Publications by authors named "Paola Magnano"

19 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Risk Intelligence as a Resource in Career Transition: The Role of College Satisfaction on the Visions about Future Jobs.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2021 Sep 7;11(3):1030-1043. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Faculty of Human and Social Sciences, Kore University, Cittadella Universitaria, 94100 Enna, Italy.

(1) Background: University transition is a critical step in career construction due to the uncertainty and unpredictability of socioeconomic conditions; these conditions compel people to manage a greater quantity of perceived risks associated with their career projects than in the past, and to face unexpected situations that could compromise their quality of life in educational and work contexts. After all, experiencing well-being during the university path can undoubtedly affect the visions of one's future work, especially when a transition period is nearby. The present study aimed to explore the role of subjective risk intelligence in expectations about future work, analyzing the potential mediational role of academic satisfaction in this relationship. (2) Methods: A longitudinal study was carried out on 352 Italian university students at the end of the degree course. We used the following measures: in T1, Subjective risk intelligence scale, College Satisfaction scale; in T2, three items assessing the expectations about future work. (3) Results: The main findings showed that subjective risk intelligence has both direct and indirect effects (through the mediation of college satisfaction) on the expectations about future work. (4) Conclusions: The ability to manage risks, also through the contribution of domain-specific satisfaction, can lead to positive expectations toward one's future work. This could increase the likelihood to perform career-related behaviors in a more proactive way if people have high risk management skills and high levels of academic satisfaction with their university path during transition.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe11030077DOI Listing
September 2021

The Psychological Impact of Coronavirus Pandemic Restrictions in Italy. The Mediating Role of the Fear of COVID-19 in the Relationship between Positive and Negative Affect with Positive and Negative Outcomes.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2021 Jul 8;11(3):697-710. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Faculty of Human and Social Sciences, Kore University, 94100 Enna, Italy.

Italy was quickly hit hard by the coronavirus. 'Lockdown' has significantly impacted the psychological health, personal wellbeing and quality of life of the people. The study aims to explore the relationship between positive and negative affect, as well as positive (spiritual well-being and flourishing) and negative outcomes (psychological distress caused by a traumatic life event in terms of perception of PTSD symptoms) on Italian adults during the lockdown period. Data was collected between April and May 2020. The participants were 281 Italian adults aged between 18 and 73 years. The survey was composed of the following measures: Flourishing Scale, Jarel Spiritual Well-Being scale, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, Impact of Event Scale-Revised, Fear of COVID-19. The mediational analysis shows that fear of COVID-19 fully mediates the relationship between negative affect and spiritual well-being and flourishing; fear of COVID-19 partially mediates the relationship between negative affect and PTSD symptoms; the positive affect shows only direct effects on positive outcomes. Therefore, fear of COVID-19 does not play any mediation role. Implications for psychological interventions and future research will be discussed.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe11030050DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8314377PMC
July 2021

Personal Values in Relation to Risk Intelligence: Evidence from a Multi-Mediation Model.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2021 Jul 31;11(8). Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Faculty of Human and Social Sciences, Kore University, 94100 Enna, Italy.

In a risk society, personal values can be important resources, useful for managing uncertainty and guiding people in the perception of risk. The goal of this article is to explore the relationship between risk intelligence and personal values. The participants were 731 Italian adults aged between 18 and 65 years (M = 30.25; DS = 10.71). The survey was composed of the following measures: Subjective Risk Intelligence Scale and Portrait Values Questionnaire. Data analyses have found significant relationships between some types of personal values and risk intelligence: subjective risk intelligence is negatively related to conservation and positively related to openness to change and self-transcendence, but it was not related to self-enhancement. Furthermore, values of openness to change and self-transcendence mediate the relationship between age and subjective risk intelligence, while conservation values and self-enhancement values did not mediate the same relationship. Implication for practice and future research will be discussed.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bs11080109DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8389275PMC
July 2021

The Influence of Self-Efficacy and Locus of Control on Body Image: A Path-Analysis in Aspiring Fashion Models, Athletes and Students.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 06 6;18(11). Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Faculty of Human and Social Sciences, Kore University, 94100 Enna, Italy.

It is widely documented that negative body image is a significant public health concern due to its association with symptoms of disordered eating and worse psychological well-being. The purpose of the study was to develop a path model of intrapersonal dimensions (self-efficacy and internal locus of control) as antecedents of perceived stress toward females' body dissatisfaction and eating attitude disorders. A total of 300 females, including 100 aspiring fashion models, 100 athletes and 100 students (controls), between 15 and 24 years of age (M = 19.6, SD = 1.85) participated in the study. Measures included level of psychological stress, self-efficacy and locus of control dimensions, body dissatisfaction and eating attitude disorder indices. A path analysis confirmed our research hypothesis. Comparing the three subsamples, we found better fit indexes in the two subgroups with elevated investment on their body image with respect the control group. More specifically, the model in the group of aspiring fashion models showed the best fit index. These results indicated that aspiring fashion models have a strong desire to maintain their low body mass or to become thinner. For this reason, a suitable involvement of expert health workers in the nutritional and psychological field could be extremely essential in the fashion world to maintain a healthier well-being.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18116128DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8201046PMC
June 2021

Emotional Intelligence and Social Support: Two Key Factors in Preventing Occupational Stress during COVID-19.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 06 28;18(13). Epub 2021 Jun 28.

Faculty of Human and Social Sciences, University of Enna Kore, 94100 Enna, Italy.

Emotional intelligence (EI) and social support are among the most investigated hypothesized variables that affect stress at work. The current study aims to evaluate the direct association between EI and occupational stress and its indirect relationship mediated by three sources of social support during the spread of the COVID-19. The total sample was composed of 367 individuals (53.7% males), aged from 20 to 68 ( = 37.84, = 10.39), who filled out an online questionnaire. A mediation analysis was performed to test the hypothesized relationships. Our findings showed that EI has a direct effect on psychological effects and an indirect effect on almost all the facets of occupational stress. The significant mediators were social support from both family and friends. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed and directions for future studies are suggested.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136918DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8296921PMC
June 2021

Decent work and hope for the future among young migrants.

J Prev Interv Community 2021 Jun 7:1-14. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Human and Social Sciences, Kore University, Enna, Italy.

Work is a multidimensional construct that plays a crucial role in people's lives, assuring their psychological well-being, social connections, and self-determination. "Decent" work is conceptualized as a satisfactory job in conditions of equity, security, and respect for human rights. The paper reports the results of a study on the perception of the future and decent work in young immigrants, at risk of undertaking undignified and unsatisfactory jobs. The data were collected through a semi-structured interview, aimed at exploring the representations of decent work and hope. Data analysis was conducted through both qualitative and quantitative methods. The results of the study are discussed with reference to career counseling promoting decent work for immigrant people, activating the motivation to plan the future, including hope.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10852352.2021.1935198DOI Listing
June 2021

Food Neophobia and Food Disgust: The Mediating Role of Perceived Vulnerability to Disease.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2021 Apr 29;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Educational Sciences, University of Catania, Via Biblioteca 4, 95124 Catania, Italy.

Negative attitudes towards food are influenced by two factors, neophobia and often related disgust. Neophobia is the tendency to avoid new foods, while food disgust is the refusal of food that is considered potentially harmful to health. The study presented here aims to analyze the correlation between these two attitudes and the possible mediation operated by the perception of vulnerability to diseases, in order to understand if and how this contributes to the disgust towards certain unfamiliar foods. The study was developed through the administration of an anonymous questionnaire to a sample of 487 Italian citizens participating on a voluntary basis. Three tools were used: Food Neophobia Scale, Perceived Vulnerability to Disease, and Food Disgust Scale. The results showed a strong positive correlation between food disgust and food neophobia. Furthermore, through the application of structural mediation models, it has been shown that between food neophobia and food disgust, there is a mediation effect determined by perceived infectivity. The research aims to make a significant contribution to the understanding of the relationship between food disgust and some individual and psychological characteristics of people, demonstrating that the fear of disease transmission affects their food choices.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bs11050065DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8145377PMC
April 2021

Mood States and Performance in Elite Canoe Polo Players: The Mediating Role of Stress.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 04 23;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Biomedical and Biotechnological Sciences, University of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy.

Sport performance is characterized by competitive stressful conditions that elicit emotional states. The purpose of the study was to examine whether stress mediated the relationship between mood states and performance. Thirty-two elite canoe polo players from four different Italian teams (16 senior males and 16 senior females), aged between 29 and 38 years old (M = 32.3, SD = 2.71), participated in the study. Measures included level of psychological stress, six mood dimensions, and performance outcome. We also detected the digit ratio-the lower second-to-fourth digit length (2D:4D) ratio-as it was demonstrated to be correlated to high sports performance. The assessment took place one day before the first game of the national competition "ITALY CUP". Male athletes reported lower scores on dysfunctional emotion-related states and on 2D:4D ratio than female athletes. The results of the mediation analysis showed that psychological stress plays a mediating role between moods and performance. Overall, given the limited literature, the findings supported an integrative approach to the study of the linkage between emotion and action in canoe polo.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094494DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8122864PMC
April 2021

The Concepts of Work and Decent Work in Relationship With Self-Efficacy and Career Adaptability: Research With Quantitative and Qualitative Methods in Adolescence.

Front Psychol 2021 30;12:660721. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Educational Sciences, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.

The way people make career choices is often influenced by their idea of work. Alongside this concept, there is the idea of decent work, which takes the form of the opportunity, for men and women, to have productive, equal, safe, and rights-based work. We have conducted a study on these two concepts with a group of Italian adolescents, using both quantitative and qualitative methods. We found that most of the participants consider work as a means to obtain economic benefits and satisfy certain values, and decent work as characterized by the respect for rights and duties and economic benefits; a part of the participants fails in giving a definition of decent work or gives a negative definition of it. We deepened the study through quantitative analyses that revealed that those who have a more complex view of work and decent work also have higher levels of self-efficacy and career adaptability. These findings are discussed in the light of previous research and from a perspective that intends to give a contribution to career counseling practices.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.660721DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8042131PMC
March 2021

Courage, Career Adaptability, and Readiness as Resources to Improve Well-Being during the University-to-Work Transition in Italy.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 12;18(6). Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Sassari, Via Roma, 151, 07100 Sassari, Italy.

College students approaching a university degree can experience a critical period in their career development path that could affect their well-being. The main aim of this study was to examine the role of courage, career adaptability, and professional readiness as protective factors toward life satisfaction and flourishing during the university-to-work transition. These psychosocial resources could be useful to cope with the recent transformations of the labor market. The study involved 352 Italian university students (M = 100; F = 252), aged from 21 to 29 years (M = 23.57; SD = 2.37), attending the last year of their degree course. The results of the mediation analysis showed that courage plays a mediating role between career transition readiness and career adaptability, on one hand, with well-being indicators as outcomes. The results are discussed, providing some suggestions on practical implications for career interventions to support college students during the university-to-work transition.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062919DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8000882PMC
March 2021

Effects of social distancing on psychological state and physical activity routines during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Sport Sci Health 2020 Sep 25:1-6. Epub 2020 Sep 25.

Department of Neuroscience and Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.

Background: The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has affected the entire world. Since the reporting of the first cases, Italy has quickly become the country hit second firmest in the world by the coronavirus. Governments' immediate protective restrictions modified the habit of the individuals and included full lockdowns of cities, travel, restricted social congregations, and suspended schools.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to survey the general community in Italy to better recognize their levels of psychological impact, emotional responses and maintaining their daily exercise or physical activity routines during the initial stage of the COVID-19 outbreak.

Methods: 670 adults were invited to complete an online survey collecting information on demographic data, physical and emotional symptoms in the past 14 days, contact history with COVID-19, and keeping regular physical activity. Data analysis was conducted through mixed qualitative and quantitative methods.

Results: During the initial phase of the COVID-19 outbreak in Italy, more than half of the respondents reported a significant psychological and physical impact.

Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic is bringing significant challenges to people, families, and countries. For further studies, these findings can be used to advance psychological interventions to reduce the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11332-020-00697-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7517049PMC
September 2020

The Italian version of the Work Psychosocial Climate Scale (Escala Clima Psicosocial en el Trabajo).

Work 2020 ;66(4):789-798

Department of Psychology, University Rovira i Virgili, Campus Sescelades, Tarragona, Spain; ORCID: 0000-0001-7685-9071.

Background: The organizational climate is a quality of the internal environment of an organization that is shared by its members, can be described in terms of the values of the characteristics of an organization, influencing the workers' behaviour. A number of empirical studies have examined the relationship between climate perceptions and a variety of variables such as job satisfaction, performance, psychological well-being, absenteeism and turnover.

Objective: The aim of the present study was to verify the psychometric properties of the Work Psychosocial Climate Scale in the Italian context.

Methods: The participants were 1063 Italian workers. The survey comprised: Work Psychosocial Climate Scale, Majer D'Amato Organizational Questionnaire 10, Work and Organizational Motivation Inventory, Mindfulness Organising Scale, Job Satisfaction Scale, and Organizational outcomes (Turnover intentions, Exit and neglect, Performance).

Results: The results provide evidence for the reliability and validity of the Italian version of the Work Psychosocial Climate Scale, after some modifications of the original version.

Conclusions: The evaluation of the psychosocial climate in an organization is one of most important steps to recognize the indicators of work-related stress. The Work Psychosocial Climate Scale allows to conduct the evaluation with a reduced number of items.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/WOR-203225DOI Listing
June 2021

Italian Adaption of Self-Perceived Employability Scale: Psychometric Properties and Relations with the Career Adaptability and Well-Being.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2020 Apr 27;10(5). Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Department of Educational Sciences, University of Catania, Via Biblioteca 4, 95124 Catania, Italy.

The recent transformation of the workplaces and labor market, characterized by rapid technological changes, social and economic instability, has greatly influenced the construction of people's career paths. These paths cannot be viewed more as linear, but multifaceted and unstable. In organizational context, the psychological contract has changed from long term to short term. In this scenario, the construct of employability becomes central: people need to maintain and improve their ability to be attractive to the labor market to get or keep a job. The study presents the adaptation of the Self-Perceived Employability Scale to the Italian context. The participants are 660 Italian workers. The instruments used to verify the concurrent validity of the scale were the Employability Scale, the Flourishing Scale, the Satisfaction With Life Scale, the Organizational Satisfaction Questionnaire and the Career Adapt-Abilities Scale. Results showed good psychometric properties of the Italian version in terms of internal consistency, construct and concurrent validity, with significant correlations with all the other measures. The CFA highlights some dissimilarity in the scale's structure compared to the UK version, probably due to cultural differences among the samples.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bs10050082DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7287573PMC
April 2020

High-School Satisfaction Scale (H-Sat Scale): Evaluation of Contextual Satisfaction in Relation to High-School Students' Life Satisfaction.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2019 Nov 23;9(12). Epub 2019 Nov 23.

Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Sassari, 07100 Italy.

Recent literature on positive psychology underlines the crucial role of schools to create a psychologically healthy environment and to set programs and strategies fostering adolescents' well-being. The aim of the present study is to validate a scale that measures scholastic satisfaction since a scientific evaluation and interventions on school satisfaction can help professionals to support adolescents' positive development and school adjustment. We adapted the College Satisfaction Scale (CSS) and confirmed the previous five-dimensional structure also in a high school students' sample (n = 792). The High-school Satisfaction Scale (H-Sat Scale) evaluates five dimensions of school satisfaction: appropriateness of choice (CH), quality of school services (SE), relationships with classmates (RE), effectiveness of study habits (ST) and usefulness for a future career (CA). The questionnaire consists of 20 items; it showed good psychometric features and, consistent with previous literature, confirmed its validity in relation to life satisfaction and quality of life of high school students. Compared with previous scales, the H-Sat evaluates two innovative areas of school satisfaction since it gives a measure of satisfaction in career path (appropriateness of choice and usefulness for future career) could help school counsellors to set interventions in this field.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bs9120125DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6960708PMC
November 2019

[Job satisfaction scales: a critical review].

G Ital Med Lav Ergon 2019 03;41(1):29-44

University of Enna "Kore".

Objectives: Job satisfaction is very significant in the field studies of occupational wellbeing. A vast number of published studies have suggested a link between job satisfaction levels and both organizational behavior and physical and mental health. The detection of effective intervention strategies needs an accurate assessment. Therefore, the problem of choosing precise measurement instruments takes place. Objectives. The present paper is aimed to provide a framework about the characteristics of available measures of job satisfaction, in its globality, as a unit, as well as in its component parts.

Methods: A critical review was conducted, systematically describing instruments as classified into single-item scales, one-dimensional scales, and multidimensional scales. Psychometric qualities and structural features are indicated for each presented measure.

Results: From literature-based analysis a large amount of existing instruments emerged, with some differences referring to their validity, reliability, and practical usefulness. Overall, we presented 23 self-report scales, 7 of which are addressed to a global evaluation, whereas 14 are multidimensional. Some scales are specifically developed to be used in healthcare, medical, and nursing areas.

Conclusions: An accurate method for evaluation is at the bottom of the development of effective programs for the prevention of work related risk factors. This overview might be helpful as a guidance tool for determining if an instrument is suitable for a specific purpose.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
March 2019

Facial expressions and the ability to recognize emotions from the eyes or mouth: A comparison among old adults, young adults, and children.

J Genet Psychol 2018 Sep-Oct;179(5):297-310. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

a Faculty of Human and Social Sciences, Università degli Studi di Enna Kore , Enna , Italy.

The aim of the present study was to contribute to the literature on the ability to recognize anger, happiness, fear, surprise, sadness, disgust, and neutral emotions from facial information (whole face, eye region, mouth region). More specifically, the aim was to investigate older adults' performance in emotions recognition using the same tool used in the previous studies on children and adults' performance and verify if the pattern of emotions recognition show differences compared with the other two groups. Results showed that happiness is among the easiest emotions to recognize while the disgust is always among the most difficult emotions to recognize for older adults. The findings seem to indicate that is more easily recognizing emotions when pictures represent the whole face; compared with the specific region (eye and mouth regions), older participants seems to recognize more easily emotions when the mouth region is presented. In general, the results of the study did not detect a decay in the ability to recognize emotions from the face, eyes, or mouth. The performance of the old adults is statistically worse than the other two groups in only a few cases: in anger and disgust recognition from the whole face; in anger recognition from the eye region; and in disgust, fear, and neutral emotion recognition from mouth region.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00221325.2018.1509200DOI Listing
October 2019

Psychological resources, satisfaction, and career identity in the work transition: an outlook on Sicilian college students.

Psychol Res Behav Manag 2018 18;11:187-195. Epub 2018 May 18.

Faculty of Human and Social Sciences, "Kore" University of Enna, Enna, Italy.

Background: The phases of career building today bring out a more complex process than in previous decades. Starting from the literature review, the university-to-work transition is considered a very important step in the future career of the graduates, and it involves some psychological resources and requires specific abilities.

Methods: Research has examined the psychological resources that students at the end of a degree course can use in the university-to-work transition. The aim of the study is to verify the relationship between academic satisfaction and career identity, and the mediational role of readiness and confidence on this relationship. A group of 438 students were assigned to complete a questionnaire in order to examine the relationship between academic satisfaction and career identity and the role of core components of psychological resources: readiness and confidence as mediator.

Results: The results indicated both a direct relationship between academic satisfaction and career identity and a mediated relationship with the influence of readiness and confidence for a transition. Adding to our results, we assert that academic satisfaction has a directed effect on confidence during the transition and is a predictor of career identity, both directly and by the mediation of readiness in career transitions.

Conclusion: Career identity has implication for exploratory behavior, thus increasing the motivation and mindfulness that create a virtuous circle, influencing the development of knowledge and skills, which are the base of proactivity and confidence in construction of one's future career.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S164745DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5965388PMC
May 2018

The role of career adaptability and courage on life satisfaction in adolescence.

J Adolesc 2018 01 8;62:1-8. Epub 2017 Nov 8.

Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Education and Applied Psychology, University of Padova, Via Venezia 8, 35131, Padova, Italy. Electronic address:

The present study aimed to extend understanding about the relationship between career adaptability, courage, and life satisfaction in a sample of Italian adolescents. It was hypothesized that courage partially mediated the relationship between career adaptability and life satisfaction. Specifically, 1202 Italian high school students with an age from 14 to 20 years (M = 16.87; SD = 1.47), of which 600 (49.9%) boys and 602 (50.1%) girls, were involved. Using a multigroup approach across gender, it was found that courage partially mediated the relationship between career adaptability and life satisfaction in boys and girls. Results suggested the relevance of career interventions to promote career adaptability and courage for strengthening life satisfaction in adolescence.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2017.11.002DOI Listing
January 2018

Iconographic Professional Interests Inventory (3IP): A New Validation Study.

Eur J Psychol 2015 Nov 27;11(4):571-96. Epub 2015 Nov 27.

Faculty of Human and Social Sciences, Università Kore, Enna, Italy.

Interests have been a central focus of counselling psychology (and vocational psychology in particular) for over 100 years. The awareness of professional interests increases self-knowledge and provides occupational information. In career counselling, vocational interests are assessed more frequently than any other vocational construct, though early evaluations (before 13 years old) of professional interests are very rare. The aim of this research is to examine the 3IP construct (Iconographic Professional Interests Inventory; an inventory composed of 65 stylised pictures that represent people in the act of performing a job) in depth, testing more models in addition to the 19 vocational areas proposed in the 3IP manual. Results show that most of the vocational areas can be grouped into 4 second-level areas ("things", "people", "leisure", and "culture"). Moreover, Holland's RIASEC model is tested; an accurate selection of items reveals that this model works well using 24 specific jobs. The research concludes that the inventory has good psychometric qualities which can grow further by mean of the increasing, in a targeted way, of the number of jobs.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v11i4.927DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4873077PMC
November 2015
-->