Publications by authors named "Peter O Bilovitz"

15 Publications

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The lichens of the Alps - an annotated checklist.

MycoKeys 2018 12(31):1-634. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Institute of Plant Sciences, NAWI Graz, University of Graz, Holteigasse 6, 8010 Graz, Austria.

This is the first attempt to provide an overview of the lichen diversity of the Alps, one of the biogegraphically most important and emblematic mountain systems worldwide. The checklist includes all lichenised species, plus a set of non- or doubtfully lichenised taxa frequently treated by lichenologists, excluding non-lichenised lichenicolous fungi. Largely based on recent national or regional checklists, it provides a list of all infrageneric taxa (with synonyms) hitherto reported from the Alps, with data on their distribution in eight countries (Austria, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Italy, Slovenia, Switzerland) and in 42 Operational Geographic Units, mostly corresponding to administrative subdivisions within the countries. Data on the main substrates and on the altitudinal distribution are also provided. A short note points to the main ecological requirements of each taxon and/or to open taxonomic problems. Particularly poorly known taxa are flagged and often provided with a short description, to attract the attention of specialists. The total number of infrageneric taxa is 3,163, including 117 non- or doubtfully lichenised taxa. The richness of the lichen biota fairly well corresponds with the percent of the Alpine area occupied by each country: Austria (2,337 taxa), Italy (2,169), France (2,028), Switzerland (1,835), Germany (1,168), Slovenia (890) and Lichtenstein (152), no lichen having ever been reported from Monaco. The number of poorly known taxa is quite high (604, 19.1% of the total), which indicates that, in spite of the Alps being one of the lichenologically most studied mountain systems worldwide, much work is still needed to reach a satisfactory picture of their real lichen diversity. Thirteen new combinations are proposed in the genera , , , , , , , , , and .
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/mycokeys.31.23568DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5914158PMC
March 2018

Terricolous Lichens in the Glacier Forefield of the Pasterze (Eastern Alps, Carinthia, Austria).

Phyton 2015 Dec;55(2):201-214

Institute of Plant Sciences, NAWI Graz, University of Graz, Holteigasse 6, 8010 Graz, Austria, Europe.

The investigation of lichens on soil, plant debris and terricolous mosses in the glacier forefield of the Pasterze yielded 35 lichen species. Breuss () is new to Austria. Three sampling sites were established at increasing distance from the glacier, in order to compare species diversity, abundance and composition within the forefield and with four other glacier forefields of the Eastern Alps.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12905/0380.phyton55(2)2015-0201DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4746754PMC
December 2015

Terricolous Lichens in the Glacier Forefield of the Morteratsch Glacier (Eastern Alps, Graubünden, Switzerland).

Phyton 2015 Dec;55(2):193-199

Institute of Plant Sciences, NAWI Graz, University of Graz, Holteigasse 6, 8010 Graz, Austria, Europe.

Three sampling sites were established at increasing distance from the Morteratsch glacier to investigate lichen communities on soil in the glacier forefield. The survey yielded 13 lichen species and one lichenicolous fungus. (Nyl. ex Vain.) Lojka () is new to the canton of Graubünden.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12905/0380.phyton55(2)2015-0193DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4746748PMC
December 2015

Terricolous Lichens in the Glacier Forefield of the Rötkees (Eastern Alps, South Tyrol, Italy).

Phyton 2014 Nov;54(2):245-250

Institute of Plant Sciences, University of Graz, Holteigasse 6, 8010 Graz, Austria, Europe.

The investigation of lichens on soil, plant debris and terricolous mosses in the glacier forefield of the Rötkees yielded 31 lichen taxa (29 species and 2 varieties) and one lichenicolous fungus. Hedl. () is new to Italy. Three sampling sites were established at increasing distance from the glacier, in order to compare species diversity, abundance and composition.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12905/0380.phyton54(2)2014-0245DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4746750PMC
November 2014

Terricolous lichens in the glacier forefield of the Matscherferner (Eastern Alps, South Tyrol, Italy).

Acta Zoobot Austria 2014;150-151:197-202

University of Graz, Institute of Plant Sciences, NAWI Graz, Holteigasse 6, 8010 Graz, Austria.

Two sampling sites were established at increasing distance from the glacier to investigate lichen communities on soil, plant debris and terricolous mosses in the glacier forefield of the Matscherferner. The survey yielded 34 lichen species and one lichenicolous fungus. In addition, 19 lichen species and one lichenicolous fungus were found by collecting at random, outside the two sampling sites.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4813759PMC
January 2014

Terricolous Lichens in the Glacier Forefield of the Gaisbergferner (Eastern Alps, Tyrol, Austria).

Phyton 2014;54(2):235-243

Institute of Plant Sciences, University of Graz, Holteigasse 6, 8010 Graz, Austria, Europe.

The investigation of lichens on soil, plant debris and terricolous mosses in the glacier forefield of the Gaisbergferner yielded 41 lichen taxa (39 species and 2 varieties) and one lichenicolous fungus. Three sampling sites were established at increasing distance from the glacier, in order to compare species diversity, abundance and composition.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12905/0380.phyton54(2)2014-0235DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4747090PMC
January 2014

Lichenized fungi of a chestnut grove in Livari (Rumija, Montenegro).

Acta Bot Croat 2013 Oct;72(2):337-346

Institute of Plant Sciences, Karl-Franzens-University Graz, Holteigasse 6, 8010 Graz, Austria.

Sixty taxa (59 species and 1 variety) of lichenized fungi are reported from a chestnut grove in Livari. The majority of them (55 species and 1 variety) occurred on . The recently described is new to the Balkan Peninsula. The lichenicolous fungus growing on is new to Montenegro. The lichen mycota is compared with similar localities in Italy and Switzerland. The species composition in Livari is most similar to the Montieri site in Tuscany.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/botcro-2013-0006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4746756PMC
October 2013

Hitchhiking with forests: population genetics of the epiphytic lichen Lobaria pulmonaria in primeval and managed forests in southeastern Europe.

Ecol Evol 2012 Sep 1;2(9):2223-40. Epub 2012 Aug 1.

Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL Zürcherstrasse 111, 8903, Birmensdorf, Switzerland.

Availability of suitable trees is a primary determinant of range contractions and expansions of epiphytic species. However, switches between carrier tree species may blur co-phylogeographic patterns. We identified glacial refugia in southeastern Europe for the tree-colonizing lichen Lobaria pulmonaria, studied the importance of primeval forest reserves for the conservation of genetically diverse populations and analyzed differences in spatial genetic structure between primeval and managed forests with fungus-specific microsatellite markers. Populations belonged to either of two genepools or were admixed. Gene diversity was higher in primeval than in managed forests. At small distances up to 170 m, genotype diversity was lower in managed compared with primeval forests. We found significant associations between groups of tree species and two L. pulmonaria genepools, which may indicate "hitchhiking" of L. pulmonaria on forest communities during postglacial migration. Genepool B of L. pulmonaria was associated with European Beech (Fagus sylvatica) and we can hypothesize that genepool B survived the last glaciation associated within the refuge of European Beech on the Coastal and Central Dinarides. The allelic richness of genepool A was highest in the Alps, which is the evidence for a northern refuge of L. pulmonaria. Vicariant altitudinal distributions of the two genepools suggest intraspecific ecological differentiation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.341DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3488673PMC
September 2012

Epiphytic lichen mycota of the virgin forest reserve Rajhenavski Rog (Slovenia).

Herzogia 2011 Dec;24(2):315-324

A list of 128 taxa (127 species) of lichens, 6 species of lichenicolous fungi and 2 non-lichenized fungi traditionally included in lichenological literature from the virgin forest Rajhenavski Rog and its surroundings in the southeastern part of Slovenia is presented. The lichen Gyalecta derivata, the lichenicolous fungus Homostegia piggotii, and the non-lichenized fungus Mycomicrothelia pachnea are new to Slovenia. The lichenized fungi Chaenotheca trichialis, C. xyloxena, Lecanactis abietina, Lecanora thysanophora, Pertusaria ophthalmiza, the lichenicolous fungi Monodictys epilepraria, Tremella hypogymniae, Taeniolella friesii, and the non-lichenized fungus Chaenothecopsis pusilla are new to the Dinaric phytogeographical region of Slovenia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.13158/heia.24.2.2011.315DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3430848PMC
December 2011

Epiphytic lichens and lichenicolous fungi from the northern part of Montenegro.

Herzogia 2010 Dec;23(2):249-256

Institute of Plant Sciences, Karl-Franzens-University Graz, Holteigasse 6, 8010 Graz, Austria.

A list of 120 taxa of lichens (117 species) and three species of lichenicolous fungi from the northern part of Montenegro is presented. The lichens Biatora chrysantha, Caloplaca monacensis, Candelariella efflorescens, Loxospora elatina, Micarea adnata, Ochrolechia arborea, O. microstictoides, Phaeophyscia nigricans, Physconia enteroxantha, Ph. grisea, Rinodina capensis, R. polysporoides, R. pyrina, Scoliciosporum umbrinum var. corticolum, Xanthoria candelaria, X. ulophyllodes and the lichenicolous fungi Lichenodiplis lecanorae, Telogalla olivieri, and Xanthoriicola physciae are new to Montenegro.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.13158/heia.23.2.2010.249DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3272433PMC
December 2010

Additional lichens and some lichenicolous fungi from the Una National Park (Bosnia and Herzegovina).

Fritschiana (Graz) 2010 Sep;67:27-32

Institute of Plant Sciences, Karl-Franzens-University Graz, Holteigasse 6, A-8010 Graz, AUSTRIA.

A list of 62 taxa (61 species) of lichens and 7 species of lichenicolous fungi from the Una National Park in the north-western part of Bosnia and Herzegovina is presented. The lichens Caloplaca crenulatella, Dimerella pineti, Lecanora expallens, Lopadium disciforme, Placynthiella icmalea, Toninia athallina and the lichenicolous fungi Abrothallus bertianus, A. parmeliarum, Cornutispora lichenicola, Endococcus rugulosus, and Sphaerellothecium parmeliae are new to Bosnia and Herzegovina.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3217254PMC
September 2010

Catalogue of the Lichenized and Lichenicolous Fungi of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Phyton 2010 Jun;51(1):1-67

Mag. Dr. Peter O. Bilovitz, Ao. Univ.-Prof. Mag. Dr. Helmut Mayrhofer, Institute of Plant Sciences, Karl-Franzens-University Graz, Holteigasse 6, 8010 Graz, Austria, Europe; ,

The catalogue is based on a comprehensive evaluation of 152 published sources. It includes 624 species (with 4 subspecies and 13 varieties) of lichenized and 17 species of lichenicolous Ascomycota, as well as 9 non-lichenized Ascomycota traditionally included in lichenological literature.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3223598PMC
June 2010

Lichens from the Una National Park (Bosnia and Herzegovina).

Fritschiana (Graz) 2009 Aug;65:47-51

Institute of Plant Sciences, Karl-Franzens-University Graz, Holteigasse 6, A-8010 Graz, AUSTRIA.

A list of 57 taxa of lichens (56 species) from the Una National Park in the north-western part of Bosnia and Herzegovina is presented. Bacidia subincompta, Buellia griseovirens, Candelariella reflexa, Cetrelia monachorum, Fulgensia subbacteata, Lecanora subcarpinea, L. subrugosa, and Trapeliopsis viridescens are new for Bosnia and Herzegovina.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3272434PMC
August 2009

A contribution to the lichenized fungi of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Fritschiana (Graz) 2009 Aug;65:53-56

Institute of Plant Sciences, Karl-Franzens-University Graz, Holteigasse 6, A-8010 Graz, AUSTRIA.

A list of 27 species of lichenized fungi from Bosnia and Herzegovina is presented, based on herbarium specimens kept in GZU. Six species are new to Bosnia and Herzegovina: Fuscopannaria sampaiana, Lecidea tessellata, Micarea melaena, Rinodina polysporoides, Usnea barbata, and Xanthoparmelia verruculifera.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3272430PMC
August 2009

New or otherwise interesting lichenized and lichenicolous fungi from Montenegro.

Fritschiana (Graz) 2008 Dec;62:1-44

Institute of Plant Sciences, Karl-Franzens-University Graz, Holteigasse 6, A-8010 Graz, AUSTRIA.

A list of 256 taxa of lichens (252 species) and 2 species of lichenicolous fungi from Montenegro is presented, including 58 taxa (57 species) new to Montenegro. The list is based on specimens kept in the lichen collections of the herbaria GZU, H, Podgorica, and in the private herbarium of Klaus Kalb, and on recent field work in various parts of the country. The genera Biatoridium, Carbonea, Cercidospora, Heppia, Hyperphyscia, Hypocenomyce, Leprocaulon, Lethariella, Megalospora, Orphniospora, Psorinia and Vahliella are reported from Montenegro for the first time.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3217253PMC
December 2008
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