Publications by authors named "Pao-Chin Lai"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Factors Influencing Self-Efficacy and Self-Management among Patients with Pre-End-Stage Renal Disease (Pre-ESRD).

Healthcare (Basel) 2021 Mar 2;9(3). Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Department of Information Management, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taipei 112, Taiwan.

Aim: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an emerging major public health issue that leads to end-stage kidney disease (ESRD). Factors influencing the self-management and self-efficacy of ESRD patients are still under investigation. The objective of this study is to evaluate the association of depression and anxiety with self-management and self-efficacy in patients with pre-ESRD.

Methods: Patients in the department of nephrology of a regional hospital in Taiwan were invited to participate and were included in our study if they had a confirmed diagnosis of early-stage CKD, were more than 20 years old, and could converse in Mandarin Chinese or Taiwanese. Patients diagnosed with depression, who could not execute self-care, or who had cognitive deficits were excluded. In total, this cross-sectional study included 112 pre-ESRD patients. We used the Chinese versions of the hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS), the chronic kidney disease self-efficacy instrument (CKD-SE), and the chronic kidney disease self-management instrument (CKD-SM) as the questionnaire. Spearman's rank correlation and logistic regressions were used to analyze the data.

Results: The top quartile of self-management and self-efficacy scores (28 patients) was defined as high self-management and -efficacy, respectively, and the lower three quartiles as low self-management and -efficacy. The logistic regression analysis showed that having depression decreased the odds of having high self-management by 75.4% and high self-efficacy by 75.1%. Having an education level of senior high school or above increased the odds ratios for having high self-management and high self-efficacy to 4.47 and 3.56 (all p-values < 0.05).

Conclusion: Controlling depression as well as increasing the level of education can potentially increase self-management and self-efficacy in pre-ESRD patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9030266DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8000963PMC
March 2021

Association of Testosterone-Related Dietary Pattern with Testicular Function among Adult Men: A Cross-Sectional Health Screening Study in Taiwan.

Nutrients 2021 Jan 18;13(1). Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Research Center for Healthcare Industry Innovation, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, 365 Ming-Te Road, Beitou District, Taipei 112, Taiwan.

Diets could play an important role in testicular function, but studies on how adherence to the dietary patterns influences human testicular function in Asian countries are scarce. Herein, we examined the association between testosterone-related dietary patterns and testicular function among adult men in Taiwan. This cross-sectional study recruited 3283 men who attended a private medical screening program from 2009 to 2015. Testosterone-related dietary pattern was generated by the reduced rank regression (RRR) method. The association between adherence to quartile of dietary pattern scores with sex hormones (testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and estradiol (E2)) and sperm quality (sperm concentration (SC), total sperm motility (TSM), progressive motility (PRM), and normal sperm morphology (NSM)) were examined by multivariable linear regression. Hemoglobin (β = 0.57, < 0.001), hematocrit (β = 0.17, = 0.002), triglyceride (β = -0.84, < 0.001), HDL-cholesterol (β = 3.58, < 0.001), total cholesterol to HDL-cholesterol ratio (β = -0.78, < 0.001), and uric acid (β = -10.77, < 0.001) were highly correlated with testosterone levels. Therefore, these biomarkers were used to construct a testosterone-related dietary pattern. Highest adherence (Q4) to dietary pattern scores were negatively associated with lower testosterone in the pooled analysis (β = -0.89, = 0.037) and normal-weight men (β = -1.48, = 0.019). Likewise, men in the Q4 of the dietary pattern had lower SC (β = -5.55, = 0.001) and NSM (β = -2.22, = 0.007) regardless of their nutritional status. Our study suggesting that testosterone-related dietary pattern (rich in preserved vegetables or processed meat or fish, deep-fried foods, innards organs, rice or flour products cooked in oil, and dipping sauce, but low in milk, dairy products, legumes, or beans, and dark or leafy vegetables) was associated with a poor testicular function.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu13010259DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7830687PMC
January 2021

The effects of knowledge and self-management of patients with early-stage chronic kidney disease: Self-efficacy is a mediator.

Jpn J Nurs Sci 2021 Apr 11;18(2):e12388. Epub 2020 Nov 11.

Department of Nursing, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Aim: The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship among knowledge, self-efficacy, and self-management of patients with early-stage chronic kidney disease (ESCKD).

Methods: This is a cross-sectional correlational study design. This study used purposive sampling to enroll a total of 130 patients with ESCKD. The research instruments included Chronic Kidney Disease Self-Care Knowledge Scale, Chronic Kidney Disease Self-Efficacy Instrument, Chronic Kidney Disease Self-Management Scale, and so on. This study used the statistical software SPSS 20.0 to perform statistical analyses, such as descriptive statistical analysis, independent samples t test, one-way analysis of variance, Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient analysis, and multiple hierarchical regression analysis.

Results: The knowledge of patients with early kidney disease was moderate (55.10%), self-efficacy was moderate (54.44%), and self-management was moderate (61.11%). The disease knowledge and self-efficacy (r = .59, p < .01) were significantly positively correlated with self-management (r = .50, p < .01); the intervening effect of self-efficacy on self-management (z = 4.58, p < .001) reached statistically significant difference. Self-efficacy was the most significant predictor for self-management and explained 49% of the total variance.

Conclusions: This study suggested that self-efficacy was a mediator and predictor for self-management. The research results may serve as reference for related administrative authorities or medical personnel to develop self-efficacy strategies with theoretical basis, as well as appropriate self-efficacy improvement schemes, to transform the methods for enhancing disease knowledge to improve the intervention with self-efficacy language or method and increase patients' disease self-management.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jjns.12388DOI Listing
April 2021