Publications by authors named "Pimwarat Nanthaprut"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Comparison of HIV-Positive Incidence Among Transgender Women and Men Who Have Sex with Men at Stand-Alone and Mobile Voluntary Counseling and Testing Facilities in Chiang Mai Province, Thailand.

AIDS Patient Care STDS 2021 04;35(4):116-125

Department of Statistics, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is still a major cause of death in Thais and new cases of infection are still emerging among the key population comprising men who have sex with men (MSM), sex workers and their clients, and transgender women (TGW) and people who inject drugs. The objective of this study was to compare the incidence of HIV infection between MSM and TGW who were tested at stand-alone and mobile HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) centers and to identify factors associated with HIV-positive individuals from the two services. We conducted an observational study using MSM and TGW individuals with unknown HIV status from the databases at a stand-alone center and a mobile VCT belonging to the MPlus in Chiang Mai province, Thailand. Factors associated with HIV-positive status were identified using logistic regression model. HIV VCT data were obtained for 6971 individuals at both MPlus center and mobile care unit. Among 3033 and 3938 clients tested at each facility, respectively, 168 (5.6%) and 101 (2.6%) clients were HIV positive. Individuals tested at the stand-alone centers were at a 1.91-fold higher risk of being HIV positive compared with those tested at the mobile VCT unit. Individuals who were 20-24 or >24 years old, sex workers, or sexually transmitted infection positive were more likely to be HIV positive. Our results show the beneficial effect of mobile HIV VCT facilities that enable testing of more of the at-risk population. Developing mobile VCT activities that attract a particular target population is needed to be able to reach the 90-90-90 goals. This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University (0BG-2562-06418).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/apc.2020.0258DOI Listing
April 2021

A Proactive Policy to Eliminate Viral Hepatitis Infection: Five-Year Results for the Subdistrict Model in Thailand.

J Community Health 2021 Mar 18. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Northern Thai Research Group of Radiation Oncology (NTRG-RO), Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand.

The objective of this study was to ascertain hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) infection rates in individuals toward the early initiation of treatment and prevention of developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This cross-sectional study was performed on 2084 participants from two subdistricts in Chiang Mai and Lampang provinces, northern Thailand. Screening for viral hepatitis in the general population was conducted at subdistrict health-promoting hospitals in Nong Pa Krang, in the suburb of Chiang Mai city, and Thoenburi, a subdistrict in the rural area of Lampang province, northern Thailand. Ninety-one (4.4%) participants tested positive for either HBV or HCV, with 3.3% of all participants infected with HBV and 1.1% infected with HCV. Treatment follow-up was 29.0% of HBV and 54.5% of HCV. A proactive approach to eliminate viral hepatitis can be carried out at the subdistrict level in Thailand. Success could increase participation in other subdistricts in a cascade-like manner by 2030. The identified factors of success are leadership by the local government supported by the Local Health Fund and Village Health Volunteers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-021-00977-2DOI Listing
March 2021