Publications by authors named "Pinki J Bhatt"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Risk Factors and Outcomes of Hospitalized Patients with Severe COVID-19 and Secondary Bloodstream Infections: A Multicenter, Case-Control Study.

Clin Infect Dis 2020 Nov 20. Epub 2020 Nov 20.

Department of Medicine, Division of Allergy/Immunology and Infectious Disease, Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ.

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a global pandemic. Clinical characteristics regarding secondary infections in patients with COVID-19 have been reported but detailed microbiology, risk factors and outcomes of secondary bloodstream infections (sBSI) in patients with severe COVID-19 have not been well described.

Methods: We performed a multicenter, case-control study including all hospitalized patients diagnosed with severe COVID-19 and blood cultures drawn from March 1, 2020 to May 7, 2020 at three academic medical centers in New Jersey, USA. Data collection included demographics, clinical and microbiologic variables, and patient outcomes. Risk factors and outcomes were compared between cases (sBSI) and controls (no sBSI).

Results: A total of 375 hospitalized patients were included. There were 128 sBSIs during the hospitalization. For the first set of positive blood cultures, 117 (91.4%) were bacterial and 7 (5.5%) were fungal. Those with sBSI were more likely to have altered mental status, lower mean percent oxygen saturation on room air, have septic shock and be admitted to the intensive care unit compared to the controls. In-hospital mortality was higher in those with a sBSI versus controls (53.1% vs 32.8%, p=0.0001).

Conclusions: We observed hospitalized adult patients with severe COVID-19 and sBSI had a more severe initial presentation, prolonged hospital course, and worse clinical outcomes. To maintain antimicrobial stewardship principles, further prospective studies are necessary to better characterize risk factors and prediction modeling to better understand when to suspect and empirically treat for sBSI in severe COVID-19.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
November 2020

Use of Tocilizumab for COVID-19-Induced Cytokine Release Syndrome: A Cautionary Case Report.

Chest 2020 07 25;158(1):e15-e19. Epub 2020 Apr 25.

Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Rutgers-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ.

Novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) emerged in late December 2019 in Wuhan, China. Since then, COVID-19 has become a pandemic affecting more than 4.1 million people worldwide. Patients with COVID-19 have a wide spectrum of manifestations, one being cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and its fatal correlate, secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (sHLH). Anti-cytokine therapy such as tocilizumab, an IL-6 receptor antagonist, is a potential treatment for COVID-19; however, data regarding the efficacy of this anti-IL-6 therapy are currently lacking. We report two cases of patients who received a diagnosis of COVID-19 complicated by CRS and were treated with tocilizumab. Both patients progressed to sHLH despite treatment with tocilizumab, and one developed viral myocarditis, challenging the safety and clinical usefulness of tocilizumab in the treatment of COVID-19-induced CRS. These cases highlight the need for clinical trials to determine optimal patient selection and timing for the use of tocilizumab during this disease process.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
July 2020

Infections due to multidrug-resistant organisms following heart transplantation: Epidemiology, microbiology, and outcomes.

Transpl Infect Dis 2020 Feb 12;22(1):e13215. Epub 2019 Dec 12.

Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York.

Background: Infections secondary to multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) have emerged as a growing problem in solid organ transplantation (SOT). Most of the published data on MDRO infections in SOT pertains to abdominal organ transplantation and data specific to heart transplantation (HT) are limited.

Methods: This is a retrospective review of HT recipients at our institution from 2011 to 2016; with the aim to investigate the epidemiology, microbiologic spectrum, and outcomes in patients with post-HT MDRO infections, classified as multidrug-resistant (MDR), extensively drug-resistant (XDR), and pandrug-resistant (PDR) using standardized definitions.

Results: Of the 149 HT recipients, 82 episodes of bacterial infection were seen in 46 patients (31%) in the year following HT. Thirty (37%) were due to MDR pathogens and 13 (16%) were XDR. The most common gram-negative MDR pathogens were extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae; while XDR pathogens were most commonly Pseudomonas aeruginosa followed by carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae. Majority of infection episodes were bloodstream (54, 66%) followed by pulmonary infection (20, 24%). Within a year after transplant, HT recipients with any bacterial infection had significantly higher mortality versus those without infection; and XDR infections were associated with a 26-fold greater hazard of death on average compared to those without infection (adjusted HR, 26.1; 95% CI, 6.4-107.0; P < .001). There were no PDR infections.

Conclusion: Bacterial infections were a significant predictor of 1-year post-HT mortality, which was highest among those with XDR infections. This study highlights the burden of MDRO infections in HT recipients and identifies an area of future research.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
February 2020