Paul N Appleby

Paul N Appleby

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Paul N Appleby

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Letter: Veganism, vegetarianism, bone mineral density, and fracture risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Nutr Rev 2019 Jun;77(6):451

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nutrit/nuz011DOI Listing
June 2019

Comparison of Major Protein-Source Foods and Other Food Groups in Meat-Eaters and Non-Meat-Eaters in the EPIC-Oxford Cohort.

Nutrients 2019 Apr 11;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Old Road Campus, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040824DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6521004PMC
April 2019

Vegetarian diets and risk of hospitalisation or death with diabetes in British adults: results from the EPIC-Oxford study.

Nutr Diabetes 2019 Feb 25;9(1). Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Old Road Campus, Oxford, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41387-019-0074-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6389979PMC
February 2019

A Collaborative Analysis of Individual Participant Data from 19 Prospective Studies Assesses Circulating Vitamin D and Prostate Cancer Risk.

Cancer Res 2019 01 13;79(1):274-285. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Clinical Trial Service Unit and Epidemiological Studies Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

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http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/lookup/doi/10.1158/0008-54
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-18-2318DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330070PMC
January 2019

Cross-sectional analyses of participation in cancer screening and use of hormone replacement therapy and medications in meat eaters and vegetarians: the EPIC-Oxford study.

BMJ Open 2017 12 27;7(12):e018245. Epub 2017 Dec 27.

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018245DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5770904PMC
December 2017

Night Shift Work and Breast Cancer Incidence: Three Prospective Studies and Meta-analysis of Published Studies.

J Natl Cancer Inst 2016 12 6;108(12). Epub 2016 Oct 6.

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK (RCT, AB, GKF, PNA, GKR, XSW, AWR, TG, JG, TJK, VB); Worldwide Epidemiology, GlaxoSmithKline R&D, Uxbridge, UK (AWR); Department of Oncoplastic Breast Surgery, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, Oxford, UK (TG); Clinical Trial Service Unit and Epidemiological Studies Unit (CTSU), Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK (RP).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jnci/djw169DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5241898PMC
December 2016

Selenium and Prostate Cancer: Analysis of Individual Participant Data From Fifteen Prospective Studies.

J Natl Cancer Inst 2016 11 6;108(11). Epub 2016 Jul 6.

Affiliations of authors: Clinical Trial Service Unit and Epidemiological Studies Unit (NEA) and Cancer Epidemiology Unit (RCT, PNA, TJK), Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, US National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD (DA, AB); Division of Public Health Science (MJB, GEG, MLN), SWOG (formerly the Southwest Oncology Group) Statistical Center (PJG, CMT), and Cancer Prevention Program (JMS), Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA; Department of Epidemiology (JMS) and Department of Biostatistics (CMT), University of Washington, Seattle, WA; Department for Determinants of Chronic Diseases, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, the Netherlands (HBBdM); Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Centre, Utrecht, the Netherlands (HBBdM); Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, UK (HBBdM, MJG); Department of Social & Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (HBBdM); Sorbonne Paris Cité Epidemiology and Biostatistics Research Center, Nutritional Epidemiology Research Team, Inserm U1153, Inra U1125, Cnam, University Paris 13, University Paris 5, University Paris 7, Bobigny, France (MD, PG, SH, MT); National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland (MH, PK, HR); The Prevention and Research Center Mercy Medical Center, Baltimore, MD (KJH); Department of Preventive Medicine, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (BEH); University of Hawaii Cancer Center, Honolulu, HI (LNK); Department of Functional Biology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oviedo, Asturias, Spain (CL); Institute of Epidemiology II, Helmholtz-Zentrum München, Neuherberg, Germany (formerly of Division of Cancer Epidemiology, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany) (JL); Intramural Research Program, National Institute on Aging, Department of Neurology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN (EJM); Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Copenhagen, Denmark (AO); Epidemiology and Prevention Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, 20133 Milan, Italy (VP); Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD (EAP); Roswell Park Cancer Institute, New York, NY (MER); Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA (MJS); Channing Division of Network Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (MJS); Department of Surgery and Perioperative Sciences, Urology and Andrology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden (PS); Hellenic Health Foundation, Athens, Greece (AT); Department of Epidemiology, GROW School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University, the Netherlands (PAvdB).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jnci/djw153DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5241899PMC
November 2016

The long-term health of vegetarians and vegans.

Proc Nutr Soc 2016 08 28;75(3):287-93. Epub 2015 Dec 28.

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health,University of Oxford,Richard Doll Building,Old Road Campus,Roosevelt Drive,Oxford OX3 7LF,UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0029665115004334DOI Listing
August 2016

High compliance with dietary recommendations in a cohort of meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians, and vegans: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Oxford study.

Nutr Res 2016 May 6;36(5):464-77. Epub 2016 Jan 6.

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nutres.2015.12.016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4844163PMC
May 2016

Mortality in vegetarians and comparable nonvegetarians in the United Kingdom.

Am J Clin Nutr 2016 Jan 9;103(1):218-30. Epub 2015 Dec 9.

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.115.119461DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4691673PMC
January 2016

Metabolic profiles of male meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians, and vegans from the EPIC-Oxford cohort.

Am J Clin Nutr 2015 Dec 28;102(6):1518-26. Epub 2015 Oct 28.

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom;

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.115.111989DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4658459PMC
December 2015

Source of dietary fibre and diverticular disease incidence: a prospective study of UK women.

Gut 2014 Sep 2;63(9):1450-6. Epub 2014 Jan 2.

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/gutjnl-2013-304644DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4145436PMC
September 2014

Circulating fatty acids and prostate cancer risk: individual participant meta-analysis of prospective studies.

J Natl Cancer Inst 2014 Sep 10;106(9). Epub 2014 Sep 10.

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK (FLC, PNA, RCT, TJK); Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA (MB, GEG, IBK, MLN); Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, OH (TMB); National Institute for Public Health and the Environment - RIVM, Bilthoven, the Netherlands (HBB); Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Centre, Utrecht, the Netherlands (HBB); School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, UK (HBB); Nutrition and Metabolism Section and the Nutritional Epidemiology Group, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France (VC); Departments of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health and Channing Division of Network Medicine, Boston, MA (JEC, MJS); Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (JEC, MJS); Department of Epidemiology, Murcia Regional Health Authority, Spain (MC); CIBER Epidemiology and Public Health CIBERESP, Spain (MC); Cancer Epidemiology Centre, Cancer Council Victoria, Carlton, Victoria, Australia (DRE, GGG, GS); Centre for Molecular, Environmental, Genetic and Analytic Epidemiology, School of Population Health, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia (DRE, GGG, GS); FOODplus Research Centre, Waite Campus, The University of Adelaide, Glen Osmond, South Australia, Australia (RAG); Center for Human Nutrition, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA (SMH); Department of Cancer Epidemiology, German Cancer Research Center - DKFZ, Heidelberg, Germany (RK); Department of Internal Medicine, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (IBK); Cancer Epidemiology Program, University of Hawaii Cancer Center, Honolulu, HI (LNK, SYP, LRW); Cancer Prevention Program, Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hu

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jnci/dju240DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4188122PMC
September 2014

Fruit, vegetable, and fiber intake in relation to cancer risk: findings from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC).

Am J Clin Nutr 2014 Jul 11;100 Suppl 1:394S-8S. Epub 2014 Jun 11.

From the Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

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https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/100/suppl_1/394S/45765
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.113.071357DOI Listing
July 2014

Dietary greenhouse gas emissions of meat-eaters, fish-eaters, vegetarians and vegans in the UK.

Clim Change 2014;125(2):179-192. Epub 2014 Jun 11.

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, OX3 7LF UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-014-1169-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4372775PMC
June 2014

Diet and risk of kidney stones in the Oxford cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC).

Eur J Epidemiol 2014 May 22;29(5):363-9. Epub 2014 Apr 22.

Department of Urology, Nuffield Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK,

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-014-9904-5DOI Listing
May 2014

Risk of hospitalization or death from ischemic heart disease among British vegetarians and nonvegetarians: results from the EPIC-Oxford cohort study.

Am J Clin Nutr 2013 Mar 30;97(3):597-603. Epub 2013 Jan 30.

Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.112.044073DOI Listing
March 2013

Vitamins, minerals, essential fatty acids and colorectal cancer risk in the United Kingdom Dietary Cohort Consortium.

Int J Cancer 2012 Aug 18;131(3):E320-5. Epub 2012 Feb 18.

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijc.27386DOI Listing
August 2012

Development and evaluation of the Oxford WebQ, a low-cost, web-based method for assessment of previous 24 h dietary intakes in large-scale prospective studies.

Public Health Nutr 2011 Nov 1;14(11):1998-2005. Epub 2011 Jun 1.

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK.

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http://search.proquest.com/openview/7fbb75502f5bdffe0f882ab9
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http://www.journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S1368980011000942
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980011000942DOI Listing
November 2011

Diet, vegetarianism, and cataract risk.

Am J Clin Nutr 2011 May 23;93(5):1128-35. Epub 2011 Mar 23.

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.110.004028DOI Listing
May 2011

Plasma concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans: results from the EPIC-Oxford study.

Public Health Nutr 2011 Feb 21;14(2):340-6. Epub 2010 Sep 21.

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980010002454DOI Listing
February 2011

Pooling biomarker data from different studies of disease risk, with a focus on endogenous hormones.

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2010 Apr 16;19(4):960-5. Epub 2010 Mar 16.

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, Oxford University, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, United Kingdom.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-10-0061DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2875156PMC
April 2010

Cancer incidence in vegetarians: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Oxford).

Am J Clin Nutr 2009 May 11;89(5):1620S-1626S. Epub 2009 Mar 11.

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

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https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/89/5/1620S/4596951
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.2009.26736MDOI Listing
May 2009

Mortality in British vegetarians: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Oxford).

Am J Clin Nutr 2009 May 18;89(5):1613S-1619S. Epub 2009 Mar 18.

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

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https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/89/5/1613S/4596950
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.2009.26736LDOI Listing
May 2009

Physical activity and fracture risk: a prospective study of 1898 incident fractures among 34,696 British men and women.

J Bone Miner Metab 2008 27;26(2):191-8. Epub 2008 Feb 27.

Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK.

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00774-007-0806-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00774-007-0806-4DOI Listing
April 2008

Phytanic acid: measurement of plasma concentrations by gas-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis and associations with diet and other plasma fatty acids.

Br J Nutr 2008 Mar 10;99(3):653-9. Epub 2007 Sep 10.

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S000711450782407XDOI Listing
March 2008

A prospective study of vegetarianism and isoflavone intake in relation to breast cancer risk in British women.

Int J Cancer 2008 Feb;122(3):705-10

Cancer Research UK, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, United Kingdom.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijc.23141DOI Listing
February 2008

Calcium, diet and fracture risk: a prospective study of 1898 incident fractures among 34 696 British women and men.

Public Health Nutr 2007 Nov 19;10(11):1314-20. Epub 2007 Mar 19.

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK.

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http://www.journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S1368980007696402
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980007696402DOI Listing
November 2007

Health effects of vegetarian and vegan diets.

Proc Nutr Soc 2006 Feb;65(1):35-41

Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building.

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http://vegetarian.procon.org/sourcefiles/health_effects_of_v
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February 2006

Long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in plasma in British meat-eating, vegetarian, and vegan men.

Am J Clin Nutr 2005 Aug;82(2):327-34

Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajcn.82.2.327DOI Listing
August 2005

Nutrition and lifestyle in relation to bowel movement frequency: a cross-sectional study of 20630 men and women in EPIC-Oxford.

Public Health Nutr 2004 Feb;7(1):77-83

Cancer Research UK, Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, The Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK.

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February 2004

Mortality in British vegetarians: review and preliminary results from EPIC-Oxford.

Am J Clin Nutr 2003 09;78(3 Suppl):533S-538S

Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.

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https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/78/3/533S/4689993
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/78.3.533SDOI Listing
September 2003

EPIC-Oxford: lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes in a cohort of 33 883 meat-eaters and 31 546 non meat-eaters in the UK.

Public Health Nutr 2003 May;6(3):259-69

Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK.

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http://www.journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S1368980003000351
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/PHN2002430DOI Listing
May 2003

Lifestyle determinants of serum insulin-like growth-factor-I (IGF-I), C-peptide and hormone binding protein levels in British women.

Cancer Causes Control 2003 Feb;14(1):65-74

Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, OX2 6HE, UK.

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February 2003

The associations of diet with serum insulin-like growth factor I and its main binding proteins in 292 women meat-eaters, vegetarians, and vegans.

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2002 Nov;11(11):1441-8

Cancer Research United Kingdom Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6HE, United Kingdom.

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November 2002

Hypertension and blood pressure among meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans in EPIC-Oxford.

Public Health Nutr 2002 Oct;5(5):645-54

Cancer Research UK, Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, The Radcliffe Infirmary, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/PHN2002332DOI Listing
October 2002

Validity of self-reported height and weight in 4808 EPIC-Oxford participants.

Public Health Nutr 2002 Aug;5(4):561-5

Imperial Cancer Research Fund Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, The Radcliffe Infirmary, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/PHN2001322DOI Listing
August 2002

Lifestyle and nutritional determinants of bioavailable androgens and related hormones in British men.

Cancer Causes Control 2002 May;13(4):353-63

Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, UK.

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May 2002

Mortality in British vegetarians.

Public Health Nutr 2002 Feb;5(1):29-36

Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, The Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/PHN2001248DOI Listing
February 2002