Publications by authors named "Phennapha Klangsinsirikul"

6 Publications

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and : Alleles Potentially Associated with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada in Northern Thai Patients.

Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2021 Feb 23;29(2):260-263. Epub 2020 Sep 23.

Division of Transfusion Science, Department of Medical Technology, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Purpose: To determine the frequency and association of alleles at human leukocyte antigen (HLA)- and loci in VKH disease patients from Northern Thailand.

Methods: A case-control study was conducted with three subject groups: 23 VKH patients, 20 patients with other uveitis entities, and 40 healthy blood donors. and loci were analyzed and the frequency of and alleles was calculated by direct counting. The measure of association was calculated by odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval.

Results: In VKH patients, the most prevalent allele was , found in 35% of patients and with the highest OR (42.13). was the next most prevalent, found in 23.91% of VKH patients. was also detected in 23.91% of patients; however, a higher prevalence was observed in non-VKH and healthy controls (30% and 35%, respectively).

Conclusion: and could be potential genetic markers for VKH.
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February 2021

Mixed-field agglutination observed in column agglutination testing is not always associated with the A3 subgroup.

Immunohematology 2018 Jun;34(2):49-56

Division of Transfusion Science, Department of Medical Technology, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University.

Conclusions: Mixed-field agglutination (MFA) can be observed in forward typing of samples from A3 individuals with serologic ABO typing methods. The results of column agglutination testing (CAT) and tube agglutination testing using different antibody clones can be discordant. In this report, we reveal our experience using polymerase chain reaction-sequence-based typing (PCR-SBT) of ABO exon 7 to clarify serologic method discordance of A subgroup blood typing in Northern Thai donors. A total of 21 group A blood donors with either MFA or weak agglutination on routine ABO CAT were recalled. CAT was repeated with human and monoclonal anti-A, and tube agglutination testing with monoclonal anti-A and PCR-SBT of ABO exon 7 was performed. A total of 13 of the 21 donors returned, and ABO CAT with human anti-A was repeated. Eleven samples showed MFA suspected to be the A3 subgroup, and two samples showed 2+ strength suspected to be the Aweak subgroup. When tube agglutination testing using monoclonal antibody was performed, MFA was not observed in 9 of 11 samples with previously observed MFA from routine CAT, which were then interpreted as A2. From PCR-SBT performed in only exon 7 of the ABO gene, 7 of 13 sample results were consistent with ABO*A2 or ABO*AW alleles. Two samples suspected to be A2 or A3 had an ABO*AW allele. In two samples suspected to be Aweak, no mutation was detected in ABO exon 7, suggesting genetic variation elsewhere in the gene. Although other coding exons were not examined, in the alleles that could be assigned, ABO*A3 alleles were found less frequently than would be predicted from the serologic findings. These findings suggest that when MFA in routine CAT is observed, an A3 subgroup cannot be presumed. Caution should be exercised when MFA is noted in routine CAT.
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June 2018

Long-term survival in infantile malignant autosomal recessive osteopetrosis secondary to homozygous p.Arg526Gln mutation in CLCN7.

Am J Med Genet A 2012 Apr 14;158A(4):909-16. Epub 2012 Mar 14.

Faculty of Dentistry, Division of Pediatric Dentistry, Department of Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, Craniofacial Genetics Laboratory, Chiang Mai University, DENTALAND CLINIC, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Infantile malignant autosomal recessive osteopetrosis (ARO; OMIM 259700) has been reported to be associated with mutations in TCIRG1, CLCN7, or OSTM1. ARO caused by homozygous (or compound heterozygous) mutations in CLCN7, as described here, is usually diagnosed at birth or early in infancy due to generalized osteosclerosis and severe hematologic deficits. The maximal life expectancy of patients with ARO in the absence of bone marrow transplantation is thought to be 10 years. We report on a 25-year-old Thai man who is affected with ARO. Clinical features include proportionate short stature, vision impairment, esotropia, exophthalmos, mild hearing loss, and hepatosplenomegaly. Pancytopenia was present and the patient had frequent illnesses. Radiographs showed generalized osteosclerosis with almost no visible of bone marrow spaces. Dense maxilla and mandible with impacted and malformed teeth were observed. Multiple fractures were reported. He developed osteomyelitis of the mandible on four separate occasions, and partial mandibulectomy was performed. Molecular studies showed that there were no pathogenic mutations in TCIRG1. However, mutation analysis of CLCN7 revealed a homozygous missense mutation (p.Arg526Gln). This patient is, it appears, the longest lived individual with ARO ever reported. Evaluation of osteoclastogenesis in our patient demonstrated very large immature osteoclasts with a high number of nuclei.
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April 2012

Characteristics of lymphocyte subsets in HIV-infected, long-term nonprogressor, and healthy Asian children through 12 years of age.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2010 Dec;126(6):1294-301.e10

HIV Netherlands Australia Thailand Research Collaboration, Thai Red Cross AIDS Research Center, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: There are limited data on the immune profiles of HIV-positive children compared with healthy controls, and no such data for Asian children.

Objectives: To immunophenotype HIV-positive Asian children, including long-term nonprogressors (LTNPs), compared with age-matched healthy controls.

Methods: We used flow cytometry to analyze 13 lymphocyte and monocyte subsets from 222 untreated, HIV-positive children with 15% to 24% CD4(+) T cells and no AIDS-related illnesses and 142 healthy children (controls). Data were compared among age categories. Profiles from LTNPs (n = 50), defined as children ≥8 years old with CD4(+) T-cell counts ≥350 cells/mm(3), were compared with data from age-matched non-LTNPs (n = 17) and controls (n = 53).

Results: Compared with controls, HIV-positive children had lower values (cell count per mm(3) and percent distribution) for T(H) cells and higher values for cytotoxic T cells, with reductions in populations of naive T(H) and cytotoxic T cells, B cells, and natural killer (NK) cells. HIV-positive children had high values for activated T(H) and cytotoxic T cells. Compared with non-LTNPs, LTNPs had higher values of T(H) and cytotoxic T cells, naive and memory T-cell subsets, and B and NK cells. Surprisingly, counts of activated T(H) and cytotoxic T cells were also higher among LTNPs. LNTPs were more frequently male.

Conclusion: Untreated, HIV-infected Asian children have immune profiles that differ from those of controls, characterized by low values for T(H) cells, naive T cells, B cells, and NK cells but high values for cytotoxic, activated T(H), and cytotoxic T cells. The higher values for activated T cells observed in LTNPs require confirmation in longitudinal studies.
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December 2010

Peripheral blood stem cell harvests from G-CSF-stimulated donors contain a skewed Th2 CD4 phenotype and a predominance of type 2 dendritic cells.

Exp Hematol 2002 May;30(5):495-501

Division of Haematology, School of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.

Objective: To assess the numbers and function of dendritic cell (DC) subsets and T helper cells in bone marrow (BM) and peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) harvests.

Patients And Methods: DC subsets in stem cell grafts were analyzed using three-color flow cytometry. Intracellular cytokine staining and the staining of IL-12Rbeta2 were used for determining the proportion of Th1-, Th2-, and IL-12-producing DC in the grafts. The ability of DC1 and DC2 to induce T-cell proliferation and cytokine secretion were studied using thymidine incorporation and ELISA techniques.

Results: PBSC recipients received a significantly higher number of DC2 than BM recipients and a lower proportion of IL-12-producing DC. Purified DC1 from both BM and PBSC grafts were capable of inducing proliferation of allogeneic T cells and also induced a predominant Th1 response when cultured with CD4(+)/CD45RA(+) cells. In contrast, DC2 induced a predominant Th2 cytokine response. PBSC grafts contained a higher number of both Th1 and Th2 cells compared to BM grafts; however, as a consequence of the increased number of Th2 cells the ratio of Th1:Th2 cells in PBSC grafts was 1.1:1 compared to 9.8:1 in BM. Furthermore, following in vitro activation of T cells, PBSC grafts contained a lower proportion of IL-12Rbeta2(+) T cells.

Conclusion: G-CSF does not have a direct effect on DC function but acts to increase the numbers of DC2 in the blood of PBSC donors. This is associated with a higher proportion of Th2 cells present in PBSC grafts and T cells in PBSC grafts were less likely to develop a Th1 response following in vitro activation.
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May 2002

Campath-1G causes rapid depletion of circulating host dendritic cells (DCs) before allogeneic transplantation but does not delay donor DC reconstitution.

Blood 2002 Apr;99(7):2586-91

Division of Haematology, School of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, University of Nottingham, City Hospital, Hucknall Road, Nottingham NG5 1PB, United Kingdom.

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), a major complication after allogeneic transplantation, can be abrogated by the Campath (anti-CD52) monoclonal antibody. The induction of acute GVHD requires host antigens to be presented to donor T cells by antigen-presenting cells (APCs). Recent evidence has suggested that only host APCs can interact with donor T cells in the induction of GVHD. Because CD52 has been reported to be expressed on DCs, we reasoned that pretransplant Campath-1G might have a direct effect on circulating DCs in addition to any effects on donor T cells. Using direct immunostaining, we demonstrated expression of CD52 on DCs and that Campath-1G killed purified DCs in vitro. In vivo Campath also depleted DCs. Twenty-four hours after the first dose of Campath-1G, circulating DCs were reduced by a mean of 79% (range, 44%-96%). By day 0 after 5 doses of Campath-1G and chemoradiotherapy conditioning, DCs became undetectable in 7 of 9 cases, whereas in 6 of 7 patients receiving conditioning therapy without Campath-1G, host DCs were still detectable. The reconstitution of circulating DCs after transplantation was not affected by Campath-1G and in both groups DC1 (CD11c(+)) recovered more rapidly than DC2 (CD11c(-)). Analysis of chimerism confirmed that the DCs recovering after transplantation in patients receiving Campath-1G were of donor origin. We conclude that in vivo Campath-1G causes a rapid depletion of host circulating DCs and that this may, in part, explain the low incidence of acute GVHD. The reconstitution of donor DCs was not delayed, which may be important in preserving immune reconstitution.
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April 2002