Publications by authors named "Pietro Di Viesti"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Isolated pons involvement in Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome: Case report and review of the literature.

eNeurologicalSci 2017 Mar 28;6:51-54. Epub 2016 Nov 28.

Neurology Unit, Department of Medicine, Research Center "Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza", San Giovanni Rotondo, FG, Italy.

Background: Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES) is a clinical-radiological syndrome, usually reversible and with a favorable prognosis, which recognizes a variety of etiologies and clinical patterns and is likely due to an impairment in cerebral blood flow autoregulation. It is typically characterized by subcortical, predominantly parieto-occipital, vasogenic brain oedema in patients with acute-subacute neurological symptoms. Infratentorial oedema on neuroimaging has been mostly described in association with the typical supratentorial pattern and seldom as isolated.

Case Report: We report a case of PRES with isolated pons involvement on MRI. A woman affected by Turner syndrome, epilepsy, slight mental deficiency, obesity and hypothyroidism, experienced a progressive gait and standing impairment, worsening in the last 2 weeks. At admission blood pressure was 220/110 mmHg. Brain MRI showed a wide FLAIR signal hyperintensity on T2-weighted sequences affecting the entire pons, without contrast enhancement. Clonidine, doxazosine, furosemide and telmisartan were effective in restoring normal blood pressure. Pons hyperintensity completely resolved on MRI 3 weeks later, together with return to normal neurological examination.

Conclusions: Though isolated infratentorial involvement in PRES recognizes several causes, hypertension, which is a common feature in Turner syndrome, would have played a key role in our case with solely pons MRI T2-hyperintensity.
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March 2017

Improvement of migraine after patent foramen ovale percutaneous closure in patients with subclinical brain lesions: a case-control study.

JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2009 Feb;2(2):107-13

Department of Cardiology, Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza Hospital IRCCS, San Giovanni Rotondo, Italy.

Objectives: We sought to evaluate the benefits on frequency and severity of migraine recurrence after patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure in patients with subclinical brain lesions at magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Background: Migraine improvement has been reported after PFO closure in patients with cerebrovascular symptomatic events. Subclinical brain MRI lesions are detectable in patients with PFO and in migraineurs.

Methods: A total of 82 patients with moderate/severe migraine, PFO, large right-to-left shunt, and subclinical brain MRI lesions were prospectively examined for a 6-month period. Patients were subdivided into closure (n = 53) and control (n = 29) group according to their consent to undergo percutaneous PFO closure. In controls, therapy for migraine was optimized. Six-month frequency and severity of migraine recurrence were compared with baseline.

Results: The number of total attacks decreased more in the closure group (32 +/- 9 to 7 +/- 7, p < 0.001) than in the control group (36 +/- 13 to 30 +/- 21, p = NS) (p < 0.001). A significant reduction in disabling attacks was observed only in the closure group (20 +/- 12 to 2 +/- 2, p < 0.001; controls: 15 +/- 12 to 12 +/- 12, p = NS). Migraine disappeared in 34% of the closure group patients and 7% of controls (p = 0.007); >50% reduction of attacks was reported by 87% and 21%, respectively (p < 0.001). Disabling attacks disappeared in 53% of closure group patients and 7% of controls (p < 0.001); >50% reduction occurred in 89% and 17%, respectively (p < 0.001).

Conclusions: In migraineurs with a large PFO and subclinical brain MRI lesions, a significant reduction in frequency and severity of migraine recurrence can be obtained by PFO closure when compared with frequency and severity in controls.
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February 2009

Clinical and brain magnetic resonance imaging follow-up after percutaneous closure of patent foramen ovale in patients with cryptogenic stroke.

Am J Cardiol 2008 Apr 6;101(7):1051-5. Epub 2008 Feb 6.

Department of Cardiology, Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza Hospital, IRCCS, San Giovanni Rotondo, Italy.

Patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure is reported to result in fewer episodes of clinically manifest recurrent cerebral ischemia than medical treatment. We evaluated by means of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) whether silent cerebral ischemic episodes are also decreased by PFO closure. Seventy-one patients with PFO were selected for percutaneous closure of PFO at our center. All had PFO with large right-to-left shunt documented by transcranial Doppler ultrasound and transesophageal echocardiography, > or =1 previous stroke or transient ischemic attack with MRI documentation at the index event, and no alternative cause for cerebral ischemia. MRI studies were performed in all patients 24 hours before the procedure and at 1-year follow-up (or before in the case of a suspected new neurologic event). Eight patients (11%) had >1 clinical event before the procedure. Comparing the 2 MRI studies before the procedure, silent ischemic lesions were observed in 14 other patients (20%). Thus, considering clinical and silent events together, >1 event was present at baseline in 22 patients (31%). After PFO closure (follow-up 16 +/- 7 months), 1 recurrent neurologic event occurred (1%, p = 0.02 vs preprocedural clinical events); however, urgent brain MRI results were negative. Moreover, only 1 patient showed 1 new silent lesion at brain MRI at follow-up (1%, p <0.001 vs preprocedural silent brain lesions). Considering clinical and silent events, relapses occurred in 2 patients only (p <0.001 vs before procedure). Recurrent events were limited to those with incomplete PFO closure at postprocedural transcranial Doppler ultrasound (p = 0.02). In conclusion, percutaneous PFO closure results in few clinical or silent events after 1-year follow-up, especially when complete PFO closure is successfully accomplished.
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April 2008