Publications by authors named "Paula Suanzes"

2 Publications

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Peripheral and lung resident memory T cell responses against SARS-CoV-2.

Nat Commun 2021 05 21;12(1):3010. Epub 2021 May 21.

Infectious Diseases Department, Vall d'Hebron Institut de Recerca (VHIR), Vall d'Hebron Hospital Universitari, Vall d'Hebron Barcelona Hospital Campus, Barcelona, Spain.

Resident memory T cells (T) positioned within the respiratory tract are probably required to limit SARS-CoV-2 spread and COVID-19. Importantly, T are mostly non-recirculating, which reduces the window of opportunity to examine these cells in the blood as they move to the lung parenchyma. Here, we identify circulating virus-specific T cell responses during acute infection with functional, migratory and apoptotic patterns modulated by viral proteins and associated with clinical outcome. Disease severity is associated predominantly with IFNγ and IL-4 responses, increased responses against S peptides and apoptosis, whereas non-hospitalized patients have increased IL-12p70 levels, degranulation in response to N peptides and SARS-CoV-2-specific CCR7 T cells secreting IL-10. In convalescent patients, lung-T are frequently detected even 10 months after initial infection, in which contemporaneous blood does not reflect tissue-resident profiles. Our study highlights a balanced anti-inflammatory antiviral response associated with a better outcome and persisting T cells as important for future protection against SARS-CoV-2 infection.
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May 2021

Incidence of malignancy in a Spanish cohort of patients infected by the human immunodeficiency virus.

Med Clin (Barc) 2020 10 28;155(7):288-294. Epub 2020 Jan 28.

Vall d'Hebron Institut de Recerca, Barcelona, España; Servicio de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Hospital Universitario Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, España.

Introduction: A higher incidence of malignancies has been described in patients with HIV infection compared to the general population.

Patients And Methods: Observational retrospective study in patients with HIV infection followed up at the Vall d'Hebron University Hospital (Barcelona, Spain) between 2009 and 2017. The objective of this research was to estimate the incidence of malignancies in HIV patients and their surveillance. Age and sex-adjusted incidence was compared to the incidence calculated by the Spanish Cancer Registry network (REDECAN) in 2015.

Results: We included 2,773 patients (41,238 patients-year). Two hundred and eleven malignancies were diagnosed in 182 patients. Non-AIDS defining cancers accounted for 78.2% of the malignancies. The global incidence of cancer was 485 cases per 100,000 person-years. Twenty-year mortality rate was 31.2% in patients with cancer and 7.8% in patients without cancer. In men, adjusted for age, the incidence of malignancies was higher than the incidence in the general population (978.4 vs. 641 cases per 100,000 person-years, P<.001). The most common malignancies in men were lung cancer, Kaposi sarcoma and Hodgkin lymphoma. In women, the incidence of malignancies was not higher than in the general population (340.6 vs. 404.7 cases per 100,000 person-years, P=.27). The most common malignancies among women were lung cancer, head and neck cancer, cervical cancer and Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Conclusions: Men with HIV infection showed a statistically significant higher incidence of malignancies compared to the general Spanish population. Lung cancer was the most common non-AIDS defining cancer.
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October 2020