylitis (LE) with autologous conditioned plasma (ACP) and betamethasone injections, and to compare these methods over the course of a one year follow-up.

Methods: Patients were randomly placed into one of into two groups: 53 were treated with ACP, and 46 with 1 ml betamethasone injections and 2 ml of 1 % lignocaine. Both those groups were comparable in terms of initial DASH score.

Results: After six weeks and six months, the mean DASH score was significantly better in the betamethasone group, but was better in ACP group after one year. Full recovery (patients with no symptoms) at all time points was more common in the betamethasone group. A comparison of grouped DASH scores revealed more very good and good results in the ACP group after one year. More patients had pain symptoms related to injection in the ACP group than the betamethasone group.

Conclusions: ACP therapy of LE allows better results to be obtained at 12 months. Betamethasone injections give more rapid improvement, but the therapeutic effect is longer lasting in the ACP group.
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November 2015

Hip joint pain in children with cerebral palsy and developmental dysplasia of the hip: why are the differences so huge?

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2014 Mar 21;15:96. Epub 2014 Mar 21.

DAFO, Individual Medical Practice ul, Poselska 10 m, 26, 95-070 Aleksandrow Lodzki, Poland.

Backgrounds: Non-traumatic hip dislocation in children is most often observed in the course of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and infantile cerebral palsy. The risk of pain sensations from dislocated hip joint differentiates the discussed groups of patients. Will every painless hip joint in children with cerebral palsy painful in the future?

Methods: Material included 34 samples of joint capsule and 34 femoral head ligaments, collected during open hip joint reduction from 19 children with CP, GMFCS level V and from 15 children with DDH and unilateral hip dislocation. All the children were surgically treated.The density of nociceptive fibres was compared between the children with CP and DDH, using S-100 and substance P monoclonal antibodies.

Results: More frequent positive immunohistochemical reaction to S-100 protein concerned structures of the femoral head ligaments in children with CP and cartilage losses on the femoral head, when compared to the same structures in children with DDH (p = 0.010). More frequent were found positive immunohistochemical reactions for S-100 protein in the joint capsules of children with cartilage losses (p = 0.031) and pain ailments vs. the children with DDH (p = 0.027). More frequent positive reaction to substance P concerned in femoral head ligaments in CP children and cartilage lesions (p = 0.002) or with pain ailments (p = 0.001) vs. the DDH children.

Conclusions: Surgical treatment of hip joint dislocation should be regarded as a prophylactics of pain sensations, induced by tissue sensitisation, inflammatory process development or articular cartilage defects.
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March 2014

Reliability of clinical evaluation of meniscus repair with the all-inside technique.

Ortop Traumatol Rehabil 2013 Mar-Apr;15(2):131-7

Department of Orthopaedics and Paediatric Orthopaedics, Medical University in Łódź.

Introduction: The study aimed to compare questionnaire data and clinical evaluation with an assessment of meniscal morphology conducted at arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction following meniscal repair.

Material And Methods: The study involved a selected group of 17 subjects (5 women and 12 men) aged 14-33 years, who underwent meniscal repair with the Fast-Fix system followed by ACL reconstruction. The mean interval between the procedures was 9 months. Prior to each procedure, the patients were requested to fill in the Lysholm Knee Questionnaire.

Results: At review, 14 patients met the criteria of a healed meniscal repair, whereas the remaining 3 subjects presented with signs of meniscal injury. These observations were confirmed at repeat arthroscopy. The Lysholm score for the entire study group increased from a baseline value of 57.3 to 92.2 points postoperatively, with the patients with reruptured menisci also improving, from 58 to 75.3 points.

Conclusions: 1) Our results show that clinical examination is reliable to evaluate the healing of meniscal lesions following all-inside repair, as confirmed by repeat arthroscopy. 2) A far greater increase in the Lysholm score seen in patients whose menisci were confirmed to have healed by repeat arthroscopy indicates that such questionnaires may be of help in the evaluation of treatment outcomes.
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April 2015