Publications by authors named "Pieter Berger"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Bicruciate retaining total knee arthroplasty : results throughout history.

Acta Orthop Belg 2021 Mar;87(1):73-83

Approximately 20% amongst patients are dissatisfied after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Bicruciate retaining (BCR) TKA offers superior knee kinematics and proprioception, but many surgeons abandoned its use because of complications and technical difficulties. Recently, two new BCR implant designs were introduced : Vanguard XP (Zimmer Biomet) and Journey XR (Smith&Nephew). We searched Pubmed, Limo, Embase and Cochrane, screened reference lists of eligible studies and included studies that met the inclusion criteria. We included 35 articles reporting on ten different BCR implants, including three articles presenting results of the Vanguard XP prosthesis. Unfortunately, no articles reporting on the results of the Journey XR prosthesis had been published. The BCR implants of the early 1970s showed good functional results, but a high rate of complications, mainly loosening and infections. The Townley Anatomic TKA was the first BCR implant with good clinical results, a low incidence of loosening and a high survivorship. One article of the three reporting on the Vanguard XP yielded high patient satisfaction (94%) with two revisions (1.4%). The two other articles reported three revisions (5%) after one year of follow-up and 19 revisions (13.4%) after three years of follow-up. Throughout history, the functional results of BCR TKA improved, with lessening of the complications. The short-term results of the Vanguard XP implant showed good functional results, but two out of three articles reported a high rate of loosening. Based on the results reported in this review, the use of BCR TKA is still debatable. Further high-level evidence research is necessary to assess the clinical benefit of BCR TKA.
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March 2021

What are the determinants for return to work after primary total knee arthroplasty?

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Sep;86(3):453-462

Total knee arthroplasty is increasingly performed on patients of working age, although little is known about return to work. This study aims to analyse the return to work percentage in a Belgian population and to identify underlying determinants. Data was gathered by analysing patients' files and sending a questionnaire to patients aged ≤ 62 years who underwent a total knee arthroplasty between January 2013 and December 2017 in the University Hospitals of Leuven. A total of 99 patients were included in the study and 66 patients returned to work. Significant factors included preoperative sick leave, availability of job adaptations, employment type and postoperative Knee Society Score. The return to work percentage of 67% in this Belgian population is slightly lower in comparison with similar studies in other countries. This difference could be driven by Belgium's specific insurance system or due to a lack of clear prescription guidelines for medical doctors.
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September 2020

Return to Work after Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty under the Age of 65 Years: A Systematic Review.

J Knee Surg 2021 Jan 20. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Division of Orthopaedics, Department of Development and Regeneration-Organ Systems Cluster, KU Leuven, University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium.

A growing number of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is at working age and need to return to work (RTW) after surgery. The aim of this systematic review is to give an overview of the literature regarding RTW after TKA and beneficial and limiting factors influencing this process. A systematic search in four electronic databases was conducted in November 2019 to identify studies describing RTW after primary TKA in patients aged 65 years or younger. Study characteristics and data on work status before and after surgery were extracted. All studies were assessed for risk of bias. Fourteen studies published between 2009 and 2019 were included in this review, accounting for a total of 3,073 patients. The percentage of patients working after TKA ranged from 36 to 89%, and the fraction of patients working before and returning to work after surgery ranged from 40 to 98%. Mean time of RTW ranged from 7.7 to 16.6 weeks. Most important factors associated with a slower or no RTW were a more physical nature of employment and preoperative absence from work. The majority of patients undergoing TKA returned to work postoperatively. However, comparison between studies is seriously hampered by the wide variation regarding the definition and timeframe used to measure the work status. Therefore, standardized outcome measures for studies investigating RTW after TKA are warranted. We identify this review as level-I evidence (systematic review of level-I and level-II studies).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1722626DOI Listing
January 2021

Mucoid degeneration of the anterior cruciate ligament. Complete resection as equivalent treatment to partial resection.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Jun;86(2):272-279

Mucoid degeneration (MD) of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a benign knee pathology, which is often indicated for surgical treatment if symptomatic. Most authors believe that partial ACL resection is the treatment of choice in symptomatic MD of the ACL. This study concerns complete ACL resection as a treatment of mucoid degenerated ACL. Thirteen patients were treated with complete ACL resection for symptomatic MD of the ACL from 2006-2016. Symptoms included limited range of motion (ROM) and posterior knee pain. Preoperative and postoperative results of eleven patient were compared. Postoperative recovery was four weeks on average. All patients (100%, n=11) reported an improvement in pain. All patients with a preoperative limited ROM (100%, n=9) reported a return to a normal (subjective) ROM. Eight patients (72.7%, n=8) reported an improvement of knee instability, while three patients (27.3%, n=3) experienced an unchanged knee stability. All patients (100%, n=11) reported a good to very good surgery satisfaction. Preoperative and postoperative KOOS questionnaires were compared and showed improvement in all categories. Complete resection of the ACL without ACL reconstruction is a reliable treatment for symptomatic cases of mucoid degenerated ACL.
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June 2020

Good long-term survival and patient-reported outcomes after high tibial osteotomy for medial compartment osteoarthritis.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2020 Sep 9. Epub 2020 Sep 9.

Department of Orthopaedics, University Hospitals Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000, Leuven, Belgium.

The lateral closing and medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy can correct a varus malalignment of the knee caused by medial compartment osteoarthritis. These procedures have produced great short-term and mid-term results. As no systematic review has examined their long-term results yet, the goal of this article was to compare the results of all articles about lateral closing and medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomies, published after the year 2000, with a mean follow-up of more than 10 years. A systematic search of the Medline, Web of Science and Cochrane databases resulted in the inclusion of 30 articles. All these studies combined examined the results of 7087 high tibial osteotomies in a total of 6636 patients after a mean follow-up of more than 10 years. Primary outcome measures were the survival rate of the osteotomy, functional scores, patient satisfaction and pain scores. Secondary outcome measures were alignment correction and the identification of factors influencing the survival of the osteotomy. The 5-year, 10-year, 15-year and 20-year survival rates, respectively, ranged from 86 to 100%, 64-97.6%, 44-93.2% and 46-85.1%. The subjective scoring systems showed an improvement postoperatively that was maintained until final follow-up. The anatomical and mechanical tibiofemoral axis were, respectively, corrected to a mean of 7.3°-13.8° of valgus and 0.6°-4° of valgus. The results of the articles evaluating the influence of potential risk factors were contradictory. Despite the low quality of the available evidence, the lateral closing and medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy seem to remain valid long-term treatment options for patients with painful varus malalignment caused by isolated medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee. The available results indicate that the need for arthroplasty could be delayed for more than 15 years in the majority of patients. However, higher-quality studies are needed to confirm these findings. As a systematic review is assigned a level of evidence equivalent to the lowest level of evidence used from the analyzed manuscripts, the level of evidence of this systematic review is IV.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-020-06262-4DOI Listing
September 2020

Flexor Pollicis Longus Tendon Rupture After Volar Wrist Plating : Reconstruction With Palmaris Longus Interposition Graft.

Acta Orthop Belg 2017 Sep;83(3):467-472

Rupture of the flexor pollicis longus tendon is a rare complication after volar plating of distal radius fractures. Several surgical treatment options have been proposed but postoperative results are not well documented. The authors retrospectively studied the clinical outcome of 4 patients after flexor pollicis longus tendon reconstruction with a palmaris longus interposition graft. Minimal follow-up was 12 months. Mean active interphalangeal joint flexion (44°) and thumb opposition (Kapandji 8/10) were significantly reduced compared to the opposite side. Mean power grip (32 kg) and key pinch strength (8kg) of the operated hand were comparable to the contralateral hand. The mean Visual Analogue Scale for pain was 2.5/10. The mean DASH score was 14 points. Although flexion and opposition of the thumb did not return to normal after surgery, patients reported excellent functional results.
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September 2017

Ilizarov bone transport as a treatment of congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia: a long-term follow-up study.

J Child Orthop 2015 Aug 13;9(4):319-24. Epub 2015 Aug 13.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium,

Purpose: Most studies on congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia (CPT) report on the short-term union rate and refracture rate but do not take into account the long-term outcome. This review includes patients treated with an Ilizarov bone transport, who all reached skeletal maturity. It describes long-term results and highlights any prognostic factors that could predict the final outcome.

Methods: The records of patients with CPT treated with an Ilizarov bone transport in our institution were retrospectively evaluated.

Results: A total of 12 consecutive patients were studied. The mean follow-up was 24.5 years (range 6-39 years). Primary consolidation was seen in ten patients (83 %). Half of these patients had a refracture. At final follow-up, eight patients experienced union and four remained un-united, of whom one had an amputation.

Conclusions: The present data confirm a good primary healing rate. However, tibial union at final follow-up was only seen in 67 %, indicating that refracture is the main issue. United bone is often of inferior biological and mechanical quality, so lifetime protection with intramedullary devices, braces or a combination of both is recommended.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11832-015-0675-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4549345PMC
August 2015

Total hip arthroplasty in patients less than 40 years old with avascular necrosis of the femoral head. A 5 to 19-year follow-up study.

Acta Orthop Belg 2011 Feb;77(1):53-60

Orthopaedic Department, University Hospital Pellenberg, Leuven, Belgium.

We evaluated 34 total hip arthroplasties (THA) for avascular necrosis of the femoral head in 26 patients who were younger than 40 years at the time of the index operation. The average age at the time of THA was 283 (17-38) years. The mean follow-up was 10.9 (5-19) years. We used 6 cemented and 28 cementless acetabular components and a cemented polished tapered stem in all hips. The mean Charnley modified Merle d' Aubigné Postel score was 8.9 points preoperatively and 16.6 points at final follow-up. Two cemented metal-backed cups were revised because of aseptic loosening at 10 years, one cemented polyethylene cup failed at 12 years and 2 more all polyethylene cups had pending failure. The metal-backed cemented cups and the all polyethylene cups had a longer follow-up than the uncemented cups. Therefore and because of the proven unfavourable long-term outcome of the cemented metal-backed Exeter cup we are not able to draw any firm conclusions regarding the preferred choice between cemented and uncemented cups in this particular group of patients. On the femoral site none of the stems had to be revised. Our results show that a cemented polished tapered femoral component has an excellent survival in primary total hip replacement in young patients with avascular necrosis of the femoral head.
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February 2011
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