Publications by authors named "Paweł S Konieczny"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Dysregulation of Transcription Factor Activity During Formation of Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts.

Int J Mol Sci 2020 Nov 19;21(22). Epub 2020 Nov 19.

Center for Medical Genomics OMICRON, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 31-034 Kraków, Poland.

The reciprocal interactions between cancer cells and the quiescent fibroblasts leading to the activation of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) serve an important role in cancer progression. Here, we investigated the activation of transcription factors (TFs) in prostate fibroblasts (WPMY cell line) co-cultured with normal prostate or tumorous cells (RWPE1 and RWPE2 cell lines, respectively). After indirect co-cultures, we performed mRNA-seq and predicted TF activity using mRNA expression profiles with the Systems EPigenomics Inference of Regulatory Activity (SEPIRA) package and the GTEx and mRNA-seq data of 483 cultured fibroblasts. The initial differential expression analysis between time points and experimental conditions showed that co-culture with normal epithelial cells mainly promotes an inflammatory response in fibroblasts, whereas with the cancerous epithelial, it stimulates transformation by changing the expression of the genes associated with microfilaments. TF activity analysis revealed only one positively regulated TF in the RWPE1 co-culture alone, while we observed dysregulation of 45 TFs (7 decreased activity and 38 increased activity) uniquely in co-culture with RWPE2. Pathway analysis showed that these 45 dysregulated TFs in fibroblasts co-cultured with RWPE2 cells may be associated with the RUNX1 and PTEN pathways. Moreover, we showed that observed dysregulation could be associated with expression. We conclude that phenotypic changes in fibroblast responses to co-culturing with cancer epithelium result from orchestrated dysregulation of signaling pathways that favor their transformation and motility rather than proinflammatory status. This dysregulation can be observed both at the TF and transcriptome levels.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms21228749DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7699520PMC
November 2020

Negative pressure wound therapy affects circulating plasma microRNAs in patients with diabetic foot ulceration.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2020 Jul 10;165:108251. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Department of Metabolic Diseases, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland; University Hospital, Krakow, Poland. Electronic address:

Aims: Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is commonly used in diabetic foot ulceration (DFU). The molecular mechanisms of NPWT action, particularly outside of the wound site, have not been described. We assessed NPWT's effect on circulating miRNA expression levels in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients with DFU.

Methods: We examined 34 T2DM patients treated with either NPWT (n = 24) or standard therapy (ST, n = 10). The group assignment was based on clinical criteria and local practice. Next-generation sequencing-based microRNA expression was determined on the patient's plasma collected before therapy and after 8 days.

Results: NPWT patients were similar to the ST group in terms of age, BMI, and HbA1c level; however, they differed by mean wound area (12.6 cm vs. 1.1 cm p = 0.0005). First, we analyzed the change of miRNA after NPWT or ST and observed an upregulation of let-7f-2 only in the NPWT group. Then, we analyzed the differential expression between NPWT and ST groups, looking at possible wound size effects. We found 12 differentially expressed miRNAs in pre-treatment comparison, including let-7f-2, while in post-treatment analysis we identified 28 miRNAs. The pathway enrichment analysis suggests that identified miRNAs may be involved in wound healing, particularly through angiogenesis.

Conclusion: We found initial evidence that NPWT in T2DM patients with DFU affects miRNA expression in plasma. Additionally, some differences in plasma miRNA expression may be related to wound size.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2020.108251DOI Listing
July 2020