Publications by authors named "Paloma G Krempel"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Bevacizumab reduces neurocan content and gene expression in newborn rat retina in vitro.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2014 Jul 24;55(8):5109-15. Epub 2014 Jul 24.

Laboratory of investigation in Ophthalmology (LIM-33), University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, Brazil.

Purpose: Extracellular matrix (ECM) and cellular membrane proteoglycans (PGs) play important roles in neural differentiation and cell adhesion. Vascular endothelial growth factor, an important signal protein in vascular and retinal neural cell development, is retained in the ECM due to its high affinity for PG. Bevacizumab, an anti-VEGF agent, has been extensively used for treating retinal diseases in adult and newborn patients, although its effect on the developing retina remains largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of bevacizumab on neurocan, phosphacan, and syndecan-3 PG levels in newborn rat retina.

Methods: Retinal explants of sixty 2-day-old Lister hooded rats were obtained after eye enucleation and maintained in culture media with or without bevacizumab for 48 hours. Immunohistochemical staining was assessed against neurocan, phosphacan, and syndecan-3. Proteoglycan content was quantified based on the intensity of immunohistochemical labeling. Gene expressions were quantified by real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. The results from the treatment and control groups were compared.

Results: No significant difference in the staining intensity and mRNA expression of phosphacan and syndecan-3 was observed between the groups. However, a significant decrease in neurocan content and mRNA expression was observed in bevacizumab-treated retinal explants compared with controls.

Conclusions: Bevacizumab did not affect phosphacan and syndecan-3 levels but decreased neurocan content and gene expression. Therefore, it may interfere with early postnatal retinal cell differentiation. Although further studies are necessary to confirm our findings, we suggest anti-VEGF agents be used with caution in developing retinal tissue.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/iovs.14-14466DOI Listing
July 2014

In vitro effects of bevacizumab treatment on newborn rat retinal cell proliferation, death, and differentiation.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2012 Nov 29;53(12):7904-11. Epub 2012 Nov 29.

Programa de Biologia Celular e do Desenvolvimento, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Purpose: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an important signal protein in vertebrate nervous development, promoting neurogenesis, neuronal patterning, and glial cell growth. Bevacizumab, an anti-VEGF agent, has been extensively used for controlling pathological retinal neovascularization in adult and newborn patients, although its effect on the developing retina remains largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of bevacizumab on cell death, proliferation, and differentiation in newborn rat retina.

Methods: Retinal explants of sixty 2-day-old Lister hooded rats were obtained after eye enucleation and maintained in culture media with or without bevacizumab for 2 days. Immunohistochemical staining was assessed against proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA, to detect cell proliferation); caspase-3 and beclin-1 (to investigate cell death); and vimentin and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP, markers of glial cells). Gene expressions were quantified by real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. Results from treatment and control groups were compared.

Results: No significant difference in the staining intensity (on immunohistochemistry) of PCNA, caspase-3, beclin-1, and GFAP, or in the levels of PCNA, caspase-3, beclin-1, and vimentin mRNA was observed between the groups. However, a significant increase in vimentin levels and a significant decrease in GFAP mRNA expression were observed in bevacizumab-treated retinal explants compared with controls.

Conclusions: Bevacizumab did not affect cell death or proliferation in early developing rat retina but appeared to interfere with glial cell maturation by increasing vimentin levels and downregulating GFAP gene expression. Thus, we suggest anti-VEGF agents be used with caution in developing retinal tissue.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/iovs.12-10283DOI Listing
November 2012