Publications by authors named "Philipp Klapsing"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

High-frequency oscillatory ventilation guided by transpulmonary pressure in acute respiratory syndrome: an experimental study in pigs.

Crit Care 2018 May 9;22(1):121. Epub 2018 May 9.

Department of Anesthesiology, Intensive Care Medicine, Emergency Medicine and Pain Management, University Medical Center Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.

Background: Recent clinical studies have not shown an overall benefit of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV), possibly due to injurious or non-individualized HFOV settings. We compared conventional HFOV (HFOV) settings with HFOV settings based on mean transpulmonary pressures (P) in an animal model of experimental acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).

Methods: ARDS was induced in eight pigs by intrabronchial installation of hydrochloric acid (0.1 N, pH 1.1; 2.5 ml/kg body weight). The animals were initially ventilated in volume-controlled mode with low tidal volumes (6 ml kg) at three positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) levels (5, 10, 20 cmHO) followed by HFOV and then HFOV P each at PEEP 10 and 20. The continuous distending pressure (CDP) during HFOV was set at mean airway pressure plus 5 cmHO. For HFOV P it was set at mean P plus 5 cmHO. Baseline measurements were obtained before and after induction of ARDS under volume controlled ventilation with PEEP 5. The same measurements and computer tomography of the thorax were then performed under all ventilatory regimens at PEEP 10 and 20.

Results: Cardiac output, stroke volume, mean arterial pressure and intrathoracic blood volume index were significantly higher during HFOV P than during HFOV at PEEP 20. Lung density, total lung volume, and normally and poorly aerated lung areas were significantly greater during HFOV, while there was less over-aerated lung tissue in HFOV P. The groups did not differ in oxygenation or extravascular lung water index.

Conclusion: HFOV P is associated with less hemodynamic compromise and less pulmonary overdistension than HFOV. Despite the increase in non-ventilated lung areas, oxygenation improved with both regimens. An individualized approach with HFOV settings based on transpulmonary pressure could be a useful ventilatory strategy in patients with ARDS. Providing alveolar stabilization with HFOV while avoiding harmful distending pressures and pulmonary overdistension might be a key in the context of ventilator-induced lung injury.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13054-018-2028-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5943989PMC
May 2018

Reliability of transcardiopulmonary thermodilution cardiac output measurement in experimental aortic valve insufficiency.

PLoS One 2017 19;12(10):e0186481. Epub 2017 Oct 19.

Department of Anesthesiology, Center of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Background: Monitoring cardiac output (CO) is important to optimize hemodynamic function in critically ill patients. The prevalence of aortic valve insufficiency (AI) is rising in the aging population. However, reliability of CO monitoring techniques in AI is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of AI on accuracy, precision, and trending ability of transcardiopulmonary thermodilution-derived COTCPTD in comparison with pulmonary artery catheter thermodilution COPAC.

Methods: Sixteen anesthetized domestic pigs were subjected to serial simultaneous measurements of COPAC and COTCPTD. In a novel experimental model, AI was induced by retraction of an expanded Dormia basket in the aortic valve annulus. The Dormia basket was delivered via a Judkins catheter guided by substernal epicardial echocardiography. High (HPC), moderate (MPC) and low cardiac preload conditions (LPC) were induced by fluid unloading (20 ml kg-1 blood withdrawal) and loading (subsequent retransfusion of the shed blood and additional infusion of 20 ml kg-1 hydroxyethyl starch). Within each preload condition CO was measured before and after the onset of AI. For statistical analysis, we used a mixed model analysis of variance, Bland-Altman analysis, the percentage error and concordance analysis.

Results: Experimental AI had a mean regurgitant volume of 33.6 ± 12.0 ml and regurgitant fraction of 42.9 ± 12.6%. The percentage error between COTCPTD and COPAC during competent valve function and after induction of substantial AI was: HPC 17.7% vs. 20.0%, MPC 20.5% vs. 26.1%, LPC 26.5% vs. 28.1% (pooled data: 22.5% vs. 24.1%). The ability to trend CO-changes induced by fluid loading and unloading did not differ between baseline and AI (concordance rate 95.8% during both conditions).

Conclusion: Despite substantial AI, transcardiopulmonary thermodilution reliably measured CO under various cardiac preload conditions with a good ability to trend CO changes in a porcine model. COTCPTD and COPAC were interchangeable in substantial AI.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0186481PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5648193PMC
November 2017

Automatic quantitative computed tomography segmentation and analysis of aerated lung volumes in acute respiratory distress syndrome-A comparative diagnostic study.

J Crit Care 2017 12 8;42:184-191. Epub 2016 Nov 8.

Department of Anesthesiology, Emergency and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Goettingen, Robert-Koch-Strasse 40, 37075 Goettingen, Germany. Electronic address:

Quantitative lung computed tomographic (CT) analysis yields objective data regarding lung aeration but is currently not used in clinical routine primarily because of the labor-intensive process of manual CT segmentation. Automatic lung segmentation could help to shorten processing times significantly. In this study, we assessed bias and precision of lung CT analysis using automatic segmentation compared with manual segmentation. In this monocentric clinical study, 10 mechanically ventilated patients with mild to moderate acute respiratory distress syndrome were included who had received lung CT scans at 5- and 45-mbar airway pressure during a prior study. Lung segmentations were performed both automatically using a computerized algorithm and manually. Automatic segmentation yielded similar lung volumes compared with manual segmentation with clinically minor differences both at 5 and 45 mbar. At 5 mbar, results were as follows: overdistended lung 49.58mL (manual, SD 77.37mL) and 50.41mL (automatic, SD 77.3mL), P=.028; normally aerated lung 2142.17mL (manual, SD 1131.48mL) and 2156.68mL (automatic, SD 1134.53mL), P = .1038; and poorly aerated lung 631.68mL (manual, SD 196.76mL) and 646.32mL (automatic, SD 169.63mL), P = .3794. At 45 mbar, values were as follows: overdistended lung 612.85mL (manual, SD 449.55mL) and 615.49mL (automatic, SD 451.03mL), P=.078; normally aerated lung 3890.12mL (manual, SD 1134.14mL) and 3907.65mL (automatic, SD 1133.62mL), P = .027; and poorly aerated lung 413.35mL (manual, SD 57.66mL) and 469.58mL (automatic, SD 70.14mL), P=.007. Bland-Altman analyses revealed the following mean biases and limits of agreement at 5 mbar for automatic vs manual segmentation: overdistended lung +0.848mL (±2.062mL), normally aerated +14.51mL (±49.71mL), and poorly aerated +14.64mL (±98.16mL). At 45 mbar, results were as follows: overdistended +2.639mL (±8.231mL), normally aerated 17.53mL (±41.41mL), and poorly aerated 56.23mL (±100.67mL). Automatic single CT image and whole lung segmentation were faster than manual segmentation (0.17 vs 125.35seconds [P<.0001] and 10.46 vs 7739.45seconds [P<.0001]). Automatic lung CT segmentation allows fast analysis of aerated lung regions. A reduction of processing times by more than 99% allows the use of quantitative CT at the bedside.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrc.2016.11.001DOI Listing
December 2017

Ross River virus disease reemergence, Fiji, 2003-2004.

Emerg Infect Dis 2005 Apr;11(4):613-5

Montreal General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

We report 2 clinically characteristic and serologically positive cases of Ross River virus infection in Canadian tourists who visited Fiji in late 2003 and early 2004. This report suggests that Ross River virus is once again circulating in Fiji, where it apparently disappeared after causing an epidemic in 1979 to 1980.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3320333PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid1104.041070DOI Listing
April 2005