Publications by authors named "Philipp Barckow"

2 Publications

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Assessment of diastolic dysfunction: comparison of different cardiovascular magnetic resonance techniques.

ESC Heart Fail 2020 10 20;7(5):2637-2649. Epub 2020 Jul 20.

Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Working Group on Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, Experimental and Clinical Research Center, a joint cooperation between the Charité Medical Faculty and the Max Delbrueck Center for Molecular Medicine, Lindenberger Weg 80, Berlin, 13125, Germany.

Aims: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction is still a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, and accurate non-invasive diagnosis of left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction (DD) remains difficult. The current study aimed at identifying the most informative cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) parameters for the assessment of LVDD.

Methods And Results: We prospectively included 50 patients and classified them into three groups: with DD (DD+, n = 15), without (DD-, n = 26), and uncertain (DD±, n = 9). Diagnosis of DD was based on echocardiographic E/E', invasive LV end-diastolic pressure, and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide. CMR was performed at 1.5 T to assess LV and left atrial (LA) morphology, LV diastolic strain rate (SR) by tissue tracking and tagging, myocardial peak velocities by tissue phase mapping, and transmitral inflow profile using phase contrast techniques. Statistics were performed only on definitive DD+ and DD- (total number 41). DD+ showed enlarged LA with LA end-diastolic volume/height performing best to identify DD+ with a cut-off value of ≥0.52 mL/cm (sensitivity = 0.71, specificity = 0.84, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve = 0.75). DD+ showed significantly reduced radial (inferolateral E peak: DD-: -14.5 ± 6.5%/s vs. DD+: -10.9 ± 5.9%/s, P = 0.04; anterolateral A peak: DD-: -4.2 ± 1.6%/s vs. DD+: -3.1 ± 1.4%/s, P = 0.04) and circumferential (inferolateral A peak: DD-: 3.8 ± 1.2%/s vs. DD+: 2.8 ± 0.8%/s, P = 0.007; anterolateral A peak: DD-: 3.5 ± 1.2%/s vs. DD+: 2.5 ± 0.8%/s, P = 0.048) SR in the basal lateral wall assessed by tissue tracking. In the same segments, DD+ showed lower peak myocardial velocity by tissue phase mapping (inferolateral radial peak: DD-: -3.6 ± 0.7 ms vs. DD+: -2.8 ± 1.0 ms, P = 0.017; anterolateral longitudinal peak: DD-: -5.0 ± 1.8 ms vs. DD+: -3.4 ± 1.4 ms, P = 0.006). Tagging revealed reduced global longitudinal SR in DD+ (DD-: 45.8 ± 12.0%/s vs. DD+: 34.8 ± 9.2%/s, P = 0.022). Global circumferential and radial SR by tissue tracking and tagging, LV morphology, and transmitral flow did not differ between DD+ and DD-.

Conclusions: Left atrial size and regional quantitative myocardial deformation applying CMR identified best patients with DD.
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October 2020

Auto-threshold quantification of late gadolinium enhancement in patients with acute heart disease.

J Magn Reson Imaging 2013 Feb 25;37(2):382-90. Epub 2012 Sep 25.

Stephenson Cardiovascular MR Centre, Libin Cardiovascular Institute of Alberta, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Purpose: To assess the Otsu-Auto-Threshold (OAT) for accuracy and reproducibility for sizing irreversible injury in late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) images of patients with acute heart disease. The OAT method automatically identifies high signal intensity areas using a cutoff derived from the signal intensity histogram and therefore is user-independent.

Materials And Methods: LGE was performed in 28 patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and 30 patients with acute myocarditis. LGE mass was compared between OAT and thresholds using 2 standard deviations (SD), 3SD, and 5SD above remote myocardium, and full-width-at-half-maximum (FWHM). A separate, blinded visual assessment served as the standard of truth.

Results: In patients with acute MI, OAT and 5SD did not differ (26.1 ± 11.4 g vs. 25.4 ± 11.1 g, P = 0.088), but thresholds of 2SD and 3SD overestimated LGE mass by 37% and 20%, respectively, and FWHM underestimated by 15%. In acute myocarditis, OAT was not different from a visual quantification, but thresholds of 2SD and 3SD overestimated LGE mass by 46% and 19%, respectively, and thresholds of 5SD and FWHM underestimated LGE mass by 17% and 26%, respectively. OAT and FWHM showed the best intraobserver and interobserver reproducibility.

Conclusion: Automatic thresholding using OAT may serve as an accurate and reproducible method to quantify irreversible myocardial injury in acute heart disease.
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February 2013