Publications by authors named "Pekka J Laippala"

1 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Frontal sinus and skull bone defect obliteration with three synthetic bioactive materials. A comparative study.

J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 2003 Jul;66(1):364-72

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Turku University Hospital, Finland.

Three synthetic bioactive materials were studied in an experimental model to compare their usability in a frontal sinus and a skull bone defect obliteration. Bioactive glass number 9 (BAG(1)), bioactive glass number 13 (BAG(2)), and hydroxyapatite (HA) granules were investigated. BAG(1) and HA granules have been previously tested clinically. The clinical usefulness of BAG(2) granules has not been tested. Upper bony walls of 45 Elco rabbits' frontal sinuses were drilled open from four separate holes with the use of a standard method. The skull bone defects and the sinuses in frontal bone were filled with BAG(1) or BAG(2) on one side, and with HA on the other side. Two parallel posterior defects were covered with a pedicled periosteum flap, and two anterior defects with a free flap. The resorption of materials, new bone, and fibrous-tissue formation were observed with a histomorphometric method at 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively. Scanning-electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were done at 6 months. In histomorphometry, the new bone formation increased with all the investigated materials throughout the study (p < 0.001), but the results showed higher new bone formation in the defects filled with BAG(1) than in corresponding BAG(2)- or HA- filled defects. New bone formation and resorption of materials were faster in defects covered by pedicled than by free periosteum flaps (p < 0.001). Intimate contact between the used materials and new bone was confirmed by SEM. FTIR analysis of bone produced by BAG(1) and BAG(2) was of the same type as natural frontal bone. BAG(2) can be manufactured in various shapes, and thus, could possibly be used in clinical conditions requiring a special anatomical implant shape. However, more research is needed regarding this property of BAG(2).
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
July 2003