Publications by authors named "Patrizio Cardinali"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Prediction of Responsiveness of Gait Variables to Rehabilitation Training in Parkinson's Disease.

Front Neurol 2019 2;10:826. Epub 2019 Aug 2.

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Gait disorders represent one of the most disabling features of Parkinson's disease, which may benefit from rehabilitation. No consistent evidence exists about which gait biomechanical factors can be modified by rehabilitation and which clinical characteristic can predict rehabilitation-induced improvements. The aims of the study were as follows: (i) to recognize the gait parameters modifiable by a short-term rehabilitation program; (ii) to evaluate the gait parameters that can normalize after rehabilitation; and (iii) to identify clinical variables predicting improvements in gait function after rehabilitation. Thirty-six patients affected by idiopathic Parkinson's disease in Hoehn-Yahr stage 1-3 and 22 healthy controls were included in the study. Both clinical and instrumental (gait analysis) evaluations were performed before and after a 10-weeks rehabilitation treatment. Time-distance parameters, lower limb joint, and trunk kinematics were measured. At baseline evaluation with matched speed, almost all gait parameters were significantly different between patients and healthy controls. After the 10-weeks rehabilitation, most gait parameters improved, and spatial asymmetry and trunk rotation normalized. Multiple linear regression of gender combined with Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale-III predicted both ΔSpeed and ΔStep length of both sides; gender combined with Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale-II predicted ΔCadence; age combined with Hoehn-Yahr score and disease duration predicted Δtrunk rotation range of motion. Impaired gait parameters are susceptible to improvement by rehabilitation, and younger men with Parkinson's disease who are less severely affected and at early disease stage are more susceptible to improvements in gait function after a 10-weeks rehabilitation program.
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August 2019

Spinal myoclonus with giant somatosensory evoked potentials and enhanced long-loop reflex: a case report.

Funct Neurol 2004 Jul-Sep;19(3):203-6

Department of Neurology and Otolaryngology, University "La Sapienza", Rome, Italy.

We describe a patient with an ischaemic lesion of the cervical spinal cord who presented with clinical evidence of stimulus-sensitive, multisegmental myoclonic jerks restricted to the truncal and proximal limb muscles and accompanied by electrophysiological features (giant somatosensory evoked potentials and enhanced long-loop reflex) of cortical myoclonus. We hypothesize that these features might result from a loss of inhibitory influences on the sensory input to cortical structures: a concomitant contribution of spinal and cortical hyperexcitability seems to have played a crucial role in inducing myoclonus in our patient.
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June 2005

Trigemino-cervical-spinal reflexes in humans.

Clin Neurophysiol 2003 Sep;114(9):1697-703

Dipartimento di Neurologia e Otorinolaringoiatria, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Viale dell'Università 30, 00185 Rome, Italy.

Introduction: Electrical stimulation of the supraorbital nerve (SON) induces late reflex responses in the neck muscles; these responses are hypothesised to be polysynaptic reflexes participating in a defensive withdrawal retraction of the head from facial nociceptive stimuli. Such responses may extend to the proximal muscle of the arms.

Objective: (1) to investigate reflexes in the upper limb muscles (trigemino-spinal responses, TSR) and their relationship with trigemino-cervical responses (TCR); and (2) to identify the nociceptive component of such reflexes and their functional significance.

Methods: Reflex responses were registered from the semispinalis capitis and biceps brachii muscles after electrical stimulation of the SON in 12 healthy subjects. The sensory (ST), painful (PT) and reflex thresholds, the latency and area of the responses, the effect of heterotopic painful stimulation (HTP), the recovery cycle as well as the effect of the expected and unexpected stimuli were measured.

Results: Stable reproducible TCR and TSR responses were identified at 2.5+/-0.4 x ST, which corresponded exactly to the PT in all the subjects. The TCR and TSR areas were markedly reduced after HTP. The recovery cycle of the TSR area was faster than that of the TCR. Repeated rhythmic stimulation failed to induce progressive reflex suppression.

Conclusions: These results confirm the nociceptive nature of the TCR and indicate that the biceps brachii response (TSR) has the same nocifensive significance as the posterior neck muscle responses. TCR and TSR are mediated different polysynaptic pathways The presence of trigemino-cervical-spinal responses in our study clearly indicates that there is a reflex interaction between nociceptive trigeminal afferents and both upper and lower cervical spinal cord motoneurons.
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September 2003