B.Pharm. Hons ,MMed
University of Technology Sydney
PhD Student/Research Assistant
Sydney, NSW | Australia
Main Specialties: Epidemiology, Infectious Disease, Pharmacology, Public Health
I'm trained pharmacy professional, academician and health researcher with a decade experience in drug regulation, pharmacovigilance, pharmacy practice and education, drug discovery, public health and complementary and alternative medicine research and practice. I'm a team player and someone who is willing to learn and share knowledge and skills gained to promote health and well-being
Primary Affiliation: University of Technology Sydney - Sydney, NSW , Australia
22PubMed Central Citations
BMJ Global Health 2018;3(5):e000895.
BMJ Global Health
Background The WHO estimates that a considerable number of people in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) rely on traditional, complementary and alternative medicine (TCAM) to meet their primary healthcare needs, yet there remains a dearth of research evidence on the overall picture of TCAM utilisation in the region. Methods We conducted a literature search of original articles examining TCAM use in SSA between 1 January 2006 and 28 February 2017, employing Medline, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, Scopus, ProQuest, PubMed, Embase and African Journals Online databases. A critical appraisal of relevant articles reporting a quantitative or mixed-method design was undertaken. Results Despite the heterogeneity and general low quality of the identified literature, the review highlights a relatively high use of TCAM alone or in combination with orthodox medicine, in both general population and in specific health conditions in SSA. TCAM users compared with non-TCAM users are more likely to be of low socioeconomic and educational status, while there were inconsistencies in age, sex, spatial location and religious affiliation between TCAM users and non-TCAM users. Most TCAM users (55.8%–100%) in SSA fail to disclose TCAM use to their healthcare providers, with the main reasons for non-disclosure being fear of receiving improper care, healthcare providers’ negative attitude and a lack of enquiry about TCAM use from healthcare providers. Conclusion TCAM use in SSA is significant, although most studies emerge from a few countries. Factors associated with TCAM use in SSA are similar to those observed in other regions, but further research may be required to further elucidate challenges and opportunities related to TCAM use specific to SSA.
Women Birth 2018 Oct 16;31(5):e302-e309. Epub 2017 Dec 16.
Australian Research Centre in Complementary and Integrative Medicine, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Level 8, Building 10, 235-253 Jones Street, Ultimo, NSW 2007, Australia; Endeavour College of Natural Health, Level 2, 269 Wickham St, Fortitude Valley, Brisbane, QLD 4006, Australia. Electronic address:
Neurochem Res 2018 May 9;43(5):1096-1103. Epub 2018 Apr 9.
Tianjin State Key Laboratory of Modern Chinese Medicine, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Traditional Chinese Medicine Pharmacology, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, #312 Anshanxi Road, Nankai District, Tianjin, 300193, China.
Complement Ther Clin Pract 2018 May 5;31:7-15. Epub 2018 Jan 5.
Australian Research Centre in Complementary and Integrative Medicine, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo, Sydney, NSW 2007, Australia. Electronic address:
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2018 22;2018:9493807. Epub 2018 Apr 22.
34 Military Hospital, Freetown, Sierra Leone.
Pharmacy (Basel) 2018 Jan 4;6(1). Epub 2018 Jan 4.
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan 25200, Malaysia.
BMC Public Health 2017 09 5;17(1):692. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
School of Pharmacy, Monash University Malaysia, 45700, Bandar Sunway, Selangor, Malaysia.
Journal of Phytomedicine and Therapeutics. 2016;15(2):65-77.
Journal of Phytomedicine andTherapeutic
Zhen Tian Wan (ZTW), decoction consisting of seven herbs including Rhizoma ligustici,Radix Angelicae sinensis, Ledebouriella sesloides, Radix Angelica pubescentis, Flos carthami, Ramulus uncariae cumuncis and Radix Angelica dahuricae, has been widely used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) , as treatment for headaches, migraine, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), and in soothing the nervous systems. The objective of the study was to investigate the neuroprotective effects of the formula using the Pial-strip model and Morris water maze analysis in rats. Doses of 1600, 3200 and 6400 mg/kg body wt orally were used. Dihydroergocristine 0.4 mg/kg p.o was used as the reference standard. The contents of malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitric oxide (NO), and the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the hippocampus and cortex were measured using thiobarbituric acid, nitrate reductase and xanthine-xanthine oxidase spectrophotometric methods, respectively. ZTW 1600- 6400mg/kg daily doses to pial strip-lesioned rats for 36 d, from day 6-42 after pial strip significantly reduced the prolonged latency and increased the swimming time spent within the target quadrant. The increased contents of MDA and NO and the decreased activities of SOD induced by the pial strip were significantly improved. ZTW significantly reduced the level of free radicals in pial stripped rats. ZTW can improve learning and memory function and it possess anti-oxidant activity. ZTW may be beneficial in the treatment of vascular dementia.
S Afr Med J 2016 Jun 17;106(7):709-14. Epub 2016 Jun 17.
School of International Economics and Trade, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, China; Department of Internal Medicine - Gastroenterology, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease
BMC Complement Altern Med 2016 Apr 27;16:121. Epub 2016 Apr 27.
Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Medicine and Allied Health Sciences, University of Sierra Leone, Freetown First Floor Administrative Building Connaught Hospital, Freetown, Sierra Leone.
JAMES, Peter Bai; COLE, Christine Princess. Intern pharmacists' perceived preparedness for practice, their extent of involvement in pharmacy related activities and future career choices in Sierra Leone: A baseline descriptive survey. Pharmacy Education, [S.l.], v. 16, Feb. 2016. ISSN 1477-2701. Avai
Abstract Objective: To assess intern pharmacists’ perceived preparedness for practice, document the extent of their involvement. in selected pharmacy related activities during the internship period, as well as determine their future career path. Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among intern pharmacists using an eight item questionnaire. Simple descriptive statistics were used to calculate frequency counts and percentages with regard to respondent demographics and Likert scale responses. Results: Eighty-five percent of the 20 respondents perceived that they are prepared to perform dispensing and retail, and patient care activities with only half of them in multidisciplinary team care but not pharmaceutical business management (13, 65%). Close to two-thirds of respondents were often involved in patient care (13, 65%). Only six (30%) were often part of a multidisciplinary health care team. Nearly all (18, 90%) want to work in an environment with more patient contact. Conclusion: This study suggests that intern pharmacists in Sierra Leone perceived to a large extent they are prepared for and were involved in most pharmacy related activities considered in this study except for multidisciplinary team care which seems to be limited; although they would prefer to work in a clinical setting in the future.
J Basic Clin Pharm 2015 Sep;6(4):109-14
Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics, University of Sierra Leone, Sierra Leone.
BMC Complement Altern Med 2014 Nov 8;14:438. Epub 2014 Nov 8.
Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Medicine and Allied Health Sciences, University of Sierra Leone, Freetown, Sierra Leone.