Publications by authors named "Pim J J Damen"

2 Publications

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WHO grade I meningiomas that show regrowth after gamma knife radiosurgery often show 1p36 loss.

Sci Rep 2021 Aug 12;11(1):16432. Epub 2021 Aug 12.

Department of Pathology, GROW School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, P. Debyelaan 25, Postbox 5800, 6202 AZ, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

WHO grade I meningiomas occasionally show regrowth after radiosurgical treatment, which cannot be predicted by clinical features. There is increasing evidence that certain biomarkers are associated with regrowth of meningiomas. The aim of this retrospective study was to asses if these biomarkers could be of value to predict regrowth of WHO grade I meningiomas after additive radiosurgery. Forty-four patients with WHO grade I meningiomas who underwent additive radiosurgical treatment between 2002 and 2015 after Simpson IV resection were included in this study, of which 8 showed regrowth. Median follow-up time was 64 months (range 24-137 months). Tumors were analyzed for the proliferation marker Ki-67 by immunohistochemistry and for deletion of 1p36 by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Furthermore, genomic DNA was analyzed for promoter hypermethylation of the genes NDRG1-4, SFRP1, HOXA9 and MGMT. Comparison of meningiomas with and without regrowth after radiosurgery revealed that loss of 1p36 (p = 0.001) and hypermethylation of NDRG1 (p = 0.046) were correlated with regrowth free survival. Loss of 1p36 was the only parameter that was significantly associated with meningioma regrowth after multivariate analysis (p = 0.01). Assessment of 1p36 loss in tumor tissue prior to radiosurgery might be considered an indicator of prognosis/regrowth. However, this finding has to be validated in an independent larger set of tumors.
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August 2021

The Influence of Severe Radiation-Induced Lymphopenia on Overall Survival in Solid Tumors: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Departments of Radiation Oncology.

Purpose: Emerging evidence suggests a detrimental prognostic association between radiation-induced lymphopenia (RIL) and pathologic response, progression-free survival, and overall survival (OS) in patients who undergo radiation therapy for cancer. The aim of this study was to systematically review and meta-analyze the prognostic impact of RIL on OS in patients with solid tumors.

Methods And Materials: PubMed/MEDLINE and Embase were systematically searched. The analysis included intervention and prognostic studies that reported on the prognostic relationship between RIL and survival in patients with solid tumors. An overall pooled adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) was calculated using a random-effects model. Subgroup analyses for different patient-, tumor-, treatment-, and study-related characteristics were performed using meta-regression.

Results: Pooling of 21 cohorts within 20 eligible studies demonstrated a statistically significant association between OS and grade ≥3 versus grade 0-2 RIL (n = 16; pooled aHR, 1.65; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.43-1.90) and grade 4 RIL versus grade 0-3 (n = 5; aHR, 1.53; 95% CI, 1.24-1.90). Moderate heterogeneity among aHRs was observed, mostly attributable to overestimated aHRs in 7 studies likely subject to model-overfitting. Subgroup analysis showed significant prognostic impact of grade ≥3 RIL in 4 brain tumor (aHR, 1.63; 95% CI, 1.06-2.51), 4 lung cancer (aHR, 1.52; 95% CI, 1.01-2.29), and 3 pancreatic cancer (aHR, 1.92; 95% CI, 1.10-3.36) cohorts.

Conclusions: This meta-analysis demonstrates a significant detrimental prognostic association between grade ≥3 lymphopenia and OS in patients receiving radiation therapy for solid tumors. This finding appears consistent for tumors of the brain, thorax, and upper abdomen and provides an imperative to further elucidate the potential survival benefit of lymphopenia-mitigating strategies.
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July 2021