Publications by authors named "Peirui Zhong"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Effects of Ultrashort Wave Therapy on Inflammation and Macrophage Polarization after Acute Lung Injury in Rats.

Bioelectromagnetics 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Rehabilitation Medicine Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of University of South China, Hengyang, People's Republic of China.

Acute lung injury (ALI) features dysregulated pulmonary inflammation. Ultrashort waves (USWs) exert anti-inflammatory effects but no studies have evaluated their activity in ALI. Herein, we used an in vivo lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI model to investigate whether the anti-inflammatory activity of USWs is mediated by altering the polarization of M1 to M2 macrophages. Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control, untreated ALI, and ALI treated with USW groups (n = 8 in each group). ALI was induced by intratracheal LPS instillation. Rats in the USW group were treated for 15 min at 0, 4, and 8 h after a single LPS intratracheal instillation. Histopathologic examination, wet/dry lung weight ratio, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, and western blot analyses were performed to evaluate the degree of lung injury and to determine macrophage phenotypes. Histopathologic examination disclosed attenuation of ALI, with reduced alveolar hemorrhage and neutrophilic infiltration in the USW group. Serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) were significantly decreased after USW therapy. Moreover, the messenger RNA (mRNA) expressions of TNF-α and IL-1β were significantly decreased in the USW group, whereas the mRNA expression of Arginase 1 (Arg1) and the protein expression of mannose receptor significantly increased in comparison with the untreated ALI group. We conclude that USW therapy may attenuate inflammation in LPS-induced ALI through the modulation of macrophage polarization. © 2021 Bioelectromagnetics Society.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bem.22353DOI Listing
June 2021

Electroacupuncture ameliorates subchondral bone deterioration and inhibits cartilage degeneration in ovariectomised rats.

Acupunct Med 2018 Feb 1;36(1):37-43. Epub 2017 Nov 1.

Department of Rehabilitation, The First Affiliated Hospital of University of South China, Hengyang, Hunan, China.

Objectives: To investigate the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on subchondral bone mass and cartilage degeneration in an experimental animal model of osteoarthritis (OA) induced by ovariectomy (OVX).

Methods: Ninety 3-month-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the following three groups (n = 30 each): sham operation without treatment (control group); OVX without treatment (OVX group);, and ovariectomy with EA treatment (EA group). Rats in the EA group received EA treatment from the day of OVX. Ten rats in each group were randomly killed at 4, 8 and 12 weeks after operation.

Results: EA reduced urine C-terminal cross-linking telopeptide of type I collagen from 4 weeks after OVX, reduced C-terminal cross-linking telopeptide of type II collagen and body weight from 8 weeks after OVX, and increased serum 17β-oestradiol from 4 weeks after OVX compared with the OVX group (all p<0.01). In the EA group, trabecular bone volume ratio, trabecular thickness and trabecular number increased, and trabecular separation were reduced at each time point compared with the OVX group (p<0.05, p<0.01, respectively). In the EA group, osteoprotegerin (OPG) expression was increased and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) expression was reduced at each time point compared with the OVX group (p<0.05, p<0.01, respectively). Mankin scores and mRNA expression of matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) were lower in EA versus OVX groups at 12 weeks after OVX (both p<0.01).

Conclusion: The results suggest that EA inhibits subchondral bone loss by regulating RANK/RANKL/OPG signalling and protects articular cartilage by inhibiting MMP-13 in OVX rats.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/acupmed-2016-011258DOI Listing
February 2018
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