Publications by authors named "Pasquale Di Tonno"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

How Can the COVID-19 Pandemic Lead to Positive Changes in Urology Residency?

Front Surg 2020 24;7:563006. Epub 2020 Nov 24.

Department of Urology, IEO European Institute of Oncology IRCCS, Milan, Italy.

The COVID-19 outbreak, in a few weeks, overloaded Italian hospitals, and the majority of medical procedures were postponed. During the pandemic, with hospital reorganization, clinical and learning activities performed by residents suffered a forced remodulation. The objective of this study is to investigate how urology training in Italy has been affected during the COVID-19 era. In this multi-academic study, we compared residents' training during the highest outbreak level with their previous activity. Overall 387 (67.1%) of the 577 Italian Urology residents participated in a 72-h anonymous online survey with 36 items sent via email. The main outcomes were clinical/surgical activities, social distancing, distance learning, and telemedicine. Clinical and learning activity was significantly reduced for the overall group, and after categorizing residents as those working only in COVID hospitals, both "junior" and "senior" residents, and those working in any of three geographical areas created (Italian regions were clustered in three major zones according to the prevalence of COVID-19). A significant decrease in outpatient activity, invasive diagnostic procedures, and endoscopic and major surgeries was reported. Through multivariate analysis, the specific year of residency has been found to be an independent predictor for all response modification. Being in zone 3 and zone 2 and having "senior" resident status were independent predictors associated with a lower reduction of the clinical and learning activity. Working in a COVID hospital and having "senior" resident status were independent predictors associated with higher reduction of the outpatient activity. Working in zone 3 and having "senior" resident status were independent predictors of lower and higher outpatient surgical activity, respectively. Working in a COVID hospital was an independent predictor associated with robotic surgical activity. The majority of residents reported that distance teaching and multidisciplinary virtual meetings are still not used, and 44.8% reported that their relationships with colleagues decreased. The COVID-19 pandemic presents an unprecedented challenge, including changes in the training and education of urology residents. The COVID era can offer an opportunity to balance and implement innovative solutions that can bridge the educational gap and can be part of future urology training.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fsurg.2020.563006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7732553PMC
November 2020

[Surgical overview on kidney and pancreas transplantation].

G Ital Nefrol 2016 May-Jun;33(3)

The main purpose of this paper, written by a group of Italian expert transplant surgeons, is to provide clinical support and to help through the decision-making process over pre-transplant surgical procedures in potential kidney recipients, as well as selection of pancreas transplant candidates and perioperative management of kidney recipient. Current topics such as different approaches in minimally invasive donor nephrectomy, methods of graft preservation and treatment of failed allograft were addressed.
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November 2017

An open, randomised, multicentre, phase 3 trial comparing the efficacy of two tamoxifen schedules in preventing gynaecomastia induced by bicalutamide monotherapy in prostate cancer patients.

Eur Urol 2010 Feb 19;57(2):238-45. Epub 2009 May 19.

University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.

Background: Bicalutamide monotherapy is a valuable option for prostate cancer (PCa) patients who wish to avoid the consequences of androgen deprivation; however, this treatment induces gynaecomastia and mastalgia in most patients. Tamoxifen is safe and effective in preventing breast events induced by bicalutamide monotherapy without affecting antitumor activity, but possible interference between bicalutamide and tamoxifen remains a matter of concern. To reduce the exposure to tamoxifen, we considered the putative advantages of weekly administration.

Objective: To compare the efficacy of two different schedules of tamoxifen in preventing breast events. Toxicity, prostate-specific antigen behaviour, and sexual-functioning scores were also evaluated.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This was a noninferiority trial. From December 2003 to February 2006, 80 patients with localised/locally advanced or biochemically recurrent PCa who were also candidates for bicalutamide single therapy were randomised to receive two different schedules of tamoxifen: daily (n=41) and weekly (n=39). Median follow-up was 24.2 mo.

Intervention: Daily bicalutamide (150 mg) plus daily tamoxifen 20mg continuously (daily group) or the same but with tamoxifen at 20mg weekly after the first 8 wk of daily treatment (weekly group). Three patients in the weekly group and one in the daily group were discontinued for adverse events.

Measurements: For gynaecomastia, we used ultrasonography. For mastalgia and sexual functioning, we used questionnaires.

Results And Limitations: Gynaecomastia developed in 31.7% of patients in the daily group and in 74.4% of patients in the weekly group (p<0.0001), and it was more severe in patients who switched to weekly tamoxifen (p=0.001). Mastalgia occurred in 12.2% and 46.1% of patients, respectively (p=0.001). There were no major differences among treatment schedules relative to sexual functioning scores and incidence and severity of adverse events. No differences between groups in PSA behaviour and disease progression have been detected so far.

Conclusions: This study demonstrated that tamoxifen 20mg/wk is inferior to tamoxifen 20mg/d in preventing the incidence and severity of bicalutamide-induced breast events. The safety and efficacy of tamoxifen at the common daily dose of 20mg for the prophylaxis of bicalutamide-induced breast events were confirmed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eururo.2009.05.019DOI Listing
February 2010

Interleukin-2, interferon-alpha and medroxyprogesterone acetate in metastatic renal cell carcinoma.

Anticancer Res 2002 Sep-Oct;22(5):3045-51

Medical and Experimental Oncology Department, Oncology Institute, Via Amendola 209, 70126 Bari, Italy.

Background: Interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) are the main immuno-biological agents used in the therapy of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Unfortunately the promising results obtained in biological studies have not yet been confirmed in clinical studies. One reason is linked to the immunosuppression of metastatic patients which is caused by macrophage products. IL-6 in particular is considered a growth factor for RCC. Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) may interfere with IL-6 macrophage production, possibly causing a synergistic effect in association with IL-2 and IFN-alpha. Therefore the purpose of our study was to evaluate the toxicity and the efficacy of the association between IL-2, IFN-alpha and MPA.

Patients And Methods: Forty-two consecutive patients with metastatic RCC were enrolled. IL-2 was administered subcutaneously at doses of 4.5 million UI on days 1-5, 8-12, 15-19 and 22-26; IFN-alpha was administered s.c. at a dose of 3 million t.t.w; MPA was administered orally at a dose of 1000 mg daily. This schedule was repeated after a rest of 2 weeks.

Results: Toxicity was mild: the main symptoms observed were fatigue and fever. Six CR (14%), five PR (12%), thirteen SD (31%) and seventeen PD (41%) were observed for an overall response rate of 26%. Patients with good PS and low levels of CRP had a better prognosis.

Conclusion: Considering both the good activity and the low toxicity of this scheme, we think that it could be carried out in normal clinical practice.
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February 2003

Repair of vaginal prolapse following penoscrotal flap vaginoplasty in a male-to-female transsexual.

Gynecol Obstet Invest 2002 ;53(4):234-6

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Bari, Italy.

Penis and testicle amputation, vaginoplasty, and clitoroplasty are procedures that help male-to-female transsexuals to accept their body and to increase psychosocial well-being. We describe a successful correction of prolapse of the neovagina with abdominovaginal sacropexy in a male-to-female transsexual who had undergone penoscrotal flap vaginoplasty. Although the reasons for a neovaginal prolapse are not completely known, in our case vaginal sacropexy was successful, with good functional and cosmetic results.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000064559DOI Listing
February 2003