Publications by authors named "Petar Zlatanovic"

16 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Open Surgical Treatment of Acute Spontaneous Isolated Abdominal Aortic Dissection.

Ann Vasc Surg 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade; Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Serbia.

Background: The aim of this paper is to report our single-center experience in the open surgical treatment of acute spontaneous infrarenal isolated abdominal aortic dissection (siIAAD).

Methods: This was a single center retrospective study. Between January 2015 and 2020 ten patients were treated due to acute siIAAD with open surgery. There were no patients treated for chronic siIAAD in this time period. Patients who had concomitant thoracic aortic involvement were excluded from this report.

Results: The group consisted of 7 male and 3 female patients. History of hypertension was present in nine patients and six were active smokers. The abdominal/back pain was described in 9 patients, two had acute limb ischemia and three had aortic rupture. Median dissection length was 91 mm (65.7 - 106), median distance from the lowest renal artery was 30 mm (20.7 - 49.3) and median abdominal aortic diameter was 58.5 mm (32.5 - 66.2). Supracoeliac clamp was used in three cases with a ruptured aorta and suprarenal in two patients. The mean duration of proximal clamping time was 24.3 ± 7.49 min. One patient died of postoperative acute myocardial infarction, one suffered nonfatal pulmonary embolism and one had deep venous thrombosis. No aortic-related deaths and/or reinterventions occurred during the median follow-up of 32 months.

Conclusions: Acute siIAAD is a rare event which affects mostly male smokers with hypertension. Open surgery is a technically demanding procedure with acceptable complication rates and should be performed in specialized high-volume centers for the treatment of aortic disease. Future efforts to establish a multicenter registry to evaluate the prevalence of the disease and treatment options could provide better and more comprehensive guidelines for the treatment of acute siIAAAD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2021.02.035DOI Listing
April 2021

Impact of Bypass Flow Assessment on Long-Term Outcomes in Patients with Chronic Limb-Threatening Ischemia.

World J Surg 2021 Jul 17;45(7):2280-2289. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Dr Koste Todorovica 8, 11000, Belgrade, Serbia.

Background: Transit time flow meter (TTFM) allows quick and accurate intraoperative graft assessment. The main study goal is to evaluate the influence of graft flow measurements on long-term clinical outcomes in patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) undergoing bellow the knee (BTK) vein bypass surgery.

Methods: Between January 1st, 1999 and January 1st, 2006, 976 CLTI consecutive patients underwent lower extremity bypass surgery. When applying the exclusion criteria, 249 patients were included in the final analysis. Control measurements were performed at the end of the procedure. Patients were divided according to the mean (more/less than 100 ml/min) and diastolic graft flow (more/less than 40 ml/min) values in four groups. The primary endpoints were a major adverse limb event (male) and primary graft patency.

Results: After the median follow-up of 68 months, a group with the mean graft flow below 100 ml/min and the diastolic graft flow below 40 ml/min had the highest rates of male (χ = 36.60, DF = 1, P < 0.01, log-rank test) and the worst primary graft patency (χ = 53.05, DF = 1, P < 0.01, log-rank test).

Conclusion: In patients with CLTI undergoing BTK vein bypass surgery, TTFM parameters, especially combined impact of mean graft flow less than 100 ml/min and diastolic graft flow less than 40 ml/min, were associated with an increased risk of poor long-term male and primary graft patency.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00268-021-06046-yDOI Listing
July 2021

Comparison of Long Term Outcomes After Endovascular Treatment Versus Bypass Surgery in Chronic Limb Threatening Ischaemia Patients with Long Femoropopliteal Lesions.

Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2021 02 15;61(2):258-269. Epub 2020 Dec 15.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia; Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Serbia.

Objective: There are currently two treatments available for patients with chronic limb threatening ischaemia (CLTI): open surgical bypass (OSB) and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with/without stenting (PTA/S). The aim of this study was to compare short and long term outcomes between PTA/S and OSB in CLTI patients with long (GLASS grade III and IV) femoropopliteal disease.

Methods: This was a two centre retrospective study including all consecutive patients with CLTI undergoing first time lower extremity intervention at two distinct vascular surgical centres. Between 1 January 2012 and 1 January 2018, 1 545 CLTI consecutive limbs were treated for femoropopliteal GLASS grade III and IV lesions at two vascular surgical centres. Using covariables from baseline and angiographic characteristics, a propensity score was calculated for each limb. Thus, comparable patient cohorts (235 in PTA/S and 235 in OSB group) were identified for further analysis. The primary outcomes were freedom from re-intervention in the treated extremity and major amputation. Secondary outcomes were all hospital complications among the two patient groups.

Results: Total overall complication rates were significantly higher in the OSB group (20.42% vs. 5.96%, p < .001), especially wound infection/seroma rate that required prolonged hospitalisation and further treatment (7.65% vs. 0%, p < .001). After the median follow up of 61 months, re-intervention rates were significantly higher in the PTA/S group (log rank test, 44.68% vs. 29.79%, p = .002), but there was no significant difference in terms of major amputation rates between the two group of patients (log rank test, PTA/S 27.23% vs. OSB 22.13%, p = .17).

Conclusion: Bypass surgery seems to be superior to PTA/S for GLASS grade III and IV femoropopliteal lesions in patients with CLTI in terms of long term re-intervention rates, but with considerably higher rates of post-operative complications. A larger cohort of patients in currently ongoing randomised trials, as well as prospective cohort studies are necessary to confirm these findings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2020.11.009DOI Listing
February 2021

Open Vascular Surgery Education: Need for the Second Step.

Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2021 01 14;61(1):155-156. Epub 2020 Nov 14.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2020.10.011DOI Listing
January 2021

Predictors of in-hospital mortality and complications in acute aortic occlusion: a comparative analysis of patients with embolism and in-situ thrombosis.

J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) 2021 Apr 4;62(2):146-152. Epub 2020 Sep 4.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

Background: Acute aortic occlusion (AAO) represents potentially fatal acute vascular emergency that requires prompt diagnosis and intervention. Clinical condition of patients with AAO is frequently severely devastated when surgical intervention is questionable. Our objective was to retrospectively review our institutional experience with AAO and assess predictors of intrahospital mortality and morbidity.

Methods: This is a retrospective single-center cohort study with prospectively collected data between January 1, 2005 and January 1, 2018. The total number of 28 consecutive patients with AAO were included in our analysis. Patients with acute aortic thrombosis manifested by bilateral acute limb ischemia were divided in two groups based on potential caues of AAO (embolism or in-situ thrombosis) differentiated according to condition of aortoilical segment.

Results: We identified 28 patients with AAO. All of them underwent either aortobifemoral bypass (N.=20, 71%) or bilateral trans-femoral thrombectomy (N.=8, 29%). The overall in-hospital mortality was 36%. Factors that influenced in-hospital mortality were: paralysis (OR=4.41, 95% CI: 1.88-21.78) and higher lactate values on admission (OR=1.23, 95% CI: 1.09-1.83), postoperative development of severe acute kidney injury (OR=3.08, 95% CI: 1.42-14.66), hemodialysis (OR=10.74, 95% CI: 1.64-109.78) and bowel ischemia (OR=5.19, 95% CI: 1.58-55.63).

Conclusions: Paralysis, higher lactate values, development of acute kidney injury, hemodialysis and bowel ischemia are predictors of worse outcome and may be used for risk stratification of patients with acute aortic occlusion and improve counseling patients and their families about expected postoperative outcomes. Patients with embolism and malignant disease have worse outcome; however, this should be tested in future studies on larger sample.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0021-9509.20.11247-3DOI Listing
April 2021

Influence of preoperative statins and aspirin administration on biological and magnetic resonance imaging properties in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Vasa 2021 Feb 16;50(2):116-124. Epub 2020 Jul 16.

School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Serbia.

: Main objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of statins and/or acetylsalicylic acid on biochemical characteristics of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) wall and intraluminal thrombus (ILT). : Fifty patients with asymptomatic infrarenal AAA were analyzed using magnetic resonance imaging on T1w sequence. Relative ILT signal intensity (SI) was determined as a ratio between ILT and psoas muscle SI. Samples containing the full ILT thickness and aneurysm wall were harvested from the anterior surface at the level of the maximal diameter. The concentration of enzymes such as matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 9, MMP2 and neutrophil elastase (NE/ELA) were analyzed in ILT and AAA wall; while collagen type III, elastin and proteoglycan 4 were analyzed in harvested AAA wall. Oxidative stress in the AAA wall was assessed by catalase and malondialdehyde activity in tissue samples. : Relative ILT signal intensity (1.09 ± 0.41 vs 0.89 ± 0.21, p = 0.013) were higher in non-statin than in statin group. Patients who were taking aspirin had lower relative ILT area (0.89 ± 0.19 vs 1.13. ± 0.44, p = 0.016), and lower relative ILT signal intensity (0.85 [0.73-1.07] vs 1.01 [0.84-1.19], p = 0.021) compared to non-aspirin group. There were higher concentrations of elastin in AAA wall among patients taking both of aspirin and statins (1.21 [0.77-3.02] vs 0.78 (0.49-1.05) ng/ml, p = 0.044) than in patients who did not take both of these drugs. : Relative ILT SI was lower in patients taking statin and aspirin. Combination of antiplatelet therapy and statins was associated with higher elastin concentrations in AAA wall.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1024/0301-1526/a000895DOI Listing
February 2021

Long-term Durability and Safety of Carotid Endarterectomy Closure Techniques.

World J Surg 2020 10;44(10):3545-3554

Vascular Surgery Department, University Hospital of Larissa, Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Thessaly, 41110, Larissa, Greece.

Background: Various techniques have been used for the execution of carotid endarterectomy; primary (PC), patch closure (CP) and eversion technique (ET).The superiority of any of them is still unproven. The aim of this study was to compare the long-term outcomes of each technique in terms of cerebrovascular event (CVE), restenosis, survival and major cardiac event (MACE).

Methods: Between 2007 and 2018, a retrospective analysis of prospectively recorded data from three European tertiary centers was undertaken including 1.357 patients. Demographics, comorbidities and medical treatment were analyzed in relation to long-term outcomes. Freedom from CVE, restenosis (> 70%), survival and MACE were estimated with Kaplan-Meier analysis curve.

Results: The mean age was 69.5 ± 8 (72% males;79% asymptomatic). 472 (35%) were treated with PC, 504 (37%) with CP and 381 (28%) with ET. Differences among groups were observed in age (P < 0.001), gender (P < 0.01), hypertension (P = 0.01), dyslipidemia (P < 0.001) and statin treatment (P < 0.001). The mean follow-up was 4.7 ± 3 years (median: 5 years). Seventy-three patients presented a CVE during 8 years of follow-up. The freedom from CVE including all techniques was 96% (SE 0.6%), 93% (SE 1%) and 89% (SE 1.6%), at 2, 5 and 8 years of follow-up, respectively, with no difference between groups (P .289). Freedom from restenosis was at 96% (SE 0.7%) and 89% (SE 5%) at 5 and 10 years, respectively, for all methods without differences. ET was associated with a higher mortality rate (P < 0.001) and MACE rate (P < 0.001).

Conclusions: Excellent outcomes were achieved with all types of closure techniques with low rates of MACE and other adverse events during long-term follow-up after CEA.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00268-020-05604-0DOI Listing
October 2020

Early and long-term results of open repair of inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms: Comparison with a propensity score-matched cohort.

J Vasc Surg 2020 09 2;72(3):910-917. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia; Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

Objective: The aim of our study was to compare early and long-term results of open repair of patients with inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm (IAAA) with matched cohort of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA).

Methods: This retrospective single-center cohort study used prospectively collected data from an institutional registry from 1786 patients between 2009 and 2015. Patients with IAAA and AAA were matched by propensity score analysis controlling for demographics, baseline comorbidities, and AAA parameters in a 1:2 ratio. Patients were followed for 5 years.

Results: There were 76 patients with IAAA and 152 patients with AAA. Patients with IAAA had more common intraoperative lesion of intraabdominal organs (P = .04), longer in-hospital (P = .035) and intensive care (P = .048) stays and a higher in-hospital mortality rate (P = .012). There were four patients (5.26%) with in-hospital lethal outcome in IAAA there were no deaths in the AAA group. During the follow-up, there was no difference in survival (χ = 0.07; DF = 1; P = .80) and overall aortic related complications (χ = 1.25; DF = 1; P = .26); however, aortic graft infection was more frequent in IAAA group (P = .04).

Conclusions: Open repair of IAAA is challenging and comparing to AAA carries a higher perioperative risk and long-term infection rate, even in high-volume centers. The main causes of complications are intraoperative injury of adjacent organs, bleeding, and coronary events. Patients with AAA in a matched cohort showed equal long-term survival, which should be assessed in bigger registries.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2019.11.040DOI Listing
September 2020

Magnetic resonance imaging assessment of proteolytic enzyme concentrations and biologic properties of intraluminal thrombus in abdominal aortic aneurysms.

J Vasc Surg 2020 09 14;72(3):1025-1034. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia; Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

Objective: The aim of the study was to determine whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used in assessment of biologic activity of intraluminal thrombus (ILT) and proteolytic processes of the abdominal aortic aneurysm wall.

Methods: Using MRI, 50 patients with asymptomatic infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm were analyzed at the maximum aneurysm diameter on T1-weighted images in the arterial phase after administration of contrast material. Relative ILT signal intensity (SI) was determined as the ratio between ILT SI and psoas muscle SI. During surgery, the full thickness of the ILT and the adjacent part of the aneurysm wall were harvested at the maximal diameter for biochemical analysis. The concentrations of matrix metalloproteinase 9 and neutrophil elastase (NE/ELA) were analyzed in harvested thrombi, and the concentrations of collagen type III, elastin, and proteoglycans were analyzed in harvested aneurysm walls.

Results: A significant positive correlation was found between the NE/ELA concentration of the ILT and the relative SI (ρ = 0.309; P = .029). Furthermore, a negative correlation was observed between the elastin content of the aneurysm wall and the relative SI (ρ = -0.300; P = .034). No correlations were found between relative SI and concentration of matrix metalloproteinase 9, NE/ELA, collagen type III, or proteoglycan 4 in the aneurysm wall.

Conclusions: These findings indicate a potential novel use of MRI in prediction of thrombus proteolytic enzyme concentrations and the extracellular matrix content of the aneurysm wall, thus providing additional information for the risk of potential aneurysm rupture.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2019.11.032DOI Listing
September 2020

Effect of Intra-operative Intra-arterial Thrombolysis on Long Term Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Acute Popliteal Artery Aneurysm Thrombosis.

Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2020 02 6;59(2):255-264. Epub 2020 Jan 6.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia; Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Objective: Acute lower limb ischaemia (ALI) as a result of popliteal artery aneurysm (PAA) thrombosis represents a significant problem. The aim of this study was to investigate outcome of intra-operative intra-arterial thrombolysis in the treatment of acute ischaemia due to PAA thrombosis in terms of major adverse limb events (MALE), overall survival, and intrahospital complications, especially those associated with bleeding.

Methods: A total of 156 patients with Rutherford grade IIa and IIb acute ischaemia resulting from PAA thrombosis were admitted between 1 January 2011 and 1 January 2017. The patients were divided into two groups, those who underwent additional treatment with intra-operative intra-arterial thrombolysis (20 patients), and those who did not (136 patients). By using covariables from baseline and angiographic characteristics, a propensity score was calculated for each patient. Each patient who underwent intra-operative thrombolysis was matched to four patients from the non-thrombolysis group. Thus, comparable patient cohorts (20 in the thrombolysis and 80 in the non-thrombolysis group) were identified for further analysis. The primary end point was MALE and the secondary endpoint all cause mortality.

Results: After a median follow up of 55 months, the estimated MALE rate was significantly lower in the thrombolysis group (30% vs. 65%, chi square = 10.86, p < .001, log rank test). Also, patients in the thrombolysis group had a significantly lower mortality rate (20% vs. 42.65%, chi square = 3.65, p = .05, log rank test). The thrombolysis group had wound/haematoma related interventions performed more commonly (25% in thrombolysis vs 8%, in non-thrombolysis group), but the difference was not significant (p=.013). There were no cases of major (intracranial and gastrointestinal) bleeding in either group.

Conclusion: The data suggest that intra-operative thrombolysis in the treatment of selected patients with ALI due to PAA thrombosis has long term MALE and overall survival benefits, without a significant risk of major, life threatening bleeding complications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2019.10.013DOI Listing
February 2020

Late open conversion after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: experience of three-high volume centers.

J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) 2020 04 18;61(2):183-190. Epub 2019 Nov 18.

Unit of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, San Martino University Hospital IRCCS, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.

Background: Accumulated endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) procedures will increase number of patients requiring conversion to open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). In most cases, patients undergo late open surgical conversion (LOSC), many months, or years, after initial EVAR. The aim of this study is to analyze results of LOSC after EVAR in elective and urgent setting, including presenting features, surgical techniques, as well as to review the clinical outcomes and their predictors.

Methods: Retrospective review of all consecutive patients undergoing LOSC after EVAR was performed at three distinct, high volume, vascular centers. Patients that required primary conversion within 30 days after EVAR have not been included in this study. Between January 1st 2010 and January 1st 2017 total of 31 consecutive patients were treated. LOSC were performed either in elective or in urgent setting, thus dividing patients in two groups. Primary outcome was 30-day mortality and secondary postoperative complications.

Results: LOSC rate after EVAR was 4.51%. Most common indication for LOSC was type I endoleak (N.=20, 64.51%). All patients that presented with ruptured AAA had some form of endoleak (type I endoleak was present in five from six cases). Most common site for aortic cross-clamping was infrarenal (51.61%). Stent-graft was removed completely in 18 patients (58.06%) and partially in 13 (41.93%). 30-day mortality rate was 16.12% (5 patients) and most common cause of death was myocardial infarction (60%). Following univariate factors were isolated as predictors for 30-day mortality: preoperative coronary artery disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, urgent LOSC, prolonged time until LOSC, ruptured AAA, supraceliac clamp, higher number of red blood cell transfusion, postoperative myocardial infarction, and prolonged intubation (more than 48 hours).

Conclusions: LOSC seems to be safe and effective procedure when preformed in elective manner. On the other side, urgent LOSC after EVAR is associated with very high postoperative mortality and morbidity. Endoleak remains the main indication for open conversion. Further studies are necessary to standardize timing and treatment options for failing EVAR.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0021-9509.19.10972-XDOI Listing
April 2020

Single center experience in the management of a case series of subclavian artery aneurysms.

Asian J Surg 2020 Jan 18;43(1):139-147. Epub 2019 May 18.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

Objective: Subclavian artery aneurysms (SAAs) are rare, but they may cause life- and limb-threatening complications.

Methods: Retrospective review was performed of all SAA patients that underwent treatment at the Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade between January 1st 2006 and January 1st 2018. The paper includes analysis of etiology and therapeutic options based on the experience from our institution.

Results: Twenty (80%) of SAAs involved extrathoracic (ET), while five (20%) intrathoracic (IT) segment. Out of total five IT SAAs, two were asymptomatic (40%), one had dyspnea (20%), while two (40%) had hematothorax due to rupture. Seven (35%) patients with ET SAA had shoulder pain and pulsatile mass, five (25%) acute, seven (35%) had chronic limb ischemia, while one was asymptomatic (5%). Two IT SAAs were treated with open surgery (OS). Other three cases underwent hybrid procedure. One case with ET SAA was treated endovascularly due to hostile anatomy, while in all other 19 cases of ET SAAs open repair was performed, which included: graft interposition in 10 (52.63%), end-to-end anastomosis in 7 (36.84%) cases, while bypass procedure in 2 (10.52%) patients. One of our patients (4%) died during the first 30 postoperative days.

Conclusions: SAAs are rare, however because of their natural history they have huge clinical significance. OS is the method of choice in cases of ET SAAs caused by TOS. Endovascular and hybrid treatment decrease significantly perioperative morbidity and mortality rates in cases of intrathoracic SAAs and thus should be the first option.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asjsur.2019.04.012DOI Listing
January 2020

Transesophageal Echocardiography-Guided Thrombectomy of Level IV Renal Cell Carcinoma without Cardiopulmonary Bypass.

Braz J Cardiovasc Surg 2019 Mar-Apr;34(2):229-232

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

Advanced renal cell carcinoma accompanied by tumor thrombus in the venous system is present in up to 10% of cases. Extension of tumor thrombus above the diaphragm or into the right atrium represents level IV disease. Level IV tumors are typically treated with sterno-laparotomy approach with or without deep hypothermic circulatory arrest and veno-venous bypass. In this case report, the surgical technique for the resection of advanced RCC were described, with the concomitant use of transesophageal echocardiography for thrombus extraction without the veno-venous or cardiopulmonary bypass.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21470/1678-9741-2018-0216DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436781PMC
June 2019

Open repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm with associated horseshoe kidney.

Int Angiol 2018 Dec 24;37(6):471-478. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Background: Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAA) with concomitant horseshoe kidney (HK) present a unique challenge at the time of repair. The aim of this article was to propose the most rationale strategy during open repair (OR) of RAAA in the presence of HK.

Methods: We identified and analyzed all patients treated at the clinic due to RAAA and HK. An extensive search was performed on all articles published up to August of 2017 describing open and endovascular repair of RAAA with concomitant horseshoe kidney. The following data were extracted and analyzed: patient number, number of renal arteries, Crawford classification of horseshoe kidney vascularization, type of aortic reconstruction, management with renal arteries, 30-day kidney failure and outcome.

Results: Transperitoneal approach followed by supraceliac aortic cross clamping without the division of the renal isthmus occurred in all our six cases. Four of them required additional procedures with accessory renal arteries after aortic replacement. Three of patients (50%) died during the first 30 postoperative days, while one developed transitory renal insufficiency. The renal isthmus was preserved in 43.90% and divided in 46.34% of cases. Crawford type I of HK vascularization was presented in 21.95% of cases, type II also in 39.02%, while the type III in 19.51% of cases. In 46.33% of cases a procedure with renal arteries was necessary. In 26.82% accessory renal arteries were ligated, while in 19.51% preserved (reattachment or aorto-renal bypass). Thirty-day mortality was 21.95%, while the incidence of postoperative renal failure was also 21.95%. There was not significant correlation between the renal artery ligation and the postoperative renal failure (r=-0.81, P=0.59).

Conclusions: Transperitoneal approach should be preferred during urgent OR of RAAA with concomitant HK. A supraceliac aortic cross clamping and the placement of occlusive Fogarty catheters into both iliac arteries are recommended for proximal and distal bleeding control. Preservation of accessory renal arteries that are larger than 3 mm in diameter or supply more than 30% of renal parenchima is recommended. The division of the renal isthmus should be avoided if vascularized. It seems that renal arteries could be covered in emergency EVAR without any implications on postoperative kidney function, allowing broader aplication of endovascular treatment for thesse patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0392-9590.18.04039-7DOI Listing
December 2018

Impact of diabetes mellitus on early outcome of carotid endarterectomy.

Vasa 2019 Mar 7;48(2):148-156. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

1 Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

Background: Diabetes mellitus increases the risk of ischaemic stroke in the general population but its impact on early outcome after the carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is controversial with conflicting results.

Patients And Methods: This prospective study includes 902 consecutive CEAs. Patients were divided into non-diabetic and diabetic groups and subsequently analysed. Early outcomes in terms of 30-day stroke and death rates were then analysed and compared.

Results: There were 606 non-diabetic patients. Among 296 diabetic patients, 83 were insulin-dependent. The cumulative TIA/stroke rate was statistically higher in the diabetic group (2.6 vs. 5.7 %, P = 0.02). Stroke was more frequent in the diabetic group (2.0 vs. 4.4 %, P = 0.04) comparedto TIA (0.7 vs. 1.4 %, P = 0.45). Mortality was statistically more frequent in diabetic patients (0.2 vs. 1.7 %, P = 0.01). The 30-day stroke/death rate (2.6 vs. 5.7 %, P = 0.02) was also statistically higher in the diabetic group. Factors that were identified to increase risk of death and stroke in multivariate analysis were: use of insulin for blood glucose control (OR = 2.47, 95 % CI 1.61-4.68, P = 0.01), higher low-density lipoprotein cholesterol value (OR = 1.52, 95 % CI 1.15-2.22, P < 0.01), presence of coronary disease (OR = 2.04, 95 % CI 1.40-3.31, P = 0.03), peripheral artery disease (OR = 2.14, 95 % CI 1.34-3.65, P = 0.02), complicated plaque (OR = 1.77, 95 % CI 1.11-3.68, P = 0.03), contralateral carotid artery occlusion (OR = 2.37, 95 % CI 1.25-4.74, P = 0.02), shunt use (OR = 3.46, 95 % CI 1.18-7.10, P < 0.01), and among diabetic patients higher HbA1c levels (OR = 1.28, 95 % CI 1.05-1.66, P = 0.03). Clamp toleration was associated with lower risk of death and stroke rates (OR = 0.43, 95 % CI 0.23-0.76, P < 0.01).

Conclusions: In our study, perioperative neurological complications and mortality were statistically higher in diabetic patients compared to non-diabetic patients during CEA. Further research will have to show whether other treatment modalities of carotid artery stenosis and better glycaemia and dyslipidaemia controlling in diabetics can reduce this risk.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1024/0301-1526/a000737DOI Listing
March 2019

Combined Impact of Chronic Kidney Disease and Contrast Induced Acute Kidney Injury on Long-term Outcomes in Patients with Acute Lower Limb Ischaemia.

Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2018 07 7;56(1):78-86. Epub 2018 Apr 7.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia; Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Introduction: Acute lower limb ischaemia (ALI) is the sudden onset of decreased arterial perfusion with imminent threat to limb viability. Contrast induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is one of the complications that increases mortality in patients who undergo contrast imaging in coronary procedures. The goal of this study is to evaluate the impact of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and CI-AKI on long-term clinical outcomes in patients with ALI undergoing lower limb revascularisation.

Methods: A total 1017 consecutive patients with acute lower limb ischaemia who were admitted between July 1, 2006, and January 1, 2017, were retrospectively reviewed. Patients who had end stage renal disease, those who had end stage heart and malignant disease and died within 7 days of limb revascularisation, and those who did not undergo angiography were excluded. Thus 546 patients were included in the final analysis. Patients were classified as with or without CKD and were then subdivided according to the presence or absence of the development of CI-AKI, defined as an increase in serum creatinine of ≥0.5 mg/dL or by ≥25% from the baseline value within the first 72 h after contrast exposure. The primary end point was all cause mortality and secondary major adverse limb event (MALE).

Results: Both CKD and CI-AKI were associated with the highest rate of all cause mortality (chi square = 55.77, d.f. = 1, p < .01, log rank test) and MALE (chi square = 79.07, d.f. = 1, p < .01, log rank test). The presence of CKD and CI-AKI were significant risk factors associated with long-term all cause mortality (HR = 2.61, p < .01) and MALE (HR = 2.87, p < .01).

Conclusion: In patients with ALI undergoing lower limb revascularisation, both CKD and CI-AKI were significantly associated with poor long-term outcomes compared with either CKD or CI-AKI alone. Further studies are required to assess this association and to confirm the combined effect of CKD and CI-AKI on long-term clinical outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2018.03.008DOI Listing
July 2018