Publications by authors named "Parichehr Amiri"

5 Publications

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Consumption of melatonin supplement improves cardiovascular disease risk factors and anthropometric indices in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial.

Trials 2021 Mar 25;22(1):231. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Student Research Committee, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a common chronic disease. Dyslipidemia and hypertension are two complications that may develop in diabetic patients if hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, and weight gain are not controlled. This study investigated the effects of melatonin supplementation on some cardiovascular disease risk factors and anthropometric indices in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Materials And Methods: In this double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, 50 T2DM patients were randomly allocated to intervention and control groups which received two tablets of either melatonin or placebo (250 mg) once a day for 8 weeks. Systolic blood pressure (SBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), pulse pressure (PP), the atherogenic index of plasma (AIP), weight, body mass index (BMI), waist and hip circumference (WC, HC), a body shape index (ABSI), abdominal volume index (AVI), body adiposity index (BAI), lipid accumulation product (LAP), conicity index, and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) were evaluated in all the patients pre- and post-intervention.

Results: Melatonin supplementation for 8 weeks significantly decreased the mean levels of SBP, MAP, PP, weight, BMI, WC, HC, BAI, AVI, conicity index, and WHtR post-intervention (p <  0.05). Also, the median changes of SBP, MAP, PP, weight, BMI, WC, HC BAI, AVI, and conicity index were significantly lower in the intervention group compared with the control group (p <  0.05). A significant increase (p <  0.001) was observed in the mean levels of ABSI in the intervention group. The median changes of ABSI were significantly greater in the intervention group compared with the control group (p <  0.001).

Conclusions: Consumption of melatonin supplement may be effective in controlling arterial pressure including SBP, MAP, and PP and anthropometric indices (as predictors of obesity) in T2DM patients.

Trial Registration: Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials IRCT20190303042905N1 . Registered on 17 May 2019.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-021-05174-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7995760PMC
March 2021

Association of proinflammatory genes expression with serum interleukin 1β and free fatty acids in metabolically healthy and unhealthy abdominally obese individuals: a case-control study.

BMC Immunol 2019 07 4;20(1):23. Epub 2019 Jul 4.

Kidney Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Background: Proinflammatory genes are highly expressed in several metabolic disorders associated with obesity. But it is not clarified whether gene expression levels and downstream inflammatory markers are related to the metabolic state or the presence of obesity. Hence, the present study aimed to compare Toll-Like Receptor 2 (TLR2), Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88 (MyD88), and NFĸB mRNA expression levels between metabolically healthy abdominally obese (MHAO) and metabolically unhealthy abdominally obese (MUAO) individuals.

Results: We compared mRNA expression levels of the genes as well as serum FFAs and IL-1β in MUAO (n = 36) and MHAO (n = 34) groups. Serum FBS, TG, and HDL-C in addition to systolic and diastolic blood pressure were significantly higher in MUAO than MHAO groups (p < 0.05). The odds of MUAO was significantly decreased with high HDL-C (OR = 0.22, 95%CI: 0.08-0.63) and increased with high FBS (OR = 7.04, 95%CI: 1.42-34.69) and TG (OR = 30.55, 95%CI: 7.48-60.67). There were no significant differences in proinflammatory genes as well as serum FFAs and IL-1β between the two groups. No associations were found between the genes expression and serum markers. However, NFĸB expression was significantly correlated with TLR2 and MyD88 (r = 0.747; p < 0.001). Significant correlations were also noticed between TLR2 and MyD88 expression as well as between serum FFAs and IL-1β in each group (p < 0.001).

Conclusion: Serum concentration of IL-1β, FFAs, and mRNA expression levels of TLR2, MyD88, and NFĸB may be resulted from abdominal obesity and not be related to the presence or absence of metabolic health.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12865-019-0303-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6611037PMC
July 2019

Inflammatory Potential of Diet: Association With Chemerin, Omentin, Lipopolysaccharide-Binding Protein, and Insulin Resistance in the Apparently Healthy Obese.

J Am Coll Nutr 2019 May-Jun;38(4):302-310. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

e Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health , University of South Carolina , Columbia , South Carolina , USA.

Objective: Low-grade inflammation is a characteristic of various conditions, including obesity. Diet is regarded as a strong modifier of inflammation. The potential links between inflammatory properties of diet and adipokines as well as insulin resistance (IR) warrant further investigation. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the associations of the dietary inflammatory index (DII) with serum chemerin, omentin, and lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP) as well as IR among apparently healthy obese adults.

Design: In this cross-sectional study, 171 abdominally obese subjects were recruited in the northwest of Iran. Demographic data, dietary intake, anthropometric indices, and physical activity (PA) were assessed. DII scores were calculated based on dietary intake, using a validated 168-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Basal blood samples were collected to determine the biochemical parameters. A linear regression test with adjusted beta estimates was applied for data analysis.

Result: Compared to those with higher DII score, the group with lower DII score (anti-inflammatory diet) had higher protein (83.62 ± 36.42 g vs. 71.61 ± 25.94 g) and lower carbohydrate (325.00 ± 125.76 g vs. 378.19 ± 137.69 g) intake. Participants with higher DII score had lower consumption of polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats as well as fiber and higher saturated fats (p < .001). Those with elevated DII score had higher levels of chemerin (p = .034) and LBP (p = .040), compared to those with lower DII. Omentin showed no significant differences between groups with different DII scores. Additionally, people with a more proinflammatory diet had higher FBS (p = .005); however, other markers of IR did not differ by DII scores.

Conclusions: The results suggest that increased inflammatory potential of diet, as indicated by higher DII score, is associated with elevated levels of chemerin and LBP. While DII was positively associated with FBS, no significant correlation was found for insulin and other indices of IR.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07315724.2018.1504348DOI Listing
August 2020

Toll-like receptor signaling and serum levels of interferon β and lipopolysaccharide binding protein are related to abdominal obesity: a case-control study between metabolically healthy and metabolically unhealthy obese individuals.

Nutr Res 2018 07 6;55:11-20. Epub 2018 Apr 6.

Immunology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

It is still unclear whether toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling and serum levels of inflammatory markers in metabolically unhealthy abdominally obese (MUAO) are due to their obesity and/or their metabolic state. We hypothesized that abdominal obesity is an important mediator of the association of metabolic state with TLR signaling and serum inflammatory markers. Therefore, in this case-control study, we compared the expression levels of TLR4 and Toll/interleukin-1 receptor domain containing adaptor protein-inducing interferon β (TRIF) and serum concentrations of interferon β and lipoprotein-binding protein (LBP) in metabolically healthy abdominally obese (MHAO) and MUAO individuals. Basal blood samples from 65 abdominally obese subjects with waist circumference (WC) of at least 95 cm were collected to determine serum metabolic parameters, IFNβ, and LBP. Those with 3 or more metabolic alterations were defined as MUAO (n = 34), and those having 2 or less were classified as MHAO (n = 31). Furthermore, messenger RNA (mRNA) was isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells. TLR4 and TRIF gene expression assay was performed using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. There were significant differences in serum fasting blood sugar (P = .017), triglyceride (P < .001), cholesterol (P = .002), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P = .034) between the MUAO and MHAO groups, whereas no significant difference was observed in the expression ratio of TLR4 and TRIF mRNA and serum levels of IFNβ and LBP. However, a significant correlation was noticed between mRNA expression levels of TLR4 and TRIF (r = 0.50, P < .001) and serum IFNβ and LBP (r = 0.70, P < .001). It is concluded that the expression levels of TLR4 and TRIF as well as serum IFNβ and LBP are more related to abdominal obesity than to metabolic health.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nutres.2018.03.014DOI Listing
July 2018

Association of endotoxaemia with serum free fatty acids in metabolically healthy and unhealthy abdominally obese individuals: a case-control study in northwest of Iran.

BMJ Open 2017 05 9;7(5):e015910. Epub 2017 May 9.

Department of Public Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences, Maragheh, The Islamic Republic of Iran.

Objectives: This study aimed to compare serum free fatty acids (FFAs) and lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP) between metabolically healthy abdominally obese (MHAO) and metabolically unhealthy abdominally obese (MUAO) individuals. We also examined the association between serum FFAs and LBP in the participants.

Methods: In this age-matched and gender-matched case-control study, 164 abdominally obese subjects were recruited from June to November 2015 in the northwest of Iran. Demographic data, dietary intake, body composition, anthropometric indices and physical activity (PA) were assessed. Basal blood samples were collected to determine serum metabolic parameters, FFAs and LBP. Abdominal obesity was defined as having waist circumference ≥95 cm. Those with three or more metabolic alterations were defined as MUAO and those having two or less were classified as MHAO. Data were analysed using SPSS V.17.0.

Results: There were no significant differences in dietary intake, anthropometric indices, body composition and PA between the two groups. The odds of MUAO significantly increased by increments in serum fasting blood sugar (OR 3.79, 95% CI 2.25 to 6.40), triglycerides (OR 1.10, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.15), systolic blood pressure (OR 1.02, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.04) and diastolic blood pressure (OR 1.03, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.06) and decreased by increase in serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (OR 0.32, 95% CI 0.20 to 0.52). The levels of LBP and FFAs showed no significant differences between the two groups. However, significant correlations were found between LBP and FFAs in pooled population (r=0.712; p<0.001) as well as in cases (r=0.717; p<0.001) and controls (r=0.704; p<0.001). Neither FFAs nor LBP were significantly correlated with dietary intake or metabolic parameters (p>0.05).

Conclusion: The results indicated that serum LBP and FFAs are highly correlated both in MHAO and MUAO states. In addition, the levels of LBP and FFAs seem to be more related to abdominal obesity than to the presence or absence of metabolic health.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-015910DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5623386PMC
May 2017