Publications by authors named "Patricia Muniz Mendes Freire de Moura"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Reduced Expression of IL-1β and IL-18 Proinflammatory Interleukins Increases the Risk of Developing Cervical Cancer.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2019 09 1;20(9):2715-2721. Epub 2019 Sep 1.

Laboratory of Molecular Biology of Viruses, Biological Sciences Institute, University of Pernambuco, Brazil.

Background: The objective of this study was to analyze the gene expression profile of the proinflammatory interleukins, (IL-1β and IL-18) in patients with premalignant lesions and cervical cancer. Methods: Total IL-1β and IL-18 mRNA was quantified by qPCR to obtain the expression data in cervical tissues. A total of 74 cervical biopsies were obtained from women undergoing a colposcopy. The samples were divided into: normal (19), low level lesions (LSIL) or NIC I (17), high level lesions (HSIL) or CIN II and CIN III (29) and cancer (9). The normal cervical tissue samples were included as controls. The OR and 95% CI were calculated for the determination of the risk of progression between each type of lesion and cancer using logistic regression. Results: The results showed that an increase in the risk of progression of pre-neoplastic lesions to cancer was between 2.5 and 2.08 times higher in women with lower IL-1β and IL-18 expression, respectively. Conclusions: This study provided evidence that IL-1β and IL-18 are potential biomarkers that can be explored in further studies for monitoring the evolution of pre-neoplastic lesions and avoiding overtreatment or undertreatment of the patients.
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September 2019

Association of the Polymorphism (Val16Ala) and SOD Activity with Vaso-occlusive Crisis and Acute Splenic Sequestration in Children with Sickle Cell Anemia.

Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis 2018 21;10(1):e2018012. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

Biological Science Institute, University of Pernambuco Pernambuco, Brazil.

The SOD2 polymorphism Val16Ala T→C influences the antioxidative response. This study investigated the association of the SOD2 polymorphism and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity with the vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC) and acute splenic sequestration (ASS) in children with sickle cell anemia (SCA). One hundred ninety-five children with SCA aged 1-9 years old were analyzed. The TC and CC genotypes were associated with lower SOD activity compared with the TT genotype (p=0.0321; p=0.0253, respectively). Furthermore, TC and CC were more frequent in patients with VOC or ASS (p=0.0285; p=0.0090, respectively). These results suggest that the SOD2 polymorphism associated with low SOD activity could be a susceptibility factor for the occurrence of VOC and ASS.
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February 2018

Association of rs1285933 single nucleotide polymorphism in CLEC5A gene with dengue severity and its functional effects.

Hum Immunol 2017 Oct 29;78(10):649-656. Epub 2017 Jul 29.

Laboratório de Hanseníase, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Electronic address:

Outbreaks of the Zika, dengue, and chikungunya viruses, especially in the Americas, pose a global threat due to their rapid spread and difficulty controlling the vector. Extreme phenotypes are often observed, from asymptomatic to severe clinical manifestations, which are well-studied in dengue. Host variations are also important contributors to disease outcomes, and many case-control studies have associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with severe dengue. Here, we found that the TC genotype and T-carriers for SNP rs1285933 in the C-type lectin superfamily member 5 (CLEC5A) gene was associated with severe dengue in a Northern Brazilian population (OR=2.75 and p-value=0.01, OR=2.11 and p-value=0.04, respectively). We also tested the functional effect of the CLEC5A protein and found that it is upregulated on the surface of human monocytes after in vitro dengue infection. CLEC5A was correlated with viral load inside the monocytes (Spearman r=0.55, p=0.008) and TNF production in culture supernatants (Spearman r=0.72, p=0.03). Analysis of mRNA in blood samples from DENV4-infected patients exhibiting mild symptoms showed that CLEC5A mRNA expression is correlated with TNF (r=0.67, p=0.0001) and other immune mediators. Monocytes from rs1285933 TT/TC individuals showed lower CLEC5A expression compared to CC genotypes. However, in these cells, CLEC5A was not correlated with TNF production. In summary, we confirmed that CLEC5A is genetically associated with dengue severity outcome, playing a central role during the immune response triggered by a dengue viral infection, and rs1285933 is a relevant SNP that is able to regulate signaling pathways after interactions between the dengue virus and CLEC5A receptors.
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October 2017

Mediators Go Together: High Production of CXCL9, CXCL10, IFN-γ, and TNF-α in HTLV-1-Associated Myelopathy/Tropical Spastic Paraparesis.

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 2017 Nov 25;33(11):1134-1139. Epub 2017 Jul 25.

1 Department of Virology and Experimental Therapy (LaViTE), Aggeu Magalhães Institute (IAM), Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz) , Recife, Brazil .

HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) is a chronic demyelinating and disabling syndrome caused by human T lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV-1). Although the pathogenic mechanisms that lead to HAM/TSP outcome have not been elucidated, genetic and immunological factors may be involved in the myelopathy occurrence. This study aimed to compare cytokines, chemokines, and nitric oxide (NO) levels in asymptomatic and HAM/TSP HTLV-1-infected patients. The study group consisted of 21 HAM/TSP and 48 asymptomatic HTLV-1 patients. Chemokines (CCL5, CCL2, CXCL8, CXCL9, and CXCL10) and cytokines [IL-2, interferon gamma (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), IL-4, IL-6, and IL-10] were measured using cytometric bead array, whereas NO production was measured after reaction of supernatants with nitrate reduction solution. CXCL9 and CXCL10 chemokines levels were found to be higher in the HAM/TSP group. CXCL9 was also strongly correlated with CXCL10 and both CXCL9 and CXCL10 were moderately correlated with CCL2 and CCL5 levels, in both HAM/TSP and asymptomatic groups. There was no significant difference related to NO, IL-4, IL-6, and IL-10 levels between the clinical groups but TNF-α and IFN-γ levels were increased in HAM/TSP patients. Thus, factors such as CXCL9, CXCL10, TNF-α, and IFN-γ could be good prognostic biomarker candidates, and further studies may help to clarify their association with HAM/TSP immunopathogenesis.
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November 2017

Serum cytokine/chemokine profiles in patients with dengue fever (DF) and dengue hemorrhagic fever (FHD) by using protein array.

J Clin Virol 2017 04 17;89:39-45. Epub 2017 Feb 17.

Departamento de Virologia, Centro de Pesquisas Aggeu Magalhães-Fundação Oswaldo Cruz-Fiocruz, Recife, PE, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: DENV infection can induce different clinical manifestations varying from mild forms to dengue fever (DF) or the severe hemorrhagic fever (DHF). Several factors are involved in the progression from DF to DHF. No marker is available to predict this progression. Such biomarker could allow a suitable medical care at the beginning of the infection, improving patient prognosis.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the serum expression levels of acute phase proteins in a well-established cohort of dengue fever (DF) and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) patients, in order to individuate a prognostic marker of diseases severity.

Study Design: The serum levels of 36 cytokines, chemokines and acute phase proteins were determined in DF and DHF patients and compared to healthy volunteers using a multiplex protein array and near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence detection. Serum levels of IL-1ra, IL-23, MIF, sCD40 ligand, IP-10 and GRO-α were also determined by ELISA.

Results: At the early stages of infection, GRO-α and IP-10 expression levels were different in DF compared to DHF patients. Besides, GRO-α was positively correlated with platelet counts and IP-10 was negatively correlated with total protein levels.

Conclusions: These findings suggest that high levels of GRO-α during acute DENV infection may be associated with a good prognosis, while high levels of IP-10 may be a warning sign of infection severity.
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April 2017

Primary dengue haemorrhagic fever in patients from northeast of Brazil is associated with high levels of interferon-β during acute phase.

Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 2016 May;111(6):378-84

Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Centro de Pesquisas Aggeu Magalhães, Departamento de Virologia, Recife PE , Brasil, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Centro de Pesquisas Aggeu Magalhães, Departamento de Virologia, Recife, PE, Brasil.

Dengue is an acute febrile disease caused by the mosquito-borne dengue virus (DENV) that according to clinical manifestations can be classified as asymptomatic, mild or severe dengue. Severe dengue cases have been associated with an unbalanced immune response characterised by an over secretion of inflammatory cytokines. In the present study we measured type I interferon (IFN-I) transcript and circulating levels in primary and secondary DENV infected patients. We observed that dengue fever (DF) and dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) patients express IFN-I differently. While DF and DHF patients express interferon-α similarly (52,71 ± 7,40 and 49,05 ± 7,70, respectively), IFN- β were associated with primary DHF patients. On the other hand, secondary DHF patients were not able to secrete large amounts of IFN- β which in turn may have influenced the high-level of viraemia. Our results suggest that, in patients from our cohort, infection by DENV serotype 3 elicits an innate response characterised by higher levels of IFN- β in the DHF patients with primary infection, which could contribute to control infection evidenced by the low-level of viraemia in these patients. The present findings may contribute to shed light in the role of innate immune response in dengue pathogenesis.
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May 2016

Relation between leukocyte count, adiposity, and cardiorespiratory fitness in pubertal adolescents.

Einstein (Sao Paulo) 2014 Oct-Dec;12(4):420-4

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Santos, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To compare the total and differential leukocyte count in obese and normal-weight adolescents, and to verify their possible relations with cardiorespiratory fitness and adiposity indicators.

Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted with 139 adolescents (107 obese and 32 normal weight) aged between 13 and 18 years. Cardiorespiratory fitness was determined by direct gas analysis during an incremental treadmill test. Total leukocytes and subsets were estimated by flow cytometry. Body composition was assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The t-test for independent samples was used for comparison between groups. The relation between leukocytes, cardiorespiratory fitness and adiposity indicators was verified by Pearson's correlation and multiple linear regression (adjusted for age and body mass index) tests.

Results: Obese adolescents had higher leukocyte (8.12±2.36u/L x 103; p=0.001), neutrophil (4.33±1.86u/L x 103; p=0.002), and monocyte (0.70±0.22u/L x 103; p=0.002) counts compared to the levels of normal weight subjects. After the necessary adjustments, cardiorespiratory fitness had a negative association with leukocytes, neutrophils, and monocytes in boys.

Conclusion: Obese adolescents had higher total and differential leucocyte count when compared to normal weight individuals. We also observed a weak positive association between adiposity and total leukocyte, monocyte, and neutrophil counts, and in boys, a negative association between cardiorespiratory fitness and total count of leukocytes, monocytes, and neutrophils.
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May 2015

Influence of fatty acids in maternal diet on atherogenesis in offspring of LDL receptor-deficient mice.

Int J Clin Exp Med 2012 15;5(1):56-63. Epub 2012 Jan 15.

Aims: The present study investigated the effect of a maternal diet rich in omega-6 (E6D) or omega-9 (E9D) on atherogenesis in the offspring of mice.

Main Methods: LDL receptor-deficient mice were fed a diet rich in either omega-6 (E6D) or omega-9 (E9D) for 45 days prior to mating and until the birth of the offspring, evaluating the effect on the offspring aorta in comparison to a standard diet (STD), by immunohistochemical analysis, morphometric analysis and electron microscopy.

Key Findings: Hypercholesterolemic female mice fed E6D generated offspring with high levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides (TG) and CC-chemokine ligand 2/monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (CCL2/ MCP-1) as well as a reduction in high-density lipoprotein. The ascending aorta of these animals exhibited an increase in arterial wall thickness as well as increased expression of CCL2/MCP-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1. The ultrastructural analysis revealed severe alterations in endothelial cells. The offspring from mothers fed E9D exhibited a reduction in TG and an increase in low-density lipoprotein. The ultrastructural analysis revealed a well-preserved aortic endothelium in these animals.

Significance: The results suggest that hypercholesterolemic mothers feed a diet rich in omega-6 predispose their offspring to endothelial dysfunction.
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August 2012