Publications by authors named "Paula H Rautiainen"

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Cardiac troponin T levels for risk stratification in pediatric open heart surgery.

Ann Thorac Surg 2006 Nov;82(5):1643-8

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Cardiac troponin T has been found to be accurate predictor of complications and adverse clinical events after pediatric cardiac surgery. Contrary to adult cardiac surgery, the relationship of troponin T to patient survival after pediatric heart surgery has not been previously studied. The purpose of this study was to determine whether troponin T could predict death after pediatric open cardiac surgery.

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study in which data from 1001 consecutive children having cardiac surgery during a 5-year period were studied. Perioperative variables that could influence death at 30 postoperative days were evaluated.

Results: Multivariate analysis, using a forward stepwise logistic regression, showed that troponin T measured on the first postoperative day was a strong independent predictor of death at 30 days. Level of troponin T greater than 5.9 microg/L on the first postoperative day predicted death (odds ratio, 10.7; 95% confidence interval: 5.2 to 22.1) as did admission lactate level greater than 5.2 mmol/L (odds ratio, 22.2; 95% confidence interval: 9.7 to 50.8) No other variable, including postoperative creatine kinase-MB mass concentration, age, diagnosis, surgical procedure, presence of cyanosis, chromosomal anomaly or ventriculotomy, duration of cardiopulmonary bypass, or aortic cross-clamp, had any independent effect on 30-day survival.

Conclusions: Cardiac troponin T level on the first postoperative day is a powerful independent risk marker of death in pediatric cardiac surgery.
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November 2006