Publications by authors named "Pasquale Centoducati"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Foal meat volatile compounds: effect of vacuum ageing on semimembranosus muscle.

J Sci Food Agric 2019 Mar 22;99(4):1660-1667. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University 'Aldo Moro' of Bari, Valenzano, Italy.

Background: Cooked meat flavor arises through a combination of thermally generated aroma volatile and nonvolatile compounds in a matrix of muscle fiber, connective tissue, and fat. Ageing could affect meat odor, taste, and flavor by the development of odor compounds in the raw product. The aim of the work is to assess the ageing effect on the volatile compounds profile by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of foal meat vacuum packaged for storage at 4 °C for a period of 14 days.

Results: Only pentane and 3,7-dimethylnonane were significantly affected by ageing time (P < 0.01). Octanal and nonanal presented an increasing trend with higher values at 14 ageing days compared with six ageing days (P < 0.01).

Conclusions: Ageing poorly affects the volatile compounds production of foal meat. Probably, 14 days is considered to be a short maturation time in vacuum packaging for foal meat. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.9350DOI Listing
March 2019

ATP Sensitive Potassium Channels in the Skeletal Muscle Function: Involvement of the KCNJ11(Kir6.2) Gene in the Determination of Mechanical Warner Bratzer Shear Force.

Front Physiol 2016 10;7:167. Epub 2016 May 10.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari Aldo Moro Bari, Italy.

The ATP-sensitive K(+)-channels (KATP) are distributed in the tissues coupling metabolism with K(+) ions efflux. KATP subunits are encoded by KCNJ8 (Kir6.1), KCNJ11 (Kir6.2), ABCC8 (SUR1), and ABCC9 (SUR2) genes, alternative RNA splicing give rise to SUR variants that confer distinct physiological properties on the channel. An high expression/activity of the sarco-KATP channel is observed in various rat fast-twitch muscles, characterized by elevated muscle strength, while a low expression/activity is observed in the slow-twitch muscles characterized by reduced strength and frailty. Down-regulation of the KATP subunits of fast-twitch fibers is found in conditions characterized by weakness and frailty. KCNJ11 gene knockout mice have reduced glycogen, lean phenotype, lower body fat, and weakness. KATP channel is also a sensor of muscle atrophy. The KCNJ11 gene is located on BTA15, close to a QTL for meat tenderness, it has also a role in glycogen storage, a key mechanism of the postmortem transformation of muscle into meat. The role of KCNJ11 gene in muscle function may underlie an effect of KCNJ11 genotypes on meat tenderness, as recently reported. The fiber phenotype and genotype are important in livestock production science. Quantitative traits including meat production and quality are influenced both by environment and genes. Molecular markers can play an important role in the genetic improvement of animals through breeding strategies. Many factors influence the muscle Warner-Bratzler shear force including breed, age, feeding, the biochemical, and functional parameters. The role of KCNJ11gene and related genes on muscle tenderness will be discussed in the present review.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2016.00167DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4862255PMC
May 2016

Is meat quality from Longissimus lumborum samples correlated with other cuts in horse meat?

Anim Sci J 2016 Mar 14;87(3):428-38. Epub 2015 Oct 14.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University "Aldo Moro" of Bari, Valenzano (BA), Italy.

The present work aims to investigate if the variation of each parameter in Longissimus lumborum muscle could correspond to the same or to a similar variation of the parameter in the other muscles. The work presents results of Pearson's correlations between Longissimus lumborum samples and other muscle samples, such as Biceps femoris, Rectus femoris, Semimembranosus, Supraspinatus and Semitendinosus in horse meat. A total of 27 male IHDH (Italian Heavy Draught Horse) breed foals were employed. They were slaughtered at 11 months of age and the above-mentioned muscles were sampled. The Longissimus lumborum muscle showed to be representative of other muscles and of the whole carcass for some chemical parameters (moisture, protein and ash) and for some fatty acids profile patterns such as C12:0, C14:0, total monounsaturated fatty acid and polyunsaturated fatty acid, but poor correlations were recorded for intramuscular fat concentration, rheological and colorimetric parameters. Although almost all the qualitative parameters in meat are affected by the anatomical site and by the muscle, the Longissimus lumborum is often not representative in horse meat with regard to modifications of this parameters.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/asj.12433DOI Listing
March 2016

Effect of nutritive level on carcass traits and meat quality of IHDH foals.

Anim Sci J 2014 Jul 24;85(7):780-6. Epub 2014 Jun 24.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Valenzano, Bari, Italy.

The present work describes the effect of nutritive level on horse carcass traits and on meat quality. Eighteen male Italian Heavy Draught Horse (IHDH) breed foals were employed in the study. Soon after foaling they were randomly subdivided into three groups according to three nutritive level classes: 150%, 180% and 200% of maintenance requirements. Live weight, hot carcass weight and dressing percentage of each animal were recorded. After slaughtering, meat samples were collected from Longissimus dorsi muscle. The right half carcass of each animal was then divided into cuts. Each one was subdivided into lean, fat and bones. Live weight, carcass weight and dressing percentage were not affected by nutritive level (P>0.05). Horses fed with the lower nutritive level showed a higher incidence of lean and a lower incidence of fat (P<0.01). Moreover, fatty acid profile was not affected by nutritive level (P>0.05). Probably the tendency of IHDH foals to concentrate adipogenesis in the subcutaneous district could explain the lack of influence of nutritive level on meat quality parameters and its influence on carcass and cut composition, which tend to be richer in fat.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/asj.12203DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4140599PMC
July 2014

Effect of different ventilation regimens on ewes' milk and Canestrato Pugliese cheese quality in summer.

J Dairy Res 2005 Nov;72(4):447-55

Dipartimento PRIME, Università degli Studi di Foggia, Via Napoli, 25, 71100 Foggia, Italy.

The influence of three different ventilation regimens on air pollution in sheep houses and on the quality of ewe milk and of Canestrato Pugliese cheese was investigated during the summer season. The experimental treatments were low ventilation regimen (VR=35 m3/h per ewe) split in 30-min ventilation cycles (LOV-30); moderate ventilation regimen (VR=70 m3/h per ewe) split in 30-min ventilation cycles (MOV-30); moderate ventilation regimen (VR=70 m3/h per ewe) split in 60-min ventilation cycles (MOV-60). The LOV-30 milk had higher microbial load and bulk milk somatic cell count (BMSCC) and resulted in a weaker casein matrix in the curd compared with the MOV-30 and MOV-60 treatments. At 45 d of ripening, the LOV-30 cheeses had a lower casein content and higher non-casein nitrogen (NCN) and water-soluble nitrogen (WSN) contents than the MOV-30 and MOV-60 cheeses. Urea-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (urea-PAGE) of the pH 4.6-soluble N extract showed that the MOV-60 cheeses had fewer bands derived from casein (CN) hydrolysis than the LOV-30 or MOV-30 cheeses, despite its having exhibited the highest plasmin (PL) activity levels. Our results suggest that the ventilation regimen is critical in dairy sheep housing for optimizing the hygienic quality of ewe milk and the proteolytic processes occurring in Canestrato Pugliese cheese during ripening.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022029905001305DOI Listing
November 2005