Publications by authors named "Paulo Roberto Dos Reis"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Bioactive glass S53P4 to fill-up large cavitary bone defect after acute and chronic osteomyelitis treated with antibiotic-loaded cement beads: A prospective case series with a minimum 2-year follow-up.

Injury 2021 Jul 1;52 Suppl 3:S23-S28. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Trauma Service, Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: Bioactive glass S53P4 (BAG-S53P4) has been used in the treatment of osteomyelitis with excellent results. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic results of patients treated with use of antibiotic-loaded cement beads, followed by bone defects filling using bioglass.

Methods: We treated a prospective series of patients presenting with acute or chronic osteomyelitis of a long bone of the upper or lower limb. The first-stage procedure involved debridement and filling of cavitary defects with antibiotic-loaded polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) beads. When signs of infection subsided, the defects were filled with BAG-S53P4. The main outcomes assessed were the reinfection rate, need for reoperation, radiographic and functional evaluations (DASH and Lysholm scores).

Results: Ten patients were included, aged between 4 and 66 years (mean 25.4 years). The source of infection was hematogenic in five cases and post-traumatic in the other five. Hematogenic infections required two debridements before filling with bioglass, whereas post-traumatic cases required only one. The time between the first debridement and the application of bioglass varied from 1 to 63 weeks (average of 17 weeks). All patients showed a favorable evolution after bioglass procedure, with no need for reoperation or relevant wound problems. The radiographic evaluation showed partial incorporation of the material and adequate bone formation, and functional scores were satisfactory in all cases.

Conclusion: The treatment of osteomyelitis with surgical debridement and PMMA beads, followed by filling of bone defect with BAG-S53P4, was effective in all patients evaluated, with adequate infectious control and bone regeneration. No cases required reoperation after bioglass implantation. Patients with hematogenous osteomyelitis required a greater number of debridements before filling with bioglass.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2021.05.030DOI Listing
July 2021

Factors associated with one year mortality in ill patients with proximal femoral fractures treated non operatively.

Injury 2021 Jul 1;52 Suppl 3:S60-S64. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Trauma Service, Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: Non-operative treatment is an exceptional indication for the treatment of proximal femur fracture. The aim of the study was to analyze the mortality rate in one year and associated factors in severely ill patients submitted to non-operative treatment.

Methods: It was included 28 patients treated from August 2014 to September 2019. Eighteen (64.3%) patients were female and 10 (35.7%) were male. The mean age was 78.7 ± 11.9 years old. The main outcome evaluated was the mortality rate in one year. It was also evaluated the correlation with gender, age, personal habits, number of comorbidities and Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI).

Results: The functional result was assessed with WOMAC score via telephone call. The mortality rate in one year was 42.8% without statistical positive correlation with any of the studied parameters. Patients with three or more comorbidities didn't have a higher mortality rate comparing to survived patients (83.3% vs 81.3%). The CCI also didn't show any correlation with high mortality (6.9 vs 7.1). The functional result of the survived patients was poor (78.2 points WOMAC).

Conclusion: The conclusion is that the mortality rate in one year of ill patients with hip fractures treated non-operatively is 42.8% without correlation with age, gender of number of comorbidities, and the functional result of the survived patients is poor.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2021.04.059DOI Listing
July 2021

Intramedullary Steinmann pin nailing of the ulna: an option for the damage control orthopedics treatment of forearm fractures in open injuries in polytraumatized patients - A description of the technique and presentation of a case series.

Injury 2021 Jul 1;52 Suppl 3:S33-S37. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: Forearm shaft fracture is common in young adult patients and associated with soft tissue and organ injuries. In open fractures in polytrauma patients, damage control orthopaedics (DCO) is well indicated. The aim of this study is to describe intramedullary Steinmann pin fixation of the ulna as a DCO procedure for the forearm and present a case series.

Description Of The Technique: A 3.0 mm Steinmann pin is inserted retrograde in the ulna proximal fragment through the fracture site using the open wound as the approach. With direct visualization of the reduction, the pin is advanced into the distal fragment. The reduction of the longitudinal axis and shortening is thus achieved.

Patients And Methods: This method was used for all open fractures of forearm both-bone fractures in polytrauma patients undergoing DCO from 2014 to 2019. The alignment and length of the ulna were evaluated radiographically after pin fixation and before and after definitive fixation. Differences in the need for secondary procedures and infection rate between DCO and definitive fixation were also evaluated.

Results: There were 30 males (85.7%) with an average age of 32.9 ± 12.0 years and a mean ISS (Injury Severity Score) of 29.4 (range, 18.0-41.0). The most common associated injuries were thoracic trauma (62.8%) and head trauma (45.7%). In the radius and ulna, 51.4% and 60.0% of fractures, respectively, were multifragmentary (types B and C). Gustilo type IIIA represented 77.1% of the injuries. Pin fixation achieved good alignment and length in all cases. The mean time between DCO and definitive fixation was 12.0 days, and no secondary procedure was needed, nor any case developed either superficial or deep infection. The conversion from DCO to definitive fixation was considered easy in all cases.

Conclusion: Intramedullary Steinmann pin fixation of the ulna is a viable option for DCO for forearm both-bone fractures in open fractures in polytrauma patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2021.05.033DOI Listing
July 2021

Numerical and experimental analyses for the improvement of surface instant decontamination technology through biocidal agent dispersion: Potential of application during pandemic.

PLoS One 2021 19;16(5):e0251817. Epub 2021 May 19.

SENAI CIMATEC, National Service of Industrial Learning-SENAI, Computational Modeling and Industrial Technology, University Center SENAI/CIMATEC, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil.

The transmission of SARS-CoV-2 through contact with contaminated surfaces or objects is an important form of transmissibility. Thus, in this study, we evaluated the performance of a disinfection chamber designed for instantaneous dispersion of the biocidal agent solution, in order to characterize a new device that can be used to protect individuals by reducing the transmissibility of the disease through contaminated surfaces. We proposed the necessary adjustments in the configuration to improve the dispersion on surfaces and the effectiveness of the developed equipment. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations of the present technology with a chamber having six nebulizer nozzles were performed and validated through qualitative and quantitative comparisons, and experimental tests were conducted using the method Water-Sensitive Paper (WSP), with an exposure to the biocidal agent for 10 and 30 s. After evaluation, a new passage procedure for the chamber with six nozzles and a new configuration of the disinfection chamber were proposed. In the chamber with six nozzles, a deficiency was identified in its central region, where the suspended droplet concentration was close to zero. However, with the new passage procedure, there was a significant increase in wettability of the surface. With the proposition of the chamber with 12 nozzles, the suspended droplet concentration in different regions increased, with an average increase of 266%. The experimental results of the new configuration proved that there was an increase in wettability at all times of exposure, and it was more significant for an exposure of 30 s. Additionally, even in different passage procedures, there were no significant differences in the results for an exposure of 10 s, thereby showing the effectiveness of the new configuration or improved spraying and wettability by the biocidal agent, as well as in minimizing the impact caused by human factor in the performance of the disinfection technology.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0251817PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8133442PMC
June 2021

A novel translation system for circular external fixation to correct translational bony deformities.

Injury 2021 Apr 21;52(4):1079-1082. Epub 2020 Nov 21.

Limb Lengthening and Complex Reconstruction Service, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, USA. Electronic address:

Translational deformities are common complications of conservatively managed bone fractures and some surgically managed fractures with unstable patterns. Realigning the bones can be difficult when soft tissue, scars and calluses form. These deformities can be easily corrected with hexapodalic-based external fixators, but these fixators are not widely available in developing countries. We describe a stable and reliable Ilizarov frame that can be used to treat these deformities and show results of clinical cases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2020.11.058DOI Listing
April 2021

A RETROSPECTIVE CASE-SERIES ON THE USE OF S53P4 BIOACTIVE GLASS FOR THE ADJUNCTIVE TREATMENT OF SEPTIC DIAPHYSEAL NON-UNION.

Acta Ortop Bras 2019 Sep-Oct;27(5):273-275

Universidade de São Paulo, Hospital das Clínicas - HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Reconstruction and Lengthening Group, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: Non-union and persistence of infection at a fracture site for long periods are always described as a challenge to orthopedists, especially in cases of severe compound fractures with comminution and segmental bone loss. This is a case series of septic non-unions, using S53P4 bioactive glass for adjunctive treatment, using internal syntheses or external fixators. The objective is to retrospectively evaluate the results of the use of S53P4 bioglass for the adjunctive treatment of septic non-unions.

Methods: We reviewed 18 patients with septic non-unions. The patients were preoperatively classified using the Non-union Scoring System (NUSS) and union outcomes were assessed by the modified radiographic union scale in tibial (RUST) fractures. Of the 18 patients treated, six underwent internal osteosynthesis and 12 were treated with external fixators in combination with bioactive glass grafting.

Results: The patients had a mean NUSS score of 56.6 (standard deviation of 7.6) and fracture union was achieved according to the RUST score in 17 of 18 cases (94.4%), with a mean value of 10.2 (standard deviation of 1.0). One patient was lost to follow-up. Reevaluation using the modified RUST score was 12.3 (SD = 1.0), maintaining union of 17/18.

Conclusion: The fracture union rate was high, according to the literature, as was control of infection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-785220192705220540DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6901156PMC
December 2019

COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN OSTEOSYNTHESIS IN CONVENTIONAL AND BIOABSORBABLE IMPLANTS IN ANKLE FRACTURES.

Acta Ortop Bras 2015 Sep-Oct;23(5):263-7

Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To compare the functional results of ankle fractures treated with metallic and absorbable plates. Twenty patients were randomized into two groups (metallic and absorbable implant groups) and followed prospectively. In the immediate postoperative period, patients were immobilized with plaster casts for one week, which was replaced by a removable cast for another four weeks. Partial weight-bearing was allowed after three weeks, and full weight-bearing after six weeks. Functional recovery was similar in both groups. At six months, three patients in the metallic group complained of local pain, and had their implants removed. One patient in the absorbable group exhibited early dehiscence of the suture and underwent debridement and suturing with good evolution. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score was similar between the two groups after six and nine months of follow-up. The absorbable implants showed clinical and functional results that were similar to those of metallic implants. Level of Evidence II, Prospective Comparative Study.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-785220152305121124DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4775479PMC
March 2016
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